ARMORED CAR IVECO UNDER THE BRAND NAME “LYNX”

ARMORED CAR IVECO UNDER THE BRAND NAME Cars, army UAZ-29661-vehicle with engine ZMZ-5143 98 HP and an elongated UAZ-2966 motor 9МЗ-4219.1 84 HP, which in the early 2000s were equipped with the Russian army, created on the basis of the famous UAZ-469. By this time they have, to put it mildly, could not meet the increased needs of military units. Therefore military experts had welcomed the new car – GAZ-2975, created by the Gorky automobile plant. It was an army jeep – Russian multipurpose armored terrain under the loud name “Tiger”. Its serial production in 2005 has mastered the Arzamas machine-building plant, where they were received in the Ministry of defence and the Ministry of internal Affairs.

The armored car proved itself in tests and in operation in the army, having “high flotation on soft soil and stability when driving at maximum speed”. The engine was installed with a capacity of 150 HP, so if you combat weight 5300 kg, the car could reach speeds up to 140 km/h the car Armed with a 7.62 mm machine gun and 30-mm automatic heavy grenade launcher AGS-30. The cabin withstood the hit, steel bullets of 7.62-mm Kalashnikov rifle and a landmine explosion with the capacity of 0.2 kg of TNT. In short, the reviews were very positive.
 
So in mid-2009 military professionals with some surprise that I received the news about the impending replacement of the tiger and other armored vehicles, especially foreign. They were Italian armored cars IVECO LMV-V65. One of the arguments in favor of the purchase of these machines in the Ministry of defence has put forward insufficient protection of the “Tiger” from small arms and the lack of mine protection. According to the manufacturer “Iveco” had existing now in the world the protection system STANAG 4569 3rd class (Level 3), and our machines, the corresponding technical task of the specialists of the Ministry, is only the 1st.
Explain that according to 3rd grade systems provide bulletproof protection against armor-piercing bullets AR М993 (core – carbite tungsten) cartridge, NATO 7,62×51 at a distance of 30 m at the meeting of 930 m/s; anti-fragmentation, undermining the 155-mm projectile at a distance of 60 m; mine – to undermine anti-tank mines explosive action when the mass of explosive charge — 8 kg.
 
Representative of the Japanese company Honda was interested in the suspension units of
 
The representative of the Japanese company Honda was interested in the suspension units of “Lynx”
 
The Italian
 
The Italian “Iveco”, armed with 7.62 mm machine gun and grenade blocks
 
At 1st class protection bulletproof is reduced to simple bullet cartridge M80 7.62-mm or M193 cartridge, 5.56 mm at a distance of 30 m, cannon-proof, undermining the same 155-mm projectile, but the distance is 100 m; mine provides protection from blasting under the car, hand grenades, unexploded military items artillery shells.
 
This means that the difference between classes 3-m and 1-m is mainly in providing protection against armour-piercing bullets.
 
In the absence of prospects of modernization of the “tigers”, consisting in increasing the level of security was due to the following motiviate replace them. Although representatives of the military-industrial Commission at the time rightly pointed out that the Ministry of internal Affairs has already delivered “tiger” GAZ-233036 with the 2nd protection class, and created even more sophisticated machines that can withstand the hit of armor-piercing bullets (i.e. 3rd class).
 
Another argument experts of the Ministry of defense cited a desire to obtain more sophisticated technologies of military production. Chief editor of “Arsenal” V. murakhovski explained: “Lynx” is the average world level. The idea was to go to the Italian market, and then purchase the technology and other machines.” However, this approach is dependent on another state and the political situation in the world.
One way or another, but the defense Ministry said that 2014 will be discontinued the supply of armored cars “Tiger” for the army.
 
Central automobile repair plant No. 172 in Voronezh already produced cars “Lynx” model ІVЕСО 65Т19WМ LMV. According to press reports, here they are assembled, but limited only by the fastening of the Luggage compartment and bonnet, hanging the winch and spare wheel.
 
All the parts are shipped from Italy to the exploded view of the RV.
 
What now in the car, our domestic? The managing Director of the plant S. Falkin says: “the Russian side proposed in the main body part, the body, the production of trim parts, armor protection, lining, substrate. All this will be done in our company…”.
 
