THE KID FROM BIELSKO BIAŁA

THE KID FROM BIELSKO BIAŁAThe Polish automotive industry there is quite a few years. Serial production of cars started in our country two decades ago. Now we have produced machines of various types, designed for use in various sectors of the economy. Many cars of the Polish people’s Republic, for example, “Warsaw”, “beetle”, “Fiat 125-P”, won wide recognition in many countries.

 
One indication of the successful development of the Polish automotive industry is the production Polish “Fiat 126”. As you can tell by the title, it comes under the license of Italian company “Fiat”. The decision on production was taken in 1971. Based on the Italian model, automakers from my country have done a great job in order to bring it closer to the specific conditions of operation in our climate, at roads with a different covering. Still released a few thousand of such cars, and in the coming years their production should reach 150 thousand
 
It is no exaggeration to say that “Fiat 126П” will be the most popular cars in our country. Its role in the process of motorization taking place in Poland can be compared with the role of the “Trabant” of GDR or a “Zhiguli” in the Soviet Union. The new car will replace the well-known “Fiat-500”, which is produced for many years. This is a true minicar, with the peculiarity that its body fully meets modern safety requirements, and the internal dimensions of the machine allow you to create maximum comfort for four passengers. The size of a small car. Length 3054 mm, width and height of 1377 1335 mm. That is, he looks exactly the same as the “Fiat 500″, but inside seems much more spacious. This is achieved largely thanks to the designers decision to make the body type”, polycomb” and place the engine in the rear of the car. The car body bearing, all-metal, two-door. Doors open in the direction of motion. The trunk is in the front, it houses a spare wheel. It’s a small trunk, its capacity is only about 100 l. But if two passengers can safely use the Luggage under the back seat. The flat roof of the machine allows you to install additional trunk for longer trips.
 
The chassis of the car with the removed body.
 
The chassis of the car with the removed body.
 
Car
 
Car
 
Car “Fiat 126П”
 
The car will look modern and attractive, despite its Spartan decision. Square headlights, powerful lights make the car clearly visible in conditions of intensive traffic. Good glazing of the passenger cabin gives the driver full visibility. Great importance for the modern machines is maneuverability. The new car is able to turn around on the Playground Ø 9.2 m.
 
Noteworthy fixtures provided by the designers of the machine for increased safety. Each seat is equipped with seat belts. Steering column in accordance with the uniform requirements of modern passenger cars is removed at impact, which protects the driver from destruction. Hydraulic brake system prevents the wheels from locking during heavy braking. The machine cost reliable brake drum. The designers have taken care that the most flammable part of the car, the fuel tank was located in the most secure place: for the first time it is placed under the left rear seat. Well, if you are afraid to drive the car, safer http://train.pilot.ua/ on the train.
 
The undercarriage of the vehicle provides smooth movement and fatigue-free journey. Front suspension — wishbone, telescopic shock absorbers reinforced. Rear — coil springs and hydraulic shock absorbers double action.
 
The interior of the car.
 
The interior of the car.

 
Steering wheel and dashboard.
 
Steering wheel and dashboard.
 
The car engine is to the rear over the drive shaft. He is a two-cylinder, four-stroke, with a displacement of 594 cm –3. Despite its small size, it develops at 4800 rpm, power 23 HP, that is 5 HP more than the “Fiat 500”. Maximum torque of 4 kg-m at 3400 rpm compression ratio of 7.5. The camshaft is located below. Air-cooled engine from the centrifugal fan located separately. Carter holds of 2.55 l of oil. It enters the moving parts of a motor using an oil pump driven by the crankshaft.
 
Gear shift has four forward and one reverse gear. The gear lever, as is customary in modern cars, is located on the bottom of the body, the right of the driver.
 
“Fiat 126П” is a good prototype for building models-copies of the internal combustion engine (especially the Temp), motor and radio controlled models. The original shape of the body allow to make it as a method of veclachi on the internal form of ingots and extruded from thin plexiglass. Despite the simplicity of the chassis and the comparative scarcity of the elements finish, well made copy can recruit a sufficient number of points for technical inspection. The experience of the Polish modelers shows that in the trace (scale 1 : 25) “Fiat 126П” very convenient for the passage of steep turns and contractions. Small size and low position of the center of gravity and good flow and relatively low weight of the model will give her a definite advantage over the copies of the cars of the big classes.
 
TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS of the CAR “Fiat-126П”
 
Overall dimensions, mm:
length……………………………………..3054
width……………………………………1377
height…………………………………….1335
base………………………………………..1840
Track, mm:
the front wheels……………………….1142
the rear wheels…………………………..1293
clearance……………………………………135
Turning radius, m……………………4,6
Weight, kg:
empty…………………………………….580
maximum………………………….900
The weight of the payload, kg……………..320
Number of seats………………………….4
Maximum speed, km/h……105
Engine 4-stroke, 2-cylinder
Engine capacity, cm3………………594
Electrical Equipment In……………12

 
E. the FINAL, Warsaw

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