It can be used for protection of vehicles, equipment of various premises. The “key” to the lock is a combination that is dialed using the three buttons. Easy change of code, the possibility of using two-digit combination that is easy to remember, low voltage power and small size are the main advantages of the proposed design.
The combination lock consists of three functional units (see scheme Fig. 1): time relay (D1.1, D1.2, V2) providing a delay time for a set of code keys (D1—D7) and actuators (V5, V6, K1). A key code consists of shapers of pulses (D1, D2), which eliminates rattling of the contacts of the buttons S2 and S3, the binary counters (D3, D4) decoders (D5, D6) and schema matching (D7), the management of the Executive device, transistor key, V5, V6 with a time delay.
The lock works in the following way. In the initial state, the transistor V2 is closed, a logical “1” output of the element D1.1 is supplied to the gate inputs V1 and V2 decoders and prohibits their work. Therefore, the supply of pulses using the combination of buttons S2 and S3 does not affect the output signal. Since the ka of all the outputs of the decoders D5 D6 there is a logical “1” and the output of the circuit matches D7 is a logic “0”, composite transistor V5, V6 is closed and relay K1 is de-energized.
If you need to open the lock, first press the S1 button timer. At the output of D1.1 RS — flip-flop is set to logical “0” to allow the operation of the Decoder. The output D1.2 is a logical “1” and starts the charge process of the capacitor C1. At this time you must dial the code using the buttons S2 and S3 (charging, determine the values of the chain R7,C1).