ARMORED CAR IVECO UNDER THE BRAND NAME
 
 
The machine shop split the high backs of the front seats, a support tube and a transverse tubular struts
 
The interior of the car divided by the high backs of the front seats, a support tube and a transverse tubular struts
 
Parts of the body, forming a
 
Parts of the shell forming “bronekapsuly”
 
The power compartment of the car
 
The power compartment of the car
 
The location of the crew in the 5-seat version. The shooter-operator when shooting is on a pedestal between the seats
 
The location of the crew in the 5-seat version. The shooter-operator when shooting is on a pedestal between the seats
 
A column of armored vehicles
 
A column of armored vehicles “Iveco” is moving in a desert area of Afghanistan
 
So, for the licensed production of armored vehicles “Lynx”, a plant must be significantly transformed, replaced with sophisticated equipment, trained professionals.
 
In 2012 it was assumed to collect only 60 cars, and by 2020, the army planned to deliver 1800 units. Full contract value of the military Department “Lynx” will be about thirty billion rubles.
 
Italian armored car LMV (Light Multirole Vehicle) created by designers of firm Iveco in 2001 in the design of this armored car, granted we have index M 65E19WM used many components and assemblies previously produced civilian models, which reduced not only the cost but operating and maintenance costs. For example, the engine and transmission installed from a passenger of all-terrain vehicles “Iveco-2500”.
 
The body of the machine, according to the manufacturer, is a kind of a separate bronekapsuly, with the frame of steel pipes of large diameter with the help of fasteners are installed in steel and ceramic panels. Ceramic – manufactures of German firm Barat Ceramics in the form of parts: doors, panels, dash or sidewall, etc., and then supplies to the Italian factory. Here they “cook” the substrate of high-strength polyethylene – only in this connection is the ceramic armor panel. Then the parts are fixed in certain places of the machine. The substrate produced one of the firms in the Netherlands.
 
Note that panels of ceramics is almost half the weight of steel armor with the same armor protection, but they cost much more expensive.
 
However, our military experts expressed their doubts about the reliability of bronekapsuly machine, harakterizuet it as the “so called”. Indeed, what can you expect if even the heavy-duty modules are screwed to the pipe frame by screws, bolts and nuts is thus made simple “buggy”. The capsule wall are not continuous, not to mention her integrity. According to the military, with the explosion of cracks in places of fastening in the cabin there is a sharp pressure drop can be fatal to crew members.
 
In addition, ceramics are not completely beyond the “capsule” machines, being absent, for example, on bends, in remote areas of the ceramic panels are just flat. It replaces the armor panels, as a result, there are weakened zones. They accumulate, according to the Italian technical documentation, up to 15% of the total area.
 
The remaining parts of the machine housing can be considered, it is not protected: the hood is made from lightweight plastic only, and the trunk is aluminum.
However, the machines are equipped with nodes for installation of additional wall modules passive armor brand AMAR is the German company IBD that can provide protection from fire of heavy machine guns. However, they are not included and are available separately and at extra cost.
 
The bottom in the center of the cabin, according to the technical documentation, has a V-shaped, its material is the layered structure of type “sandwich” with a 10-mm armor. It is believed that all this leads not only to the rejection of the explosive action in the lateral direction, the absorption due to the deformation of the material.
 
When the detonation of the charge underneath the energy of the explosion initially extinguished ceramic protection and double-layered bottom, then struts of the frame housing with the transition to the roof. It is believed that from the seat of the crew explosive acceleration pulse comes very weakened, not exceeding considerably the norm overloads.
 
However, getting acquainted with the chassis of the armored car, at the Forum in Zhukovsky, the author has discovered a completely flat bottom, slightly beveled at a slight angles to the sides.
 
On the armored car “Lynx” installed a three-liter diesel engine Ivесо F1С 190 HP with an average fuel consumption of 14 l / 100 km; reached specific power 26,8 HP/t Car at highway speeds up to 130 km/h, the autonomy of its travel up to 800 km.
 
Vehicle weight – 7100 kg.
 
Gearbox – automatic six-speed ZF 6НР2606F German production.
 
Transmission, fuel tank located aft of the machine, which ensures greater safety.
 
The wheels are equipped with built-in special so-called dostatochnym device with a substance, addictive holes. When injected into the tires of bullets, shrapnel or the explosion of light anti-personnel mines, they do not descend, as usual, to the rim – they may still travel up to 50 km at a speed of 30 km/h.
 
The spare wheel is mounted on a regular place on the back plate.
 
The crew of 4 people, with participation in the fighting fifth is added – the shooter-operator.
 
Therefore, the presented option 5-places-Noy car with a tower for the machine gun or the grenade launcher on the layout crew 2 + 3. The center rear seat is the gunner-operator, leading the firing of weapons on the roof. The presence of three men in full gear in the back seat is very problematic, especially during long trips or driving on bumpy roads. Between the front and rear seat set partition, which is communications equipment and other equipment. Therefore, the transition from the back seat in the front if you need to replace crew members is only possible when you stop the car.
 
Landing and crew egress – only through the door of the cabin, and in an emergency the exit is via a narrow hatch in the roof.
 
The six-model vehicle with four crew members on the two rear seats are “back to back”.
 
TACTICAL AND TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ARMORED VEHICLE “LYNX”
 
Weight, kg………………………………………..7100
Wheel formula…………………………….4×4
Crew……………………………………5 (6)
Weight of towed trailer, kg……..2000
Length, mm……………………………………….5120
Width, mm……………………………………2200
Height (roof), mm……………………2050
Ground clearance, mm……………………………………..290
Track of wheels, mm………………………………1710
Wheelbase, mm……………………………3220
Weapons………………machine gun – 7.62 mm
(12.7 mm) or grenade launcher – 30 mm
Engine:……………………………..Iveco Fl,
displacement 3.0 l, power 185 – 190 HP
Specific power, HP/t:……………….26,8
Average fuel consumption, l/100 km:……..14
Transmission:………………ZF 6HP2606F,
automatic
a six-speed
Transfer box:…………………….Steyr
two-stage
Maximum
speed km/h:………………..highway 130
Reserve, km:………………………………….800
The fording depth, m: ….0,85
Tires:………………………………….325/85 R16
Electrical Equipment In:……………………24
Level of protection: ….STANAG 4569 Level 3

 
Armament machine – gun, accommodation, and other weapons. Fire is the operator-gunner through the hatch in the roof, the installation of the complex remote control arms -commander from his front seat. The ammunition is placed on the roof of the car and in the aft baggage compartment; reloading weapons is possible only when the operator of the machine. The loopholes in the case are absent, so the fire from personal weapons may be conducted only with the Windows open, which is very undesirable in a melee.
 
Note that the proposed remotely controlled weapon module – Norwegian production.
 
The machine not only has fire extinguishers but the fire extinguisher is on the outside aft, which creates difficulties in its use in case of fire in the cabin and are unlikely to give the opportunity to use them in combat.
 
The Italians have determined the temperature range of stable health units and mechanisms of car – 32° to + 49°. Therefore, our manufacturers have some way to extend this range to really existing Russian conditions. A standard requirement in our equipment operates at temperatures from – 50° to + 50°.
 
In 2009 – 2011 to assess compliance with “Iveco” the requirements of the Ministry of defence were tested, for which IVЕСО was provided two machines. According to their results, the Italian manufacturers had to make some improvements. So, to preheat the engine in cold time of the year set the auxiliary heater with a heating capacity of 8 kW, and the heating of the cabin added a diesel heater in the rear with a capacity of 2 kW; changed the design of seats; mounted lamp, which allowed the commander to work in sutomiscica mode. Stepped up some security elements that increased the maximum roof load of 300 kg and the maximum load on the annular support in a sliding roof up to 200 kg; protect the battery from falling stones.
 
The tests also revealed that wide front bumper creates a traffic problem in deep snow, so it was replaced by a shortened, simultaneously putting on his fog lights; increased the width of the foot pegs to 180 mm. the Machine began to match the special underbody protection of the engine. For successful overcoming of water barriers installed in the air inlet and the element of the exhaust pipe.
 
Part of the equipment further included a carbon dioxide fire extinguisher, winch with electric drive, snow chains, tow device, and a set of tools and pullers.
 
Note that, according to the press, the cost of the unarmored “Iveco M65” on which their factory in Bolzano was in 2010, 170 thousand euros, armored car – from 256 thousand euros, with standard weapons – machine gun and radio station – from 461 thousand euros.
 
Italian armored cars under the Russian name “Lynx” is the international car build with armor and units made not only in Italy but also in other countries. Although at the request of the defence Ministry, all military equipment must be manufactured only from domestic materials and components.
 
Armored car “Lynx” was adopted by the Russian army in June 2010 the First of these machines was used in the strategic missile forces for support and protection on the March of mobile missile complexes “Topol-M” and “YARS”, replacing armored personnel carriers and machine Vodnik.

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