Scale model 1:25.
THE JET SYSTEM OF VOLLEY FIRE BM-13 “KATYUSHA” ON THE CHASSIS.
“Katyusha” — the informal collective name mobile rocket launchers BM-8 (82 mm) and BM-13 (132 mm). Such plants are actively used in the USSR during the Second World war.
Back in 1916. combat missile for smokeless powder (the prototype of the later missile) was invented by Ivan Platonovich grave. In 1924. he got on a missile and a charge of patent No. 122. Further work on the creation of rockets on smokeless powder continued until the great Patriotic war.
The development team consisted of Sergei Korolev. In March 1941, were conducted successful field tests of BM-13 with a projectile M-13, and already on June 21 signed a resolution to their mass production. On the night of 30 June 1941 at plant of a name of Komintern in Voronezh was collected the first two combat launchers BM-13. They were originally mounted on chassis ZIS-5, but the use of this chassis was considered a failure and it was replaced by the ZIS-6. Subsequently, BM-13 (BM-13N) was mounted only on Studebaker (Studbacker-US6). Experimental artillery battery of seven machines under the command of captain I. Flerov was first used against the German army at the railway junction town of Orsha on 14 July 1941. The first eight regiments of 36 cars was formed on 8 August 1941. Improved modification of BM-13N was created in 1943 to the end of the Second world war was made about 1800 of such instruments. The range is about 5 km.
The weapon was inaccurate, but very effective when massed use. Important was the emotional effect: during the salvo all missiles were produced almost simultaneously – in just a few seconds territory in the target area literally plowed heavy rockets. In this deafening howl, which lifted the rocket during flight, literally crazy. Those who did not die during attack, often could not resist, as were shell-shocked, stunned, completely mentally depressed. Mobility allows you to quickly change the position and avoid the retaliation of the enemy.
On each machine was a box with explosives and a fuse. In the case of the risk of seizure of equipment by the enemy the crew was required to blow it up and thereby destroy the reactive system.
The name “Katyusha” came from the label “CAT” (“Kostikova automatic thermite”) applied on a rocket with an incendiary filling. And since the emergence of weapons in combat units coincided with the popularity of the song “Katyusha”, he caught the name.
We propose to build a model of the guards mortar BM-13 “Katyusha” on the platform of the Studebaker (Studbacker-US6).