PATRIOT FOR RUSSIA

PATRIOT OF RUSSIAAll-wheel drive SUV UAZ PATRIOT. SUVs are in fashion now. The highway was filled with jeeps of all sizes and kinds — from toddlers, in size far ahead of the domestic “Oka”, to giants, created, appears, on the basis of dump trucks. But if in countries with well-developed road network, the acquisition of the Rover —a tribute to the windy fashion in Russia, with its snow and off-road, four-wheel drive all terrain vehicle becomes imperative.

 
31 may 1929 the Soviet government and the American Ford Motor company signed a contract, which became the basis for the creation of a giant automobile plant in Nizhny Novgorod (from 1932 — Gorky), which soon began to produce trucks GAZ-AA and cars GAZ-A. It was on the Gas was created and the first domestic cross-country vehicles — GAZ-61, GAZ-64 and finally the famous Rover of the great Patriotic war, the GAZ-67B received from the soldiers because of his resemblance with the American jeep the nickname “Willy-John”.
 
In the postwar years in Gaza under the leadership of Gregory Wasserman was created by four-wheel drive car-a new generation of tractor GAZ-69 on the basis of units and aggregates of the car M-20 “Victory”. The first GAZ-69 descended from the factory conveyor on August 25, 1953. Army version of the machine was designed for towing trailers weighing up to 800 kg, 82 mm mortars and light anti-tank guns. Civil modifications were done in rural areas for party and economic managers.
 
The basis of the new vehicle was on high speed and economical “paradowski” engine with three-speed gearbox and two-stage dual. Universal joints, wheel brake with hydraulic drive, steering and rear shocks were also “Victory”; drive axles from a GAZ-67B. From the truck GAZ-51 used a Central hand-brake, control devices, lighting fixtures and starting the heater. Suspension — semi-elliptic leaf springs, rear-type “posadowsky”. Frame with closed side members. Body with canvas top and detachable side doors was equipped with a heater, ventilation and demisting the windshield.
 
The first production vehicle of the Gorky automobile plant GAZ-61 issue of 1941
 
The first production vehicle of the Gorky automobile plant GAZ-61 edition 1941
 
Russian army jeep GAZ-67B release 1944
 
Russian army jeep GAZ-67B edition 1944
 
All-wheel drive all-terrain vehicle GAZ-69 AND the release of 1952
 
All-wheel drive all-terrain vehicle GAZ-69 AND edition 1952
 
From the end of 1954 production of the vehicle was transferred to the Ulyanovsk automobile plant. In the production of the car was held until 1973.
 
In 1959, at the Ulyanovsk automobile plant under the leadership of Peter Muzyukin started designing all-wheel drive car of the new generation of UAZ-469. The first prototypes of this car appeared in 1962, however, serial production was started only in 1972. Interestingly, in China, where it was transferred the drawings of the SUV, its serial production has been deployed several years earlier. The Chinese version of the machine called “Beijing”.
 
In Ulyanovsk 72-strong UAZ-469 was produced in two versions — civil (UAZ-469Б) and military (UAZ-469) with reduction gears and pre-heater. Last modification had ground clearance of 300 mm 220 mm against civilians. In 1980, the car was upgraded it has equipped the brakes with the separate drive and brought the engine power up to 80 HP
 
In the late 1990-ies of the Ulyanovsk automobile plant has started to update the model range of produced cars. One of the stages of this event was the release of the car UAZ HUNTER (“Hunter”) is an honored veteran of the UAZ-469, in recent years known as the UAZ-3151.
 
Passenger of all-terrain vehicles UAZ-3151 1985 issues
 
Passenger of all-terrain vehicles UAZ-3151 issue 1985
 
Modern UAZ-HUNTER is a perfect embodiment of the idea of the cult of the SUV UAZ-469
 
Modern UAZ-HUNTER is a perfect embodiment of the idea of the cult of the SUV UAZ-469

 
UAZ-3162 SIBMIR — the first attempt of the designers of the Ulyanovsk automobile plant to move from car 1970-ies with his archaic forms to the SUV of the XXI century
 
UAZ-3162 SIBMIR — the first attempt of the designers of the Ulyanovsk automobile plant to move from car 1970-ies with his archaic forms to the SUV of the XXI century
 
UAZ PATRIOT 2005 model
 
UAZ PATRIOT 2005 model
 
When the external similarity of the UAZ-469 HUNTER is a virtually new machine. The main changes concerned the chassis. A completely redesigned power unit — a HUNTER equipped with a fuel injected 2.7-litre engine that meets the Euro-2. Instead of the four-point engine mount applied more progressive three-point — it significantly reduced the noise and vibration of the motor.
 
Refined cooling system it is equipped with an aluminum heatsink with high efficiency Is archaic lever clutch on the Rover appeared more modern diaphragm. The power unit is equipped with a new 5-speed gearbox and transfer box with helical gears.
 
The car has a new main gear type “Spicer” with one-piece sump and the front axle is equipped with new constant velocity joints such as “Birfield”, which has twice as much resource than the former. To all the front wheels have drum instead of modern disc brakes, and steering gear — steering of national design.
 
Major alterations have been the back of the machine Plant managed to significantly reduce cabin noise due to additional sound insulation; the door had a double seal. The salon is equipped with modern comfortable seats with all the adjustments their configurations.
 
In addition to the line of vehicles, which is a further development of the 469 th, the Ulyanovsk automobile plant in accordance with the new market demands, has designed a new, more modern SUV model, called the UAZ 3160 SIMBIR. The car received a more powerful engine, center differential, dependent spring suspension of the front wheels and a more comfortable and modern all-metal body. By the way, the car was produced in the usual (3160) and long wheelbase (3162) variants.
 
