Urgent need in a very simple and highly reliable AWD vehicle designed for the average command of the red Army, as well as for reconnaissance, communications, and towing light artillery systems, have emerged during the Soviet-Finnish armed conflict that took place in severe winter conditions off-road.
At the initiative of RKK gbtu and the people’s Commissariat of medium machine building of the Gorky automobile plant and NACHI was tasked to develop a rough terrain vehicle-towing capacity of 400 kg with an open four-seater body.
– A military vehicle-ATV steel components and assemblies of the first domestic all-wheel drive car GAZ-61-40 and polutorka GAZ-MM. The car body made open, bezdomnym, with three transverse seats.
The prototype of the lightweight vehicle was built on natural Gas in just 51 days, and by the end of 1941 there already released 601, assigned the designation of GAZ-64. The Rover turned out to be quite successful and almost not inferior to a foreign army jeeps.
September 26, 1942, began the modernization of the car. Front and rear tracks of the machine was expanded to a normal truck, enhanced suspension, increased to 54 HP engine power. An improved all-terrain vehicle became have the designation GAZ-67. The first car rolled off the Assembly line on September 23, 1943, and in October started serial production of vehicles, the designation of the GAZ-67B.
All-wheel-drive army car GAZ-67B: -3345 length mm, width – 1720 mm, height with awning – 1690 mm, base -2100 mm gauge – 1449 mm, ground clearance is 227 mm, engine power – 54 HP, top speed 89 km/h.
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