RECENT The family car “MOSKVICH-2140”. The car “Moskvich” 2140 index was put into production in December 1975. Its direct predecessor is called the car “Moskvich-408”, descended from the conveyor of the Moscow plant of small cars (MZMA) in 1964, the exterior of which, so different from a car design index 400, 401, 402, 407 and 403, became the basis for all future models until 1986, when AZLK went from rear-wheel “classics” on the issue of front-wheel drive “Muscovites” index 2141.

We must pay tribute to the designers MZMA, working under the leadership of Alexander Andronov, that when you create 408-go manages to capture the main stylistic tendencies of the international automotive industry, which allowed the car to subsequently endure a number of modifications, virtually does not violate the “geometry” of the power frame body. And among foreign cars of the same age 408th looked quite decent.
The car was produced until 1976, by two domestic factories — the Moscow plant of small cars and Izhevsk machine-building plant. The “Moskvich-408” was produced in the following versions: four-door “Moskvich-408М” (medical), “Moskvich-408Ю” (export tropical), “Moskvich-4083” (export), “Moskvich-408СЭ” (special export), “Moskvich-408П” RH, “Moskvich-408Б” for the disabled with manual control and a five-door “Moskvich-426” station wagon and three-door “Moskvich-433” with a body type van with a payload up to 400 kg.
The car “Moskvich-408” was fitted with engine model “408” with a displacement 1,358 liters, representing a further development of engines models, “407” and “407-D1” vehicle “Moskvich-407 and Moskvich-403”. It was a carbureted four-stroke four-cylinder inline power unit with overhead valves, the capacity of which compared to the previously released models has been increased to 50 HP, and on machines with index “e” (export) — up to 55 HP
In 1967, instead of 408, the conveyor MZMA (from 1968 the enterprise was renamed in AZLK — Automobile plant named after Lenin Komsomol) appeared “Moskvich-412”, whose main difference from the 408 was a new engine 75 HP, designed under the direction of Igor Okunev. Getting started, the designers had carefully studied the advantages and disadvantages of the whole range of modern liter-and-a motors and as a prototype we have chosen the most promising engine of BMW. The production of a new engine model, “412” was posted on the Ufa motor plant. This engine had a cast aluminum alloy crankcase, and a cylinder head, cylinder liners wet type, patiparn the crankshaft and the camshaft with a chain drive located in the cylinder head.
At the same time issued several modifications 412-th, which was “Muscovites” index “412М” (medical) “412Э” (export), “412Ю” (export tropical), “412П” (right-hand drive export), “427” (five-door wagon) and “434” (van with capacity of 0.4 t).
World fame came to the “Moskvich-412” after a series of victories in rally and road racing circuit. In particular, in 1968 in a marathon run the London — Sydney team “Muscovites”, unlike almost all other teams came to the finish line in full force, and in 1970 in the marathon London — Mexico city “Moskvich-412” team took third place.
“Moskvich-408” issue of 1964—the direct predecessor of the car “Moskvich-2140”
Further development of the concept of the 408-th
Further development of the concept of the 408-th”Moskvich—412″ issued in 1967
In 1976 the conveyor AZLK cars came off the fourth — generation four-door sedans “Moskvich-2140” engine “412Э” and “Moskvich-2138” motor “408”. First, respectively, working on gasoline AI-93, and the second — on A-76. It should be noted that these machines had other names — the “Moskvich-1500” and “Moskvich-1360”, where the numbers correspond to the working volume of the engine in cubic centimeters. Was produced in parallel and five-door wagon “Moskvich-2137” engine model “412Э” and “Moskvich-2136” motor model “408”, although the production of these modifications were not so significant share of output.
In personal appearance the family car “2140” differed little from “four hundred and twelve”. However, in fact, it was a brand new car. Front and rear tail of the body, as well as the hood and trunk lid had a different configuration. Was also designed a new grille and rear of the vehicle, is made of black matte plastic. Rectangular lights, a good fit into the same rectangular grille, parts of cars were equipped with wipers. The door handles are made collapsible, made flush with the surface of the body.
On the trunk lid, above the right brake light, installed chrome plate with an embossed inscription of MOSKVICH, but under the right brake light, symmetrically to the white reversing light, fixed chrome plate with a convex 1500 digits denoting engine capacity.
The car
The car “Moskvich-2140” issued in 1975
Diagram of the chassis of the car
Diagram of undercarriage of the car “Moskvich-2140”
Engine model
The engine of the model “412”—his right and left sides
Front axle and suspension of the car Front axle and suspension of the car
Front axle and suspension of the car “Moskvich-2140”
Rear axle and suspension of the car Rear axle and suspension of the car
Rear axle and suspension of the car “Moskvich-2140”

