Fig. 1. Shovel-hoe:
1 — cropped the canvas digging sharp-rectangular shovel CPL (GOST 19596-87) with modified talakai, 2 — axle Ø 14 mm, 3 — coupler pipe, 4 — lock nut (for continuous operation), 5 — multi-segment water-gas supply pipes, 6 — screws Ø 6 mm, 7 — shaft, 8 is press-fitted into the stub of the finger.
As in the prior art, for rigid fixation of the bayonet in any of three positions is enough to turn the screw coupling until it stops at the corresponding ends of the cheeks.
Older people can recommend another tool. Using it, it is not necessary to continuously “bow” when digging the garden or garden plot. Helps out here, “shod” in rubber “Shoe” thrust stand with a bracket and a special rotating device, made of two sliding relative to each other clips from pipe sections with the appropriate parameters. So the bayonet was easier to bury in the ground, shovel with wooden handle in metal (of the separated tube segment) the holder and has a slightly modified plane of blade.
The basis for the design is, again, shovel CPL. Only the canvas it is not pruned. And to make it deeper and with less resistance were in the ground, not sliding off break roots brushwood on the site, the cutting end it is performed smoothly rounded, and trapezoidal. Moreover, the plane of the blade without affecting the edges of the spade, straighten with a hammer. The resulting rectangular in cross-section of the teeth is sharpened at the angle of 20 degrees and thermoablative to a hardness of 53 HRC 37…uh.
But to make such a shovel — even half the battle. It is important to learn to work. Taking the end of the cutting with the right hand, left leg bury the blade in the ground (at an angle of 70 degrees). Then stalk away … until the moment when he will stand perpendicular to the ground. And then, clutching a resistant stance to the ground, the shovel sharply pull (with rotation). As a result of another portion of the soil itself if thrown forward.
Fig. 2. Rotary shovel resistant resistant:
1 — multi-segment water and gas supply tube pipe arm holder, 2 — arm, 3 — shard, 4 — resistant rack, 5 — bracket, 6 — outer yoke — cut steel seamless tube (GOST 8734-75) with an external diameter of 50 mm and a wall thickness of 2.5 mm, 7 — inner race — a section of pipe (GOST 8734-75) with an outside diameter of 45 mm and a wall thickness of 2.5 mm and 8 screws Ø 6 mm, 9 — digging sharp-rectangular shovel (GOST 19596-87) with a modified canvas, 10 — rubber “Shoe”.
Very comfortable this shovel when digging potatoes, other root crops. Will Zaglebie bayonet at a right angle next to the Bush plants. Then slightly slide the handle on and again sharply pull it forward to the position perpendicular to the ground. Now the left foot, press down hard counter and with a slight turn of the handle, throw the potatoes in the side of the removed row.
Help lightweight rake
Badly needed in the economy and a rake. Over the centuries of its existence, their design has undergone few changes. Modern rakes are essentially the same (for Dahl) “manual harrow consists of a ridge of the whetstone in the yard, through Dirhami, up to 12, in which impacted teeth pegs in the finger, and grabovymi akin to a stick in the height of a man, stuck in the middle of the range.”
However, the wooden rake is now almost never see. Instead, they usually use a welded, metallic. But I, for example, they are not always satisfied. Because the commercially available options are typically heavy. Even with light pressure they immediately deepened into the ground and can break up the surface roots of plants. Because of that I prefer to use a homemade rake, almost archaic wooden structures.
Fig. 3. Rake with tubular mount:
1 — shaft, 2 — screws Ø 4 mm, 3 — multi-segment water-gas supply pipe, 4 — screw Ø 6 mm, 5 — strap 35X40 mm, 6 teeth.