Wonder how good Russian baking! The sweet bread from it, most nourishing soup of it. She and the heat in the house will remain, and herbs for the winter, dried, and pottery, saverchenko on a Potter’s wheel, bring to a merry peal. She and bath, and warm bed. In a word, not a primitive heating device that came to us from ancient times, and as now would tell, a universal unit.
That’s just it takes a miracle-the monster almost half of a peasant’s hut — where here to talk about the cottage or the garden house. And voraciously — one week in the autumn we need to cut, chop Yes, put in stacks of firewood to feed in the cold, his insatiable belly.
And therefore as long as there is a Russian stove, born its competitors — in every country, in every area of their fireplaces and “Dutch”, “lobbies” and “Swede”, our Russian furnace Buslaev, Volkova, Podgorodnikov. Each has many merits… and each is not without drawbacks.
Probably the adherents of the “classical” Russian stove you will find cons and in the design of the “housekeeper”, the detailed drawing of which is given in these pages.
But its advantages — primarily compactness, cheapness of construction and undemanding to quantity and quality of fuel — allow us to recommend oven “housekeeper” to our readers.
Oven (Fig. 1) consists of two main parts: the lower podpeca where the heating chamber, and the top — cooking. Its length is 1400, width 890 and height 2240 mm (at the joints of brickwork with a thickness of 5 mm). “Housekeeper” is heated along the entire height from the floor to the pipe. The temperature difference at the top and bottom is only 2-3°.
Oven can heat, burning wood and cooking chamber (the crucible), and two fire boxes. If you want to cook food, bake bread, bake kindle as a Russian. Do in the warmer time of the year. In the cold use a large firebox: warms up and then the bottom of the oven, and a cooking chamber. Small firebox serves to otaplivaya furnace, cooking and heating food. Oven can be made with a water-heating box 1. The walls in the heating chamber is changed.
In the furnace there are two firebox: 2 small and 3 large with podduvalom and grate bars. Both are located under the hearth and overlap one cast iron 4 stove with two burners. Hot gases are first routed from a small firebox in the big, then into the heating chamber and only out in the cooking. From the large firebox, the hot air is fed directly into the heating chamber. The hearth 6 is open on two sides. To support the masonry peretrubja in the corner, put the metal rack 9. To the bricks of the hearth from the front edge did not stagger and did not drop out, strengthen them by staging a so-called faience 5 length 1200 mm angle steel 25X25X3 mm. the ends of the area vmurovyvayut in the main walls.