“A canoe made of birch bark… the most convenient and easy means of transportation. The bark of one birch, typically enough for one canoe; they are in a suitable form that float on water easily, like a cork” (John. Catlin, 1841).
Boat of the North American Indians can be fairly easily made not only of birch bark, but of a hard, fibrous plates (e.g. hardboard) or thin plywood. Below is a guide to the manufacture canoes from such sheets.
According to the shape and dimensions of the boat proposed for the independent production of German magazine “Practices”, the shape is very reminiscent of a hunting canoe of the Indians. But the hull of the boat, of course, not bark: the rigidity and reliability it acquires through the use of solid fibrous material, and not due to longitudinal and transverse frames, as is done in the original.
The finished canoe weighs about 30 kg, so it can be transported even on the trailer, and especially on the roof of the car. However, the boat has an enviable capacity: can accommodate two adults and three children. Maximum load with a uniform distribution of weight in the canoe is (as it should be for sports boats with a minimum freeboard of 0.15 m), about 280 kg When moving through calm water for paddling uses a paddle with T-handle, these are found in sports stores, but paddles can be made independently; the paddle blade must have a width of about 120 mm and a length of 450 mm.
In addition to drawing, you need to consider the following.
It is formed from sheets of fiberboard (hardboard), which according to figure nanosats grid and “pattern” in the body layout transverse incisions. If terbovaniya leaves will be less than needed to scribe the full size boats, the drawing can be applied to two sheets (the second of them mirrored). After cutting and final forming of workpieces of the casing halves obtained it several are pushed one into the other (overlapping) and stitched two parallel stitches.
However, before that you will need to perform all the preparatory operations.
And the main of them after the cut applied on the leaf contour is a thorough soaking of those parts, which are subject to subsequent bending. The hydration is, depending on the thickness of the sheet, on its “inner” surface or both sides, with alternate watering them or encasing with a wet rag.
The post is:
1 — edge;
2 — cross member (frame)
Bending of the billet housing you need to start with the bow (and respectively — fodder), brought together its halves and clamped them to the edge of the overhead slats and clamps. Other areas gently bent upwards, as if forming the future side of the boat, and fixed them a ring band rope ties. Thereafter, the blank is dried until the material does not acquire the initial hardness.