The rudder is profiled in cross-section, cut from a Board 10 mm thick. it Is located between the cheeks balarney boxes; the axis of the bolt 8. Back on it the drilled hole to secure Carlina, then it passes through the unit and into the space between balerna box and pen. At the opposite end of Carlina a ring that, when raising the rudder is laid inside the boat.
Sailing rig of the type “Gately sloop”. The area of the main sail — mainsail — approx 10 m2. It went about 18 meters of fabric. I recommend to buy a thin and durable material that has sufficient airtightness. When choosing fabric, use a simple “test”: apply the flap tightly to the lips and blow strongly. You will only fit this fabric, which is practically not blown. This Pillow tick, reps, cloak-tent. Also suitable percale fabric and Bologna. Before we will open the sails all the material is soaked for several hours in water and then dried and smoothed. In the middle of the cloth at full length prostrochite fallow a width of 30 mm. To do this, fold the cloth in half and smoothen the crease iron. Next, having measured from the bend of 30 mm, it is necessary to neaten the seam, and then stitch this line on the sewing machine. Then stitched the bent part, and there are still two lines.
Begin cutting the sails. The length of the first two pieces of 3 m. They are formed by the edges and sewn together, then the seam allowance is folded aside and made another seam.
Fig. 4. Sail Motorboats Yuzhanka:
A — staysail, B — the cave — the first cutting of panels.
Fig. 5. Swiercz (right):
1 — trim, 2, 4 — strap, 3 pen svarca, 5 — weight.
Now spread received double the cloth on the floor and with chalk on the first piece, apply the diagonal (Fig. 4). Then the second piece is lowered perpendicular — it will serve as the axis of the front foot. On the diagonal is cut to 1/3—1/4 of its length from the tack angle, and perpendicular to it is delayed the greatest convexity of the lower luff of about mm. Convexity luff point — circle curve. Cut off the excess material and you are ready to add the rest of the panels of the sail.
Cutting off pieces of material, keep in mind that overlapping of the sheets shall be not less than 50 mm. At a height of 1700 mm from the front (tack) corner is cut length of 50 mm under the jaw. The axis of the upper leech point is located at a distance of 450 mm from the axis of the front foot. The greatest convexity luff point is about 100 mm.
After sostragivaja all panels lay next sail on flat ground, cut all the edges and panel strip of fabric with a width of about 100 mm. Corners of the sail stress — tab on them scarves made of thick material — booty. To Katarina sail is sewn of nylon rope. To sail better keep in shape, it has armor — flexible wooden plate with a thickness of 3 mm, located in latterman. Similar to the grotto cut out n the headsail — staysail.
Of course, the “world” with the sail not sports yacht, she has a fairly large resistance, and when the crew in the four man heavy. But nevertheless it goes pretty well, and I’m sure if you follow my example, you will get tremendous satisfaction from the sails and hopefully completely forget about the motor.
V. CHUPIKOV, Dnepropetrovsk