In the XX century, the domestic large artillery and special power increasingly slipping into the category of secondary weapons. Although by August 1914 she was ahead of the world in the number field 76-mm guns, for the first time since Ivan III did not have heavy artillery. Nicholas II and his surrounding generals Kuropatkin and Sukhomlinov, and also in charge of the artillery of Grand Duke Sergei Mikhailovich religiously adhere to the French concept, claiming that the war could be won with only one 76-mm guns.
Tank builders from different countries have sought to create a new machine jointly. In the summer of 1963, the Ministers of defense of the United States and Germany signed an agreement on joint development of main battle tank for the armies of both States on the program of the MBT (Main Battle Tank). In 1969 tests were presented prototypes of tanks, MBT-70, developed in Detroit, and in Augsburg. Although the sample was designed according to General technical requirements, they differed significantly from each other with weapons, engines, chassis. As a result, in the same year, the Alliance broke up, dispersed and tank builders, who then went their separate ways. In the US there was a tank “Abrams” in Germany – “the Leopard”: similar in their main characteristics, but at the same time.
Air rifle Hatsan (Hatsan) is widely known in Russia among fans airguns. They are successfully used also for entertainment and for hunting. Besides you can buy them at very reasonable prices.
Mid-1930s, the Political leadership of the fledgling Germany wants revenge for the defeat in the First world war. The command of the Wehrmacht, forced perevooruzhit the army requires a supply of powerful concrete tools, hoping in the near future without much delay to overcome with their help, the Maginot line.
A family of half-track armored “half-tracks”, one of the most famous and popular among the fighting machines of the allies during the Second world war, began to be developed in the United States since 1932. Their design started from four firms: James Cunniagham and Sons, Linn, GMC and Marmon-Herrington. As the prototype was used the chassis of the French Citroen-Kegresse С417, several samples of which were purchased a year earlier. In the next five years was developed and tested experienced polupustyne options from T1 to Т9Е1. The latter, recognized as the most successful, was based on the chassis of the truck Ford V-8 wheel formula 4×2. Rear axle was replaced by a tracked vehicle of the company Timken with rubber caterpillar.
88-mm anti-aircraft gun Flak 18/36. The history of military technology is replete with examples where a particular weapon has become world famous. So, do not need additional introduction of the Soviet T-34 tank, the German bomber Ju-87, the British armored personnel carrier “Universal” American car “jeep” and many others. This list includes the German 88-mm anti-aircraft gun — without doubt, the most famous artillery piece of world war II.
After the Second world war, the army of the victorious countries have experienced a surplus of armored vehicles. Most directly it was the most massive tank of the Western allies, “Sherman”. Suffice it to say that by the end of the summer of 1945 in the army of the coalition, there were about 20 thousand military vehicles of this type. It is quite natural that from such a number of tanks, which has become unnecessary in time of peace, it was necessary to get rid of. Alternative to send to the smelter, which is also widely practiced, was the transfer or sale of tanks to other countries.
Analysis of the use of wheeled armored cars (BA) in local wars and armed conflicts of recent decades have shown the need to further increase their survivability. Established that a significant danger to them are bombs and mines placed on the roads. So, on average, more than 30% of the armored cars was out of action from defeat by them, 40% of cases can be attributed to the share of small arms, the remaining percentage accounts for the impact of hand-held antitank grenade launchers and missiles. However, in operations such as, for example, the Iraqi “desert Storm” or Somali “Revival of hope”, the loss of U.S. armored vehicles against mines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs) accounted for 60%, much higher than all averages.
The defeat of the English troops on the European continent and the loss of almost two thirds of their tanks forced the British to seek the assistance of the United States. To make up for losses due to own production, the British was not possible.
In the thirties of the last century in Germany was issued a Handbook Heigle “Tanks” for many years and then enjoyed great popularity among the military specialists. Already in the first section concerning the tasks performed by different types of armored vehicles, it was noted that “armored vehicles due to their large specific speed used primarily for exploration”, but a little further we read: “when high mobility on roads and a large range of armored vehicles have only a limited permeability in the area” – and one might add: “and no traffic in the presence of water obstacles”.