Japanese HONDA LEGEND edition 2005. Soichiro Honda was born in 1906 and lived a full 85 years, becoming sort of a legend — the same as Henry Ford in America, or Andre Citroen in France. The son of a village blacksmith, and did not receive a diploma engineer, Soichiro Honda became a Professor at several universities, cavalier of the Legion of honor, the highest orders of Japan and many European countries, as well as the gold medal FIA — International Federation of Motorsport.
For a number of reasons in the journal “modelist-Konstruktor” very rarely publishes articles about Japanese cars and their makers. Today we will try to correct the mistake of telling readers about the great industrial Empire Honda, its Creator Soitiro Honda, and one of the best cars Honda Legend edition 2005.
For the first time Soichiro Honda saw the car when I finished school — it was the “Tin Lizzie”, the famous Ford T. according to the memoirs of the master, this event has become iconic for him, the teenager decided that someday he would make the same car…
Closer acquaintance with the car held in 1922, when the father of the future designer and Manager began working as a mechanic in one of the best showrooms of the Tokyo Art Shokai. Initially, Soichiro was listed there as an apprentice, however, assessing the ability of a young person, boss soon appointed him as a mechanic in a racing car Art Daimler, speaking at the event under the auspices of Art Shokai, and then instructed him on creating one of the first Japanese racing car — it had to be gathered mainly from the components produced abroad. So, the chassis was borrowed from American sports car Miller, and the Foundation of the power plant reached 100-strong aircraft engine VS Curtiss. However, the hybrid proved to be quite efficient — on this machine, Honda won its first race Charmens Trophy.
The beginning of the industrial Empire of Soichiro Honda put a 1-strong motorbike And Tour
The first production car of the company Honda was a compact pickup Honda T360 with the engine working volume 360 cm3
The “people’s car” Honda N360, created by the company by order of the Ministry of foreign trade and industry of Japan
The first car of the middle class Honda 1300 was released by the company only in 1969
In 1928, Soichiro Honda has had quite an independent work, he became the head of a branch of the Tokyo motor show Art Shokai with a staff of 15 people, opened in his hometown of Hamamatsu. At the same time Honda was engaged in the invention, and one of his patented designs metal spicemania wheel, used in many Asian countries as a replacement for hardwood, which has earned him a well-deserved dividends. The amount was so significant that Honda was finally able to launch his childhood dream — to creation of own car.
This machine was, of course, a race car — Honda installed it on his Ford V8 engine, forcing it up and equip a supercharger. In 1936, in the first competition he managed to set a national record speed of 120 km/h, however the final race was a sad — Sotira swooped in behind for a circle racer, and his car overturned. The result — a dislocated arm and a broken arm.
The outbreak of the Second world war forced the Honda to restructure the production of automotive components is to organize the production of parts for airplanes. And here Honda has remained true to himself — he constructed a machine for the manufacture of propellers, which allowed to dramatically reduce cycle time in the issuance of this part. Manually skilled worker made the propeller for the week, and with the help of a new machine — only a quarter of an hour.
After the Second world war, the purchasing power of the Japanese plummeted so that to produce at the same expensive cars was unreasonable, no one acquired. The only thing that could afford the impoverished enthusiast, so it’s a motorbike.
My first two-wheeled machine with a 50 CC motor capacity of 1 HP from army generator Honda assembled in 1947, despite the primitive, it proved to be quite reliable and durable. Soon, cheap motorbikes, called A-Type, has won a significant portion of the Japanese market motorcycles, but after the expansion of production at the new Honda factory daily production of about thousands of these mopeds. The issue of motorcycles in the future traditionally made up a significant proportion of the production program of the company. Yes and for auto – and motor-fans of the 1950s and 1960s years, the name Honda was primarily associated with the great Japanese motorcycles.
Proceeds from the sale of motorbikes has been quite sufficient for the deployment of a private automobile production. The first car with the brand of Honda is front-wheel drive compact Roadster Х190 4-cylinder engine working volume of 360 cm3 with a V-shaped arrangement of cylinders, created in 1960 under the leadership of engineer Yoshio Nakamura. Interestingly, the front wheel drive was a chain. For several reasons, constructive, miniature passenger car in the series did not go.
The first production car of the company Honda is not a car, and miniature vans pickup Т360 with a 30-horsepower 4-cylinder engine with the same working volume of 360 cm3. The car, whose length was only three meters, enjoyed great popularity for four years, the company has sold about 100 thousand of these machines.