Geometric scheme of the car-SUV UAZ PATRIOT
 
The geometric scheme of the car-SUV UAZ PATRIOT
 
Quite modern looks and interior of this SUV. So, the instrument cluster is the same as VAZ-2107, doors with modern door handles and inside lined with moulded panelling. In front of the right passenger glove compartment with illumination.
 
Steering wheel — adjustable for height, combination switch — from VAZ-2108. The front seats have adjustable lumbar support, and backrest split rear seats, stepless tilt adjustment.
 
Transmission for UAZ-3160 — with a five-speed transmission. Transfer case with reduction gear, with the possibility of rigid connection of the front axle. Rear brakes — drum, front disc.
 
The new SUV Ulyanovsk automobile plant, called UAZ PATRIOT, was born as a result of deep modernization of the long-wheelbase variant of UAZ-3162. By design, the PATRIOT is a classic all-wheel-drive body-on-frame SUV with five-door body type “universal”
 
The car: rear axle rigidly connected to the front, and the connection of the front axle can be done even on the go. In the army, this car will be produced with gear axles and, respectively, with increased ground clearance.
 
Car dashboard
 
Car dashboard
 
The driver
 
The driver
 
If necessary, the car can comfortably sleep is with satisfaction perceive hunters and fishermen
 
If necessary, the car can comfortably sleep is with satisfaction perceive hunters and fishermen
 
On the capacity of the car breaking all records — the passengers and the driver freely and the front and rear. As an option in the baggage compartment can be installed parallel to the sides of the two benches, on which if necessary can accommodate four passengers total in the car can sit 9 people including the driver.
 
Second row seat can be folded in the ratio 2:3, and if you tilt back the rear backrests and front seats, to a nearly level bed dimensions salon.
 
The interior of the car was quite modern and, experts say — presentable and neat. His appearance is radically different from the interior predecessor, the car has a new interior cladding of the doors and the new front panel is of Iranian origin, similar to the one used on the MERCEDES M-class previous generation.
 
In General, the “Patriot” a lot of components and assemblies from well-known manufacturers (about 20 percent) — in particular, the starter motor and alternator — Bosch, block lights with electrocorrection — a joint venture of Bosch and Automotive Lighting (Ryazan), the clutch mechanism — the German firm Luck (by the way, the force on the clutch pedal of this mechanism, 15 kgs less than the car UAZ HUNTER, and the host resource is 100 thousand km — 70 percent more than domestic), power steering — with the Russian case and the “filling” of the German company ZF, the dashboard on stepper motors — Swiss-made gearbox, made integral with the clutch mechanism. Korean production, etc.
 
In tow UAZ PATRIOT is capable of carrying a load of about one ton
 
Towed the UAZ PATRIOT is capable of carrying a load of about one ton
 
UAZ still offers buyers a car with only one engine — a fuel injected four-cylinder 16-valve 2.7-liter ZMZ-409, developing power 128 BHP transmission South Korean company Dymos — five-speed, manual, with synchromesh in all gears (its resource is 350 thousand km), transfer case — two-stage, gear ratio of 1.00 and 1.95. Incidentally, the UAZ-3160 CAT had unconventional shift pattern that caused the natural difficulty in the development of the car — the new location of the transmission standard.
 
Bridges practically has not changed — the same rigid beam, with the rear — few-leaf springs and front spring hanger.
 
For reviews of the test, the car is well behaved on the roads. The machine optimum accessibility, high energy intensity of the suspension and, if included reducing gear transfer case thrust motor is enough in order to allow movement in any situation. However, when driving on the highway is poor vehicle handling due to the lack of appreciable reactive force on the steering wheel and a very small stabilizing moment, which helps return the front wheels in neutral
 
Ulyanovsk automobile plant is very thoroughly prepared for serial production of UAZ PATRIOT. For painting the car was purchased modern painting line Eisenmann company for the production of axles and transfer cases installed new automatic line, upgraded the main conveyor, pereslegina automatic welding line. And in a metallurgical plant has a new oven, allowing to leak transmission parts not made of cast iron, and high strength.
 
Serial production of UAZ PATRIOT began in July 2005, and the following year the plant is expected to reach full capacity of 33,000 cars a year it is Assumed that the base PATRIOT CLASSIC will be sold for 13 $ 700, a PATRIOT COMFORT with electrocom roof, alloy wheels, velour upholstery, fog lamps and plastic cover spare wheel — 14 for $ 800. A lot or a little? Foreign SUV of this size and a cross can be bought for twice that amount, and domestic competitor of the Ulyanovsk vehicle CHEVROLET NIVA is that for $ 12,000 or DARWAYS COWBOY for 13 $ 430, produced in Cherkessk on the basis of units of the Romanian ARO jeep.
 
Technical characteristics of the car UAZ PATRIOT
 
Body type………………………………………5-door
The number of seats……………………………………..5+4
Curb weight, kg……………………2070
Full weight, kg…………………………….2670
Engine……………………………………….ZMZ-409.10
Type………………………………………………..petrol, fuel injected
Location………………………………..front, longitudinally
Number of cylinders 4
Working volume, cm3………………………..2693
Degree compressed……………………………….9
Number of valves………………………………16
Maximum power, HP………….128
Transmission…………………………….mechanical, 5-speed
Transfer box………………………two-stage
Front suspension………………………..dependent, spring, with stabilizer
Rear suspension……………………………dependent, spring
The front brakes………………………….ventilated disc
Rear brakes……………………………..drum
Steering………………………type screw-ball nut
Maximum speed, km/h………….150
Fuel consumption, l/100 km:
urban…………………………..14
– extra-urban cycle………………………….10,4
mixed cycle……………………….13,2
Fuel tank capacity, l…………….87
Fuel petrol…………………………….AI-92

 
I. EVSTRATOV

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