Bomber XB-70 VALKYRIE. The first jet bomber the BOEING b-47 came to the command of the U.S. air force in late 1951. However, the aircraft with maximum payload of about 10 tons could carry in their sections, not all types of bombs from the nuclear Arsenal of the United States at the time and thus became just a huge addition to the piston b-36. This circumstance was the cause of the development of the heavy bomber b-52, the first modification which was twice higher than the b-47 take-off weight in the range of about 5500 km, and, most importantly, could carry a hydrogen bomb MK.17 weighing 21 tons with a TNT equivalent of 20 megatons.
Bomber P2V NEPTUN. In the late 30-ies of the leadership of the U.S. Navy began to develop the requirements for patrol aircraft anti-submarine escort convoys and deep sea exploration. New aircraft with long range flight was to carry the weapon systems of a wide range from conventional bombs to sea mines and torpedoes. To develop for this purpose flying boat did not make sense, because its pressurized fuselage are not satisfied with the capacious bomb Bay and external weapons worsens the already poor aerodynamics of a floatplane, reducing the maximum range and speed of flight.
This unusual aircraft built for the Luftwaffe by the famous German firm Dornier, which had its first flight in September 1943, became the fastest piston fighter in Germany. The maximum speed that was able to develop this aircraft at an altitude of 6400 metres, made up of 763 km/h!
In 1946, after about a year after relocation, the design Bureau of S. A. Lavochkin in Moscow at the plant named after Sergo Ordzhonikidze in Gorky organized the design Bureau OKB-21, this time headed by S. M. Alekseev. The first half of the design office remained a branch of OKB-301 and subordinate to the S. A. Lavochkin, and in July became fully independent. This parallel work was carried out by the Lavochkin fighters and a new project of twin-engine fighter-21.
The starting point on the way to the first combat aircraft of OKB-115 was training bomber UT-3 (air-17, No. 17) – the first car with weapons created specifically for the military.
Shortly after the end of the great Patriotic war in the Soviet Union began to receive numerous captured documents and samples of military equipment. Among them, in a single instance did the twin-engine multi-purpose aircraft Do 235А-1. The Bureau of new technology in TSAGI it has thoroughly studied and built technical details, which is the basis of this publication.
Seaplane Hansa-Brandenburg W-12. The date of establishment of the naval aviation of Germany is considered to be 26 Oct 1910. On that day Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz signed a Directive on early tests of aviation equipment and aircraft, intended for use in the German Navy. And in the winter of 1911 in Putzig was established the first base of naval aviation, whose commander was appointed captain-Lieutenant max Goering.
Firm Curtiss is considered the oldest in the United States — it was founded in 1910, one of the pioneers of aviation Glenn Hammond Curtiss. The main products of the company was military aircraft, including fighters CURTISS P-40 WARHAWK, equipped with American engines Allison V-1710 or English Rolls-Royce-Merlin.