In the early XIX century the French scientist Augustin Jean Fresnel has created an unusual lens, which are not brushed solid piece of glass with a spherical surface, and a set of individual adjacent to each other concentric rings of small thickness, having a cross-sectional shape of the prisms of the special profile. This he achieved small thickness and light weight lenses. Fresnel lens in the past, have found application mainly in large lighting fixtures type marine beacons and today is actively used, for example, in projectors, in viewfinders of cameras and flashbulbs. Small thickness of such a lens allows you to release them in the form of plastic transparent rulers bookmarks, which are usually used by people with low vision read small text.
Remember this lens made me following. All good new mobile phone is almost a computer in your pocket! In addition, he successfully performs the function of the notebook, and the book, which is always at hand. But it is a “carminati” inevitably have to pay by the size of the screen – it is in any case much smaller than even the tiny netbooks. And if in the reading of text files the ability to increase the font, many of the books in PDF are just scanned pages, and then have to put up with very small letters.