The cars of family UAZ-450 UAZ-452. General offensive on Moscow was deployed by the German command at the end of September 1941. As of October 10, the State Defense Committee adopted a decision on immediate evacuation in the heartland of the industrial enterprises of Moscow, which was the Automobile plant named after Stalin (ZIS), which at that time was headed by I. A. Likhachev. In a very short time, machines, materials and equipment Zisa was able to relocate to the East into the city of Miass, Shadrinsk, Chelyabinsk and Ulyanovsk. And in may 1942 the plant in Ulyanovsk, called Ulises, began the production of trucks ZIS-5V, and the second half of 1943, began to assemble an army of four-wheel drive trucks Studebaker from components supplied to the U.S.S.R. under lend-lease.
After the war, Alesis renamed Ulyanovsk automobile plant (UAZ), but it is, in fact, became only the Assembly shop of the Gorky automobile plant, from the conveyor which went a lorry GAZ-MM. Later, in December 1954, the Gorky automobile plant was transferred to the Ulyanovsk documentation and equipment for the production of the army jeep GAZ-69 – released in Ulyanovsk ATVs was named UAZ-69.
The first independent development of the Ulyanovsk automobile plant became the UAZ-450, designed specifically for rural areas. The story of this machine began in the spring of 1955, when the staff of the chief designer Department of the Oise, led by Ivan Davidov was invited to design the chassis of an army jeep UAZ-69 light truck load capacity 800 kg. Because the wheelbase “jeep” was only 2300 mm, place it on frame platform for the 800 kg of cargo was possible only with the wagon layout of the car. In the same 1955, the year the plant was collected five vehicles-prototypes for testing. By the way, UAZ-450 became the world’s first mass sports car wagon, a flatbed truck on its basis – the first Soviet car with a cabin located above the engine.