The HONDA S500 was the name of a sports car-the Roadster edition in 1963 with 4-cylinder, 0.5-liter engine producing 44 HP, develops speed up to 130 km/h. Interestingly, the engine could spin up to quite a motorcycle revs to 10,000 rpm.
The appearance of the compact car Honda N360 was the result of state regulation of the business of large companies — in accordance with the “Plan for the establishment of the people’s car” the Honda firm was ordered to organize the production available for less than 250 thousand yen — passenger car. In 1966 this car was created. Compact four passenger car with the original engine air cooling (its working volume again made all the same 360 cm3) was so popular in Japan that the company had to meet consumer demand to build another plant for its mass production.
In 1969, the company released the first car of the middle class Honda 1300. The machine was equipped with 4-cylinder 95 HP engine air cooling and has enjoyed strong demand in the provinces but in the capital, with its narrow streets, loaded the car did not complain — at low speeds “vent” began to overheat.
In 1970, replaced compact the Honda N360 was introduced with not less compact Honda Z. the Machine is equipped with a 31-strong engine working volume of 0.35 l, for the first time in the history of the company began to reach markets in the US, where it amounted to a tangible competition to the famous “beetle,” in any case, “Japanese” was worth a couple hundred dollars cheaper.
Mini-Z Honda release 1970 with a 2-cylinder engine working volume of 350 cm3
Open car wagon Honda Vamos 1970 sample. Readers of “M-K” will remember a similar machine built in the late 1960-ies Muscovites E. Molchanov and O. Ivchenko. Interestingly, even the motors they were almost identical — motorcycle, 2-cylinder, 350-boiler
The first car called Civic sample 1972 Yuda, intended mainly for export. The car of a Golf class had a very economical and environmentally friendly engine with vortex combustion chamber
II 1981 Honda Accord here. produced in America (Ohio), navoyevat the title of best Japanese car in Europe. The car had a fuel injected 1.8-liter engine, ABS system cruise control automatic transmission and system of levelling
In the same year the company released the original self-propelled chassis with motor 2-cylinder engine called the Honda Vamos, to details like design, created in the late 1960-ies of the Muscovites — a professional designer Eduard Molchanov and engineer O. Ivchenko. The car, dubbed the “Ant”, many readers probably saw in the wonderful movie “the Racers” with the participation of E. Leonov and Oleg Yankovsky in leading roles. However, it is not about priorities, and the trends of the global automotive industry, caught by Japanese and Russian designers.
The first car with the name Civic was manufactured by Honda in 1972. For the first time the company has developed quite a prestigious modern hatchback with a powerful and economical engine, aimed mainly at foreign markets. Sophisticated design and discreet design ensure the machine steady sales for quite a long period.
Since 1976 the company launched a family car, the Accord became the first in a series of machines with the same name. The first Accord was reminiscent of the VW Passat and very successfully competed with them in the foreign market. In the future, the company produced cars with the same name in 1981, 1985 and 1989 it is Interesting that the Accord II from 1983 began to be produced at the plant of Honda located in United States (Ohio). In the United States has also produced Accord IV model in 1989, which became one of the most popular cars in America — its annual production exceeded half a million copies.
The name Legend was first performed in 1990 in relation to the luxury car, which in terms of equipment was superior to many European cars of comparable rank. For the first time in the history of the company the machine was equipped with a V-shaped 6-cylinder engine with working volume of 3.2 liters he developed 204 HP
Honda CR-V 1995 — first SUV of the company with a monocoque body and independent suspension
Luxury car Honda Legend 1998. Executive sedan was powered by a 3.5-liter V6 engine rated at 205 HP
The second Honda Legend appeared in 1998, the new flagship of the company was recognized as the most respectable car in its class. The machine was equipped with a V-shaped 3.5-liter “six” power of 250 HP Inestimable advantage of Executive car was its price — it was at the level of the cost of European models of business class.
And finally, the protagonist of this article — Honda Legend 2005 model that represents the pinnacle of modern automotive technology.
The new machine is literally Packed with devices that help the driver, protecting him, create him a comfortable environment and provide a wide variety of information. Here, the active noise reduction system, and lifting hood with propriotor for the protection of pedestrian during the impact, and the infrared monitor detects the pedestrian in the darkness, and radar cruise control, and Lant-Keeping Assist System that holds the vehicle with the video system within the road marking line . However, in order.
Geometric diagram of the Honda Legend
Car salon is ergonomic and comfortable for the driver and passengers
The newest car company — a respectable Honda Legend 2005 model
The Honda Legend is a four-wheel drive car with so-called active transmission Super Handling All — Wheel Drive. Its basis is the usual front-drive powertrain with the device of the PTO to drive the rear wheels. It is a lightweight (carbon fiber!) driveshaft, ending a planetary gearbox, capable of commands to the electronic device to switch from direct transmission to increase the gear ratio of 0.95. Rear axles — right and left — are powerful multi-disc electromagnetic clutch. If the clutch is off, leading is only the front axle. If both are enabled — both of the bridge. Well, the inclusion of one of the clutches and connecting the relevant wheel to the transmission Overdrive allow him to actively “pulled up” in turn, dramatically improves the vehicle stability when cornering. In the process of driving the computer controlling the transmission, the continuously dispenses efforts in the clutch that allows you to control the car using the steering wheel, but also an alternating torque of the rear wheels. Interestingly, the distribution of traction at the wheels is displayed on a special display in the instrument cluster.
The basis of the power unit — 6-cylinder V-shaped engine capacity of 3.5 liters and power 300 HP, aggregated with five-speed automatic transmission. In addition to automatic, the gearbox has a manual mode.
Rear suspension — spring independent, multilink, with stabilizer. Front suspension independent, spring, double wishbone. Front and rear brakes are disc, ventilated.
The chassis of the car with the system managed all-wheel drive Super Handling All-Wheel Drive (SH-AWD):
1 — automatic transmission with PTO; 2 – engine; 3 — the controller of the powertrain; 4 — longitudinal acceleration sensor, 5 — sensor of the steering angle; 6 — rotation sensor; 7 — carbon-fiber driveshaft; 8 — controller SH-AWD; 9 – the gauge of frequency of rotation of the wheel; 10 — 5адняя the main transfer; 11 — controller stabilization system
A — rear multi-link; B — front double wishbone
The active noise control PA Honda Legend
The car body — steel, with about 50 percent of its items are made of high-strength steels. Parts — of aluminum alloys; including subframes front fenders, hood and trunk lid. Despite the somewhat heavy appearance, the car has an enviable flow, the coefficient of aerodynamic resistance CX is only 0.29!
The interior of the car is very comfortable and spacious — comfortable in it and the driver and passengers. The ignition key as such, for machine not provided: instead, the key card, which before you start the engine you need to insert in the groove slot on the dashboard. And actually start the engine is made with special handle — with apologies to the designers — the same as on the home stove.
Instrument cluster — standard: speedometer, tachometer Yes universal pointer with a variety of information about temperature, fuel, etc.
We have already mentioned the night vision — its monitor is located in the lower part of the windshield, and when it detects a pedestrian on the highway it appears the image of a man and lights up warning symbols. The sensors of the system are two passive infrared cameras, mounted in the front bumper of the car. Images from the two cameras are analyzed by computer, which not only determines the distance to the object, but also highlights the image of a man among the images of other emitters.
Executive all-wheel drive Honda Legend edition 2005 is created using the most modern automotive technologies. The machine is equipped with dozens of devices that help the driver, protecting him and giving him and the passengers comfortable.
Including active noise reduction; infrared monitor that can “see” the pedestrian, even in complete darkness; radar cruise control; the system supporting the vehicle within the road marking line, and much more…
A special comment deserves the climate control in the Honda Legend it is able to adjust their efforts given the machine’s position relative to the sun, which is determined by a GPS navigation system. If the luminary warms starboard, then automatically reduces the temperature of the cooling air in the right half of the cabin, if the sun is on the left, respectively, cools the left side.
It is worth mentioning the system Honda Intelligent Drivers Support, which translated to English sounds like “the intelligent driver’s assistant” Part of it is LKAS (Line-Keeping Assist System), which with the help of the camcorder and the computer is able to keep the car in the center lane. Of course, if the road has a clear line marking. Physically, it allows the driver to hold the wheel up to speed 170 km/h. In conjunction with the active cruise control that can handle the distance to the car in front, the car takes on a kind of autopilot that can significantly ease the driving on long journeys.
Technical characteristics of the car Honda Legend
And another new product used in the new Honda Legend, the system of active noise cancellation in the cabin of the car. Her idea is simple in the extreme: located on the ceiling the microphones capture the noise in the cabin, a special device inverts the sound vibrations and delivers them to the cabin through the powerful speakers of the audio system in Pro-telophase. The result is mutual destruction, fluctuations in cabin noise is reduced by approximately 10 decibels!
In automotive periodicals information appeared about the imminent start of sales of the Honda Legend in Russia. Let’s hope that in 2006, the legendary car from the land of the rising sun Russian motorists will be able to see firsthand.
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