F4U CORSAIRIt is believed that his first sortie in world war II Corsair fighter made on 12 February 1943. On this day a dozen of these aircraft from squadron VMF-124 arrived at Henderson airfield and immediately engaged in military work. Twice the aircraft rose into the air to accompany the group patrol bomber PB4Y-2 Privateer, which struck at Japanese ships. Both departure went smoothly thanks to the fact that the Japanese aviation special activity did not show.

Position in the air changed significantly on 14 February, a date in the future went down in history as “the Massacre on Valentine’s day”. The Corsair fighters were again accompanied by the Privateer, but this time the escort was reinforced by fighters R-38 and R-40.
To intercept the group rushed 50 Japanese A6M Zero, which was tied up combat outposts and broke through to the PB4Y-2. The result of air combat shocked the American command – patrol group and the strength of the escort lost two bombers, two F4U-1, four P-38 and two P-40 shooting down with only two fighters. Another Zero has faced in a frontal attack with Corsair. The reason for this defeat was the low level of training of pilots of VMF-124, which took place just a short 20-hour training course.
Pilots of carrier-based aircraft have always been considered more productive compared to land, and their debut was just exemplary.
Unit VF-17 engaged in battle on 28 October 1943. 44 sorties with a small runway on the island of Treasure have been no encounters with enemy fighters. Once Corsair had to use the on-Board weapons. And then, in the situation when the pilot fired at the ground position, trying to cover up a flying boat PBY Catalina, selects a downed American pilot.
“Dogs” armed with a 225-kg bombs, pulled out at the start
November 1 took place the first air battle with Corsair from VF-17. The pilots were set the task to cover the troops landing on the West of the island of Bougainville. F4U flew in two groups of 8 planes. The Japanese threw against Marines 18 D3A dive bombers and 12 Zero. Squadron commander Lieutenant Colonel John Blackburn and his wingman Doug Hutten-Kunst first opened fire from a distance of 460 metres. The queue passed by and started a fight. The Blackburn managed to get behind the A6M and give a volley. Zero, whose fuel tanks did not have a tire exploded, a F4U-1A was able to slip through the fireball of the explosion. