ARMORED KAMAZ

ARMORED TRUCKSLocal military conflicts and counter-terrorism operations of recent years has revealed the problem of resistance army transportation from destroy military units of the enemy, and also weapon illegal formations. To a large extent this issue has affected the cars intended for transportation of personnel, transport of various military cargo, installation of special equipment.

 
Among the hundreds of thousands of multipurpose army vehicles are in the service of the KAMAZ family “Mustang”, produced at the Kama automobile plant. Currently there are more than 50 thousand. The machine is fully meet the requirements of high permeability and mobility in off-road conditions, at the same time reliable, not complicated to operate. Suffice it to say that even the civilian version, Kamaee-5350 from this family may take place where “the road will overcome the” only selected. This 5350-th function machine maintenance our team “KAMAZ-master” on the famous African rally “Paris – Dakar”.
 
KAMAZ designers developed this model as a crossover SUV – for use on difficult dirt roads. Serial car worked very well in rough terrain, in the highlands, even in areas far North and widespread.
 
As a result, KAMAZ 5350 index was called up for military service. These trucks represent three-axle front-engined model with the wheel formula 6×6 with permanent four-wheel drive, front axle with steered wheels and closely spaced rear axles. The machine frame with longitudinal spars and transverse traverses.
 
On the chassis of armored vehicles KAMAZ installed dozens of models of military equipment and weapons. On the photo: 122-mm rocket system of volley fire
 
On the chassis of armored vehicles KAMAZ installed dozens of models of military equipment and weapons. On the photo: 122-mm rocket system of volley fire “Grad” on truck-chassis KAMAZ-5350. Parade in honor of the Victory. Rostov-on-don, may 6, 2012.

 
At a military KAMAZ-5350 is equipped with armored cabin, protection of fuel tanks, engine, batteries. In the body of the host protected Kush-module. Sewn provided by the 5th class of GOST R
 
Military KAMAZ-5350 is equipped with armored cabin, protection of fuel tanks, engine, batteries. In the body of the host protected Kush-module. Sewn provided by the 5th class of GOST R
 
KAMAZ-5350 at the test site. Car with a canvas body
 
KAMAZ-5350 at the test site. Car with a canvas body
 
Curb the car has a mass of 9.1 tons, can carry loads of up to 6 t and at the same time to reach the speed of 100 km/h – thanks to it the engine KAMAZ-propeller in Assembly 740.30-260. This diesel was also developed at the Kama plant is designed for operation in countries with moderate and tropical climate, in areas located at altitudes up to 3000 m above sea level; allows to overcome the mountain passes up to 4,500 m. This 8-cylinder car engine, V OHV, four-stroke, liquid-cooled. Turbocharged with intermediate cooling of the air, multistage filter, and the air intake through the suction pipe going from the roof level of the cab. Engine size – 10,85 l; at 2200 rpm, and it produces 260 HP In its environmental performance meets the requirements of regulation economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UNECE) level EVRO-2.
 
Gearbox KAMAZ-154 -mechanical with the ten steps, transfer case – two-stage distributes the torque to the front axle and rear-axle truck. In the main transmission medium of the bridge is the inter-axial differential. The average bridge in this passage, to the rear axle is the driveshaft. Disc clutch dry, friction – has a hydraulic drive with pneumatic booster.
 
Suspension car – dependent. Front axle – on-leaf longitudinal semi-elliptic leaf springs and telescopic hydraulic shock absorbers. Rear bogie suspension spring-balance. Back support consists of two longitudinal leaf springs, rigidly secured to the longitudinal frame and two hydraulic telescopic shock absorbers. This suspension is designed to be more soft and smooth running, when hitting one of the wheels on an obstacle is significantly reduced vertical displacement of the supporting frame of the machine. It provides a secure grip of the wheels with the ground, a small dynamic effect on the frame when working in difficult conditions and minimum wear of chassis components.
 
The truck brakes have a multi-loop pneumatic drive and drum brakes, drum diameters of 400 mm.
 
Wheels equipped with high flotation pneumatic tires. There is a system of centralized control tire pressure air, allowing you to change the working pressure, which provides additional bearing area when moving on soft ground, sand and snow. Tire size -425/85 R21.
KAMAZ-5350 proved to be quite maneuverable machine, the radius of the turn is only 11.3 m with a wheelbase 3340 mm extra distance of 1320 m and the gauge – 2050 mm. Good permeability machine is associated with a high ground clearance of 390 mm It can climb hills with a slope of up to 31°, to overcome ditches in width to 0.6 m, Brody to 1.75 m deep.
 
The cost of KAMAZ is reasonably priced.
 
The car has a wide degree of unification of components and mechanisms and units from other models of Trucks – up to 85%, which leads to its high maintainability. The warranty mileage is within 60 thousand km, and the complete ЕVRО-4 – 100 thousand km.
 
With such technical characteristics and operational capabilities and was enrolled KAMAZ-5350 called “Mustang” in the army ranks. For military vehicles used in the armed forces, in 2006 in accordance with the decision of the Interdepartmental Commission of the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation adopted a set of additional protection (ASM), consisting of the armored cab and protected multifunction module MM-501 and MM-502.
 
Military KAMAZ-5350
 
Military KAMAZ-5350
 
Chassis and front suspension of the car
 
Chassis and front suspension of the car:
 
1 – frame; 2 – leaf semi-elliptic leaf spring; 3 – protection of the crankcase; 4 – the left front wheel; 5 – Carter front axle; 6 – transverse thrust; 7 – propeller shaft rear truck; 8 – front axle; 9 – right telescopic hydraulic shock absorbers

 
Rear two-axle car truck. In the foreground, the middle axle drive shaft drive axle
 
The rear two-axle car truck. In the foreground, middle axle and driveshaft drive axle
 
Protected module MM-501 frame and panel construction on the fabrication shop floor. The internal dimensions 4440x2220x1450 -1055 mm
 
Protected module MM-501 frame and panel construction on the fabrication shop floor. The internal dimensions 4440x2220x1450 -1055 mm
 
Module MM-501 is installed on the loading platform of the vehicle. It houses 14 soldiers with all personal equipment and weapons
 
Module MM-501 is installed on the loading platform of the vehicle. It houses 14 soldiers with all personal equipment and weapons
 
Prototype of secure module after the firing tests. We only see the dents from falling bullets rifles SVD and AKM
 
Prototype protected module after firing tests. We only see the dents from falling bullets rifles SVD and AKM
 
Swivel on the vehicle frame to allow tilting the cab forward. The ascent is made by a hydraulic cylinder enhanced power
 
Swivel the frame of the vehicle to allow tilting the cab forward. The ascent is made by a hydraulic cylinder enhanced power
 
ASM and MM-501 was held on KAMAZ-5350 extensive tests on bullet-proof durability and protection from shrapnel of hand grenades on range 21 research institutes MO of the Russian Federation (now niits at 3 TSNII MO) in Bronnitsy, in the research test center of armored vehicles (niits BT 3 CRI MO) in Kubinka.
 
The additional protection package is executed from a special armored steel stamps AZ. It consists of an armored cab, protection of fuel tanks, engine, batteries.
 
The cabin is made of all-metal armor in the form of capsules and has a reinforced base, hinged armor panels, windshields and door Windows of multilayered bulletproof Bronislaw glued into the armored frame of loopholes that are built into glass doors. Inside the cabin is covered with a multilayer of Termocom-insulation and vibration-absorbing mastic. The cabin is equipped with a heater with a radiator connected to the engine cooling system. On its roof there is an emergency hatch. Set the cab on the frame using the two front swivel and two rear podrazdelnyh supports with locking mechanisms. Swivel joints allow tilting the cab forward. The ascent is made by a hydraulic cylinder enhanced power.
 
Protected multi-function module is a frame and panel design body style “kung” with rear-hinged doors for entry and exit. Has a viewing window with loopholes – three on the sides and two in the rear doors, two circular escape hatch on the roof. In the interior of the module are suspended Transbaikalia seat. It houses 14 soldiers with all the equipment and personal weapons.
 
And the kit and the module provide the necessary protection of the crew, personnel and installed equipment corresponding to 5-th class of protection GOST R 50963-96. They let their defeat against 7.62 mm bullets with a steel core LPS Degtyarev’s sniper rifle SVD 7.62-mm bullets, steel, SS steel termosistem core TUS to the AKM with a distance of 5 – 10 m. Besides, protect from explosive effects and shrapnel, anti-personnel hand grenades f-1 and shock-remote PRO, including in the case of ground detonation under the vehicle.
 
Module MM-501 and MM-502 differ in only one dimension: their internal length 4980 mm 4440 mm, respectively. Mounting the module on a flatbed truck KAMAZ is 30 min.
 
Trucks KAMAZ-5350 are an example of joint use as multifunctional vehicles in the national economy and in military service.
 
TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PROTECTED MODULE MM-501
 
Curb weight, kg……………………4150
Full weight, kg…………………………….6000
The number of seats, man……………………..14
Internal dimensions, mm:
length……………………………………………..4440
width……………………………………………2220
the height of the center…………………………….1450
height on the sides……………………………1055

 
TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CAR KAMAZ-5350
 
Wheel formula…………………………………………………………………………………………………………6×6
Curb weight, kg……………………………………………………………………………………………………9100
Capacity, kg………………………………………………………………………………………………………6000
Trailer weight, kg………………………………………………………………………………………8000
Wheelbase mm…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..3340+1320
Track mm……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….2050
Clearance, mm……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………390
Outer turning radius, m…………………………………………………………………………………………11,3
Overall dimensions, mm:
dline………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7950
Sirina……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………2550
wysota…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….3190
Dimensions of cargo platform, mm
dline………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………4890
Sirina……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………2470
The height of the sides of the platform, mm………………………………………………………………………………………..750
Engine……………………………………………………….8-cylinder diesel engine KAMAZ – propeller in Assembly 740.30-260,
V-shaped turbocharged liquid-cooled, 260 HP at 2200 R/min
Transmission……………………………………………….KAMAZ-154, manual 10-speed
Transfer box……………………………………..2-speed with differential
The volume of fuel tanks, l………………………………………………………………………………………………300
Fuel consumption, l/100 km…………………………………………………………………………………………………27
The reserve km…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………1090
Maximum speed km/CH……………………………………………………………………………………………100
Shiny……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….425/85 R21
Overcoming obstacles in m:
width RWA………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………0,6
depth Broda…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..1,75
the rise grad…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….31

 
V. TALANOV

Noticed mistape? Highlight it and press Ctrl+Enter, to inform us.

Recommend to read

  • FORD MUSTANGFORD MUSTANG
    One of the most famous cars of the 20th century top five "Great American cars", became the FORD MUSTANG appeared on the market in 1964. The original design combined with powerful 6 - or...
  • Army car GAZ-67BArmy car GAZ-67B
    Urgent need in a very simple and highly reliable AWD vehicle designed for the average command of the red Army, as well as for reconnaissance, communications, and towing light artillery...

Spelling error report

The following text will be sent to our editors: