Through the study of Dutch scientists to save people from a variety of neuropsychiatric disorders ranging from a variety of phobias and ending with post-traumatic stress disorder.
Researchers from the free University of Amsterdam discovered the molecular mechanism that allows the brain to edit the memory, in particular to forget unpleasant memories.
According to researchers, the molecular basis for these memory operations is a glutamate receptor on the surface of neurons. Glutamate (glutamic acid) is one of the most important neurotransmitters in the brain, by means of which the signal transmission from neuron to neuron. To catch molecules of glutamate on the surface of nerve cells have special proteins-receptors.
As it turned out, the weakening of memories, leaving it in long-term storage accompanied by the absorption of glutamate receptors. In the process of endocytosis piece of the cell membrane of a neuron with this receptor is indented inward to form a vesicle inside the crate, disappearing from the surface.