Combat reconnaissance patrol vehicle BRDM-2. This year marks half a century of adopting the Soviet Army armored reconnaissance-patrol car BRDM-2, continues his military service today. The design of the BRDM-2 was started in 1959 in SLE engineering and experimental Department of the Gorky automobile plant. At this time there already have considerable experience in the creation of armored vehicles of light class: in the early 1950s was designed BTR-40 (factory index GAS-40), and in a few years – armored reconnaissance and patrol vehicle BRDM (factory index GAS-40П, letter “P” stands for floating). The latter, in accordance with the new operational-tactical views on the ways of warfare, could without training to overcome water obstacles and trenches, ditches and trenches on the battlefield. This contributed to a sealed wodospadu reinforces the case and additional pull-out rollers.
With the start of series production in 1957. The BRDM was used by reconnaissance units, comparing favorably to the APC-40 its operational mobility. However, during the operation revealed and its weaknesses. In the first place – lack agowarren-ness, amounting to a total of 16 HP/ton, while the military wanted to have a 20 HP/ton But at the time at the disposal of designers there was only a 90-horsepower 6-cylinder engine GAS-40 received a boost in the speed of the GAS-engine 6З, which, in turn, led descended from pre-war engine GAZ-11 (76 HP). To squeeze out of this old motor more power is not possible. Was not entirely successful, and a structural diagram of BRDM inherited from the BTR-40, a direct descendant of whom it was (initially the car was conceived as a floating variant of the BTR-40, as indicated by its factory index – BTR-40П). A layout with a front fire of the carbureted engine made the car vulnerable from frontal fire. Besides, to ensure the required distribution of displacement along the length of the machine the front part had to perform a larger, significantly worsened the review ahead – as the driver and the crew. Weak was recognized and armament – one 7,62-mm machine gun SGMB; fire from him the arrow had to, half leaning out of the armored cabin.