“Moskvich-2140” — the Russian king of the road
In the engine compartment — the engine model,
In the engine compartment — the engine of the model “412”
The dashboard of the car
The dashboard of the car “Moskvich-2140”:
1 control heater; 2—a combination of instrumentation; 3—the switch of a windshield washer pump; 4—the switch of a wiper blade; 5 radio; 6—glove box; 7—the air in the cabin; 8 — the light switch in the cabin; 9—the switch of illumination of devices; 10—the ignition switch; 11—the switch of the heater fan

Front and rear bumpers — chrome, polished, and each was equipped with a pair of then fashionable black plastic “fangs”.
The inner surface of the engine hood is draped in a quilted “blanket” made of synthetic fabric and insulation is reduced the engine noise, but in winter time they were allowed to keep under hood heat.
Inside the body are covered with sound insulation material and, if we were talking about the noise, “Moskvich-2140”, equipped with a new exhaust system with three levels of damping, became quiet.
The dashboard was covered with energy-absorbing black plastic, which in texture resembled the skin. The same plastic finished stove and the Central part of the steering wheel.
Interestingly, the “Moskvich-2140” used a new lighting system, where stop lamps and direction indicators day shone brighter than the night — switch to “night” mode occurred when the headlamps and sidelights. The vehicle has been involved in emergency alarm, which when enabled, all four turn indicator worked in “flashing” mode. Such an alarm is a novelty not only for Moscow but also for the “Zhiguli” of the first edition, although now “hazard” are equipped with absolutely all vehicles.
“Moskvich-2140” was equipped with an upgraded braking system, triple-layer windscreen and new steering wheel is smaller diameter with a larger rim thickness. When examining a car in France was confirmed vehicle compliance with international safety standards, giving the plant the right to display the sign “E” right on the back under the hood of the engine.
Clutch single disc, dry, with Central pressure plate and spring diaphragm type, hydraulically operated.
Transmission — four-speed with synchromesh on all gears (except reverse) and with a floor lever.
Front suspension — spring, demon-pivot, with wishbones, anti-roll bars and telescopic shock absorbers double action.
Rear axle and its gearbox with hypoid gearing is the same for all models and modifications of the new car. Rear suspension — longitudinal semi-elliptic leaf springs.
The same for all versions of “Moskvich-2140” was and wheels with the dimension of the rim of 41 /2J-13 or 5J-1Z and tires for passenger modifications 6.45 — 13 model M-130A or 165/80R 13 model MI-155.
MOSKVICH-2140 SL, export version of the car
MOSKVICH-2140 SL, export version of the car “Moskvich-2140”
Dashboard and controls of the machine with the index SL (super luxury) differed significantly from those packaged with the base model
The dashboard and controls of the machine with the index SL (super luxury) differed significantly from those packaged with the base model
As already noted, the “Moskvich-2140” and its modifications meet the highest domestic and international standards safe operation of vehicles. In particular, in the steering control used collapsible telescopic column with anti-theft device and steering gear with a globoid worm and double roller.
The brake system consists of disk brakes the front wheels and drum rear, equipped with hydraulic drive with completely separate the two circuits and vacuum brake booster. And in the contour of the actuator to the brakes of the rear wheels includes a pressure regulator, which when braking to prevent locking of these wheels relative to the front.
All-metal monocoque with removable front and rear wings welded on is strong and durable enough — of course, with proper care for him.
In August 1988 the production of cars of family “2140” was completed and AZLK started production of a fundamentally different — front wheel drive — car “Moskvich-2141”, thereby putting the point in issue moskovichevskoe rear-wheel “classics”, which started with the release of “Moskvich-400” in the distant 1947.
A lot more rear-wheel drive “Muscovites” and are in excellent condition, faithfully serving their owners. The reason is in excellent maintainability of these vehicles, suggesting a relatively simple disassembly-Assembly of any site by replacement of worn items. In almost beservice the time when the acquisition of the necessary spare parts had unprecedented success, and the opportunity to order her familiar to Turner or the milling — mad profligacy, was crystallized type of car owner-mechanic, which is literally “on the knee” could repair almost any complexity.
All this is slowly disappearing. But today we met on the road one of the rear-wheel drive cars produced by MZMA/AZLK, not without pleasure moskovichevskoe remember the glorious classics.
Main technical characteristics of the car “Moskvich-2140”
Length, mm……………………………………….4250
Width, mm……………………………………1550
Height, mm……………………………………..1480
Base, mm………………………………………….2400
Track front and rear, mm………………1270
The number of seats, man……………………………………5
Self weight, kg……………………..1080
Full weight, kg……………………………..1480
Ground clearance, mm……………………..173
Maximum speed, km/h……………142
Acceleration to 100 km/h, ……………….19
Control fuel consumption
at 80 km/h, l/100 km…………………………8,8
Working volume of engine, l……………..1,48
Maximum power
engine, l/s……………………………………..75
suspension…………independent, spring,
with wishbones and
and telescopic shock absorbers
with telescopic shock absorbers
Fuel tank capacity, l………………..46

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