MORE ABOUT THE MINI-FARM

MORE ABOUT MINI-FARM“In the journal “modelist-Konstruktor” No. 5 in 1983 we were interested rabbit mini farm inventor I. N. Mikhailov: immediately appreciated the amenities which are incorporated in this design. I would like to have more detailed drawings with explanations” (I. Rudenko, S. Chipenko Kokchetav region). “Seeing the description of the cell, realized that to work much better. I live in a small Fir on Sakhalin and want me to have a lot of rabbits: we turn them over to the state” (E. Hins, the pupil of 8-th class). “Bunk cage — the original and for the breeders lovers of our regional companies. It will attract new comers to participate personally in the fulfillment of Food program” (A. Pletnev, S. El’tsovka, the Altai territory).

Carrying out the wishes of readers, we return today to this subject.
 
The world is full of books on rabbit breeding, many instructions, guides, more scientific works, there are many descriptions of the experience of practitioners. But it is curious that the conclusions and recommendations of them on many issues controversial or not final. Oddly enough, rabbits are still little studied animals. And one of the many misconceptions when they are breeding — simplified approach to the creation of habitat conditions.
 
Take, cells. In most cases, especially in Amateur practice, is just a box somewhere in the corner of the barn. Its function is often reduced to one — to give a four-legged run. Meanwhile, in case of rational approach, the cell must be a high-performance unit for their intensive cultivation, intended for the use of the most effective ways of breeding rabbits. The conditions of detention of animals it should provide normal or slightly higher fertility; without any additional equipment or fattening cages — feeding to implementation (weight 4-5 kg) of each of 10 rabbits from breeding, accommodation at the same time two of kindling of different ages and one of kalikamata.
Cell should be — and automatically! to be cleansed, then it will not be a source of odors and a breeding ground for flies. It should according to the principle of samotorac without human intervention to ensure the supply of the main feed during the week, or even two, as long as possible (but at least 4 days) watering the animals, and if the street is cool, and provide hot drinking water to the body temperature of the rabbit — this alone will allow you to save the feed. As well as a heated barn (not heated room!), will make it possible winter kindling and promote the survival and rapid growth of young rabbits. This should provide beneficial use of the instincts of an animal: to make, for example, the progress in nested branch, similar to the hole in the hole, place the cells at least slightly below the General floor level, and mesh and solid sections of walls positioned so that it was a place to hide from curious eyes. Need some of these cells, which will allow you to work with the kindling that is transparent to the uterus, inspect or separate any rabbit.
 
Fig. 1. Bunk cage for rabbits
 
Fig. 1. Two-tier rabbit Hutch:
 
1 — stand. 2 — lower, uterine layer, 3 — jigging the top tier.
 
Fig. 2. Stand
 
Fig. 2. Stand:
 
1 — frame, 2 — front wall 3 — shaft, 4 — bolt for hatch mine. 5 — shelf, 6 — slurry bunker. 7 — the valve of the hopper 8 strapontin, 9 — box.
 
Here’s a set of requirements were laid in the development of the author of the design, recognized by the invention and received copyright certificate № 782773, and became the basis of the experimental caliciuri in Nevskaya Dubrovka in the Leningrad region. This cage is suitable for breeding and care of rabbits of all breeds in both private and public farms, farms schools, farms, farms, rest houses, etc. the Design of it provides external support the animals in the shedau without walls, and consisting of two rows of cells under a common shed roof. Each cell occupies an area of only 1.4 m2. In its construction, does not require scarce materials or of skilled labor — it can be made in any woodworking shop, and also on their own. One cell need two sheets of plywood, two — meter hard and soft fiberboard, galvanized steel sheet metal roofing, roofing 8 m2, two bundles of fence, four rail, four boards, nails, Yes a coat of paint.
 
The cell is assembled from three separate parts: the base, the lower and upper tiers.
 
The stand has four major stands of timber, which are based on the same stand lower tier, and they, in turn, is the upper.
 
Horizontal frame stand also serves as a support for tool butt and a small booth under the electrical equipment (transformers, heaters) and strofantina — folding benches (for ease of service the upper tier). In front of the shelf is a rectangular hole connecting located below the sealed hopper and tank for excrement from coming here cone shaft. The last upholster with sheets of solid fibreboard or Lotery and cover the top of conventional roofing material or other stainless and water – and frost-resistant sheet material. The remaining parts of the stand — fiberboard, plywood, fence.
 
The lower tier rests on a stand with four uprights connected at the bottom of the power boards section 20 X 100 mm, on which is laid the slats of the floor layer. Basic, backyard, insulated compartment delimited by the partition (coverage hole) with female office employees at the same time also a refuge for rabbits and a convenient trap when inspecting or usadke.
In first office floor is solid, is located 9 cm below the General level of grating layer. The outer wall of the nesting compartment is also insulated. Opening (Western) part serves as both the outer door and shelf-table for kindling. It is a solid panel detail hinged to a horizontal bottom hinged and equipped with a lock for fixing in position.
 
The ceiling of the nesting compartment, as the backyard forms the overlying mine-heat in the upper layer. A manhole in nested branch overlaps the damper-the damper that is inserted from outside the cage, with its front (South) side. When installed in the nesting compartment of the drawer of liquor between it and the rear wall of the niche. So the rabbits weren’t in it, she covered shelf with a width of the sidewall of the bar-racks.
 
Free range office has a slatted floor of the fence, tapping on the power Board and rack frame kombikormov and dung of the window. The cross section of the rails — 20 X 45 mm. the Direction of their deck is not parallel and not perpendicular to the side walls, as in traditional construction, and at an angle of 45° (northeast to southwest). With this arrangement, the rabbits, usually lying parallel to the walls, jumping in a moment of fear, never will break legs. The width of the slits is 18-20 mm. For rodent protection Reiki upholstered bottom a metal strip, for example, from the container.
 
Fig. 3. The lower tier
 
 
Fig. 3. Lower tier:
 
1 — partition drinkers and kombikormov, 2 — a frame of a lower layer, 3 — pitched mine, 4 — mesh wall of the backyard office, 5 — root feeder, 6 — bolt, 7 — Luke mines, 8 — valve manhole, 9 ovary, 10 — door breeding Department, 11 back wall of the nesting compartment, 12 — door drinkers, 13 — kombikorma, 14 — door manger, 15 — lock folding hopper nurseries.

 
Fig. 4. Box female (ovary)
 
Fig. 4. Box female (ovary):
 
1 — hinged wall box, 2 — polik, 3 — heater, 4 — base polycarbonate.
 
On the rear (North) wall of the paddock, close to the nesting compartment located waterers-automatic: enameled bowl upside-down in it (necks) two five-liter cans, tubes in which holes of 1 X 1 cm2. Through them of the water drained into the bowl, and the rest is delayed due to the resulting vacuum until otpit animals water will not bare the lid, then the bowl merges the new portion, to touch the tube.
 
Compartment sizes-drinkers, therefore, depend entirely on the size of the bowls and cans. Its outer door is made of plywood or boards; the inner fence, i.e., the side facing the backyard, the office, it is better to use a thin sheet of metal (bearing in mind that rabbits are rodents; they do not disdain and polyethylene). The soup bowl looks in the paddock only partially, with the other hand through the door it is possible to invest domestic submersible electric kettle (EPM-03/220). To him at an ambient temperature of — 8° is supplied a lower voltage via a transformer, at the same time serving four drinkers. In less cold weather transformers are used in pairs in series connection: each pair by 4 cells or 8 drinkers. The output of the first transformer is connected to the input of the second lowering, the output of which receive the voltage not higher than 73 In — that is supplied to the heaters. At an ambient temperature of +12° all electrical power is turned off.
 
Near the drinking trough on the back wall is kombikorma for granulated feed. In contrast to the section drinkers it is not supported by the floor layer, and its lower part in the window between rails: underneath the slider is a pull-out garbage — metal scoop-a ditch to collect and screen them in the process of eating feed pellets and flour, and scraped paws granules. To reduce this waste, in the feed window is made of a horizontal shelf-sill, preventing paws.
 
On the external side of kombikorma looks like a wedge, after which the top folds up to reveal a hopper for loading feed. Inside there is a sloping grid through which the stern a trifle and flour fall Into the sump-heat exchanger, and the pellets roll down to the stern window of size 100 X 100 mm. Breeder periodically checks the fullness of the heat exchanger and poured the pellets back into the feeder, and flour in a separate bag; thus, the loss of feed is virtually no.
 
To the inclined mesh feeder the lid is lowered the plywood wall with a counter slope, not reaching to the mesh of 60 mm. Through the crack of the pellets roll to feed Baku, and above, a conventional bunker. Windows at the trough three; a greater number is required, even for 12 rabbits. Forming partitions reach the grid.
 
We dwell on kombikorma, because only granulated food (even pork) can ensure the efficiency of growing rabbits. Feeding grain less productive, degranulating feed leads to the death of rabbits due to clogging of the respiratory tract, and attempts to apply various fodder increase labor costs, lead to intestinal diseases, are attracted to the farm of flies. Hay and grass in spite of popular misconception food as such are not as difficult to digest rabbits and is only necessary as additional roughage. For him in the upper and lower tiers arranged in a special trough, which is a composite construction: the door is a nursery with a coarse mesh. Outside she hung on hinges at the bottom edge of the hinged wedge-shaped bunker, in which is laid a bale of hay. If the top cover to make weight and the setting on the hinge inside the bunker, it is their weight will draw the hay to the net.
As you can see, the North side of both tiers is closed from cold winds — this is why it is important to Orient the cage on the ground. The Eastern side of the lower tier of welded mesh with a window not more than 25 mm (netting for this purpose is unsuitable). Here in front (South) corner made by the window for folding root feeders. Its design is simple: half cut on the diagonal, vertical drawer with handle and hinge-joint at the bottom,
 
From the South, front side of lower layer of the floor a square hole of 200X200 mm for the entrance of the truncated cone mine-heat the upper layer, discharging feces and at the same time acting as a ceiling for the lower layer. The window is shifted by 100 mm in the Eastern direction (to the right), which coincides with the position of the window of the mine supports. Due to the fact that the upper tier is 25 cm long, lower right (Eastern) part of the mine ceiling of lower layer beyond its dimensions, forming a ledge, a support for the upper tier.
 
Sloped ceilings are not a problem for rabbit. The square of the same sex even minus the space occupied by the feeder, a drinking bottle and a window mine, quite sufficient for normal function of kalikamata and cultivation to depositing each of the 10 rabbits. By the way, the configuration of the ceiling creates a resemblance to the hole the wild rabbit, especially in the area of the hole in the nesting Department.
 
Front (South) portion consists of insulated walls of the nesting compartments with slot for flaps-view manhole, two triangular pieces of mesh and a door tray of the upper tier.
 
The upper tier can be solved in two variants — basic, and auxiliary equipment, masterbatch, when lots of cells. In the latter case, it is almost identical to the lower layer, only smaller in height and longer.
 
This tier does not have nesting compartments and is divided into two unequal sections kombikormovy and drinker. Are deposited rabbits of the same breeding gender — predominant livestock occupies a large section.
 
Since there is no need to do gender depositing the layer in two levels (as in mother), the power of the Board frame layer, which will form the slatted floors have less cross-section: 20 X 80 mm Slats laid in the same way, but change the direction, perpendicular to the slats of the lower layer, which results in additional rigidity of the whole structure.
 
Fig. 5. The upper tier
 
Fig. 5. Top tier:
 
1 — root feeder, 2 — stoic drinkers. 3 — vent pipe. 4 — wall kombikormov, 5 — cell roof, 6 — door, 7 — manhole shaft, 8, 10 — the doors-kindergarten, 9 — bunker kombikormov, 11 — mesh wall, 12 — the frame of the upper tier.
 
Each of the two sections of the upper tier has its feeder roots and their nursery-door, similar located below (the nursery-door one section more). The same can be said about the drinking bowl and kombikorma. Front (South) wall of our deck has two doors — with mesh, stretched over a frame.
 
Cage design designed for bisnorbiotin feeding and watering, in the end, as experience has shown, is much more economical, but only under the condition of intensive exploitation mini-farm. For males in such conditions require a large load of the playback, and females must constantly lactating to the 21st day following Sucralose; rabbits grow rapidly and are being implemented on a large meat and strong skins already in the 120-130 day from birth (in summer later) with a weight of 4-5 kg. the Device cells, as it forces animals to intensive development, and breeder — to get from the mini-farm the highest profit.
 
Of course, in a short article about the design just will not tell. But you can visit our experimental rabbit or email the address given here; despite the fact that such requests are many, will try to help with drawings (sent cod, price of set of 75 rubles), the consultations provided the opportunity to practically learn the experience directly on the farm.
 
I. MIKHAILOV, inventor, head of experimental rabbit “Nevskaya Dubrovka”

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