I have designed the metal detector works on the principle of beating is generated due to the difference of the oscillation model and tunable oscillators (5-10-th harmonic, selects the nearest frequency). This allows to increase the sensitivity of the instrument to the point that it becomes possible to detect, say, a five-kopeck coin in the soil at 10 cm, and a steel manhole or pipe — to 65-cm depth. Performed on the available element base, a metal detector does not require careful tuning and maintenance. Power supply — galvanic battery “Crown”.
Tunable generator is assembled by the so-called scheme “capacitive Trento key” on the logic elements DD1.1 — DD1.2 domestic IC K561LA7. His oscillating circuit formed by the search coil L1, condensers C2 — C4 and the varicap VD1, supply the required voltage which is provided by a potentiometer R2, which functions as an on setting to a low frequency beating.
The scheme introduced additional transistor VT1. Its purpose is to provide temperature compensation to the varicap VT1. If the manufactured detector was destined to work in favorable conditions with small fluctuations of the ambient temperature, then VT1 can be removed from the device.
Model generator implemented on two logical elements of Z, NOT the chip DD2 (К561ЛА9). The frequency is stabilized by quartz resonator ZQ1 (1 MHz).
And tunable, and model generators available on the buffer cascade (logic element DD1.3 and, accordingly, DD2.3) working on the mixer DD1.4. Allocated in the last signal of the difference frequency supplied to the amplifier (transistor VT2) with emitter follower (VТЗ). Sound indicator of metal detection in soil serves as the capsule Communicator ВF1 from a hearing aid. The voltage regulator provides DА1 “electronics” unchanged In 5, and semiconductor diode VD2 protects it from incorrect polarity when connecting the battery power supply.