The angle of inclination of the pivot bushings 12° due to the use of wheels with size of 6.70—10″ — leading and of 4.00—10″ — slave. With this angle, the plane of the frame of the mini-truck parallel to the road. The angle can and should be changed in the case of using four wheels, the amount of 4.00—10“.
As the rear suspension used a modified front suspension two motor scooters “Ant”. Revision was reduced to the replacement of pin and fork connection to additional knee, reinforcing the connection of the plug with the rotating lever.
To the beam rear axle of its four upper brackets is attached to the seat frame with seats the driver and passenger. The two lower brackets (loops), this frame fits with eyelets traverse.
FRONT AXLE, let me remind you, the presenter. To him include: reverse gear, suspension, springs, shocks, axles, brakes – all from the “Ant”. With a few modifications, these nodes are located in the same places under the body.
ENGINE mini truck “native”, the T-200. Power it by installing a head with reduced combustion chamber is increased to 14 HP Instead of the regular ignition system is applied “magneto” to facilitate service of the power unit. The motor mount to the frame by the same.
The mechanism of the throttle:
1 — the cable in the sheath; 2 — thrust; 3 — rod; 4 – a bracket of fastening of a pedal; 5 — throttle; 6 — carb engine (conventionally not shown).
Cover differential bearing:
1 – the bearing 104; 2 — gasket (rubber ring); 3 — case cover.
Torque from the engine to the reverse gear is transmitted by a chain from the bike. For this sprocket, the leading (z — 14) and counter shaft (z = 27), customized to a landing the size of the chain by reducing the thickness of their teeth on a lathe. High tractive effort managed to get a replacement sprocket (z = 17) on “Minsk” with a smaller number of teeth (z = 14). Chain transmission at Pathfinder showed himself well; after driving 800 km to the possibility of its regulation is far from exhausted. And stars do not have obvious signs of wear.
TRANSMISSION. Regular lever shift replaced by lever
from the fuel high-pressure pump diesel engine, approaching the size of the landing slots.
At Pathfinder installed a reverse gear from motor scooter cargo “the Ant”. The weakest of its parts — the axle shaft. At peak loads they break down, as weakened by the holes for fixing pins, and have significant backlash — universal joints, rubber couplings, as well as ordinary pendant does not contribute to the long life of the seats of the axles.
To the undercarriage of the vehicle did not fail, I solved the problem dramatically. This has produced a new bearing cover of the differential, which is pressed in bearings 104 that are suitable for planting the size of the axles.
Modified plugs and universal joints: first, shortened; second, grind the outside so that there is the opportunity to drown the plugs deeper into the cover and thereby increase the reliability of their splined connections with the axle shafts. After that, the pins, the locking plugs on the slotted shafts become unnecessary.
Still in my plans — installation of side gear wheels. This will improve the overall hanging design, will facilitate the work of the engine, increase the traction of the mini-truck.
THE STEERING ACTUATOR. With its placement on the frame of the mini-truck in front of me there was a problem: how, without disturbing the driver and passenger, tie the steering wheel in front of the seat with the swing arm under the seat?
After considering several options, I used a rocking chair that connects all the kinematics of the steering. Located the rocking chair at the top of the vertical shaft, which rotates in two roller bearings attached to the main knee frame clamps.
Rods of variable length made of steel tubes and rods. On one end they have a ball fingers from the “Lada” on the other — rubber-metal joints from the “Moskvich-2141”. Traction allow you to adjust the amount of convergence of the steered wheels so that during the movement all the gaps in the steering actuator under the action of forces of rolling friction was chosen and the wheels become parallel.
He steering gear taken from a car “Niva”. To it is welded a pipe column with the steering wheel from the “Moskvich-412” at the top.
CONTROL SYSTEM. Speaking of her, I mean the mechanisms controlling the brakes, clutch, throttle carburetor, reverse gear.
On the mini-truck applied automotive control system:
the right hand of the driver is the gear stick, under the left — reverse gear under the right foot — pedal throttle and brake, under the left grip (the last two pedals from the car “UAZ”, modified by the installation location). As clutch pedals and “gas” used brake pedal scooter “Tourist”.
Mechanisms clutch control, throttle — cables; brakes, gearbox and reverse gear — pulling, hard. Traction brake and gear lever made adjustable in length.
Lever air concentrator carb (“choke”) is located under the right hand of the driver on the seat tube of the frame.
Reliable brakes guarantee the safety of any vehicle. Let not the engine is running, but the brakes should always be healthy — in the words lot of sense. Therefore, in the design of the mini-truck used a regular system of mechanical brakes “Ant”.
The brake pedal is hard an adjustable rod connected with the rocking — equalizer brake force and further with the leading (front) wheels. The term “Pathfinder” will have a Parking brake acting on the steering (rear)wheels.
The SEAT FRAME is a simple structure, welded from steel tubes of round, rectangular and square cross-sections, is bolted in six points, four of them located on the beam rear axle and two under the traverses. If necessary the frame can be easily dismantled, leaving free access to the steering actuator.
Seat frames made of thin-walled tubes with a diameter of 22 mm, cushions and the seat backs taken ready-made from transport equipment. Vertical backrests provide the driver and passenger a comfortable fit. In addition, in order to eliminate lateral displacement of the riders with steep turns, later the seat was equipped with armrests.
The FUEL TANK is made from the receiver of the braking system of a heavy truck “KrAZ”. To embed the selected arc of the former seat frame “Ant”: they are equipped lodgements, which with clamps and rubber gaskets dragged the pot. Capacity is about 35 litres, which is sufficient for a long drive. The fuel tank is fed by gravity to the carburetor of the engine.
WHEELS. For steering used motorolleri tires with small, so-called highway tread pattern. They are less cling to the dirt, quickly self-cleaned, providing a satisfactory control on the road, and create less drag when driving on asphalt.
For the leading choice is much wider. On the mini-truck, depending on route and traffic conditions, you can set any of the four sets of wheels: native single or dual, self-made with the “evil” of all-terrain tread for off-road or flotation of the motorcycle “Tula”. The last option is the most advantageous for the “Pathfinder.”
EXHAUST SYSTEM. Its placement was not associated with any difficulties. Here is only one innovation — an extra knee at the outlet of the muffler, allowing the exhaust to withdraw gases from the body out to the right. This relieved the driver and passenger from the inevitability to breathe exhaust gases.
BODY of mini-truck with a homemade 1200x800x350 size mm. Capacity. about 300 kg.
The body is made of sheet metal duct (sheet thickness 1,5 mm). Side banded area, but you can pipe small diameter, pre-selecting the bottom of the groove throughout its length. Piping attached intermittent weld.
The fact that the body — dump type, very convenient to operate. In addition, it allows lifting it, to do routine inspection and repair of transmission, not podleta under the car!
SPECIAL EQUIPMENT. For safe on-road mini-truck equipped with a rearview mirror, and lighting devices from “Ant”.
To this equipment include rear bumper-bumper and sump guard cars with spare wheel mounted under body.
To protect the driver and passenger, as well as engine and other components from falling water and dirt, all four wheels are equipped with fenders and mud flaps.
Wings wheels made from body parts of the inner chamber of a household refrigerator. For rear wheel used part of the front wings “Izhevsk” motorcycle.
The three-year operation of the “Tracker” showed that he’s viable. Attracted by good design of the mini truck and many take it for industrial design.
On the basis of “Pathfinder” you can make a four-wheeled motorcycle, a mini-tractor and ATV on the tires. Any of these machines will facilitate the work of the cottager, farmer or Builder.
S. yakishev in a, Krasnoyarsk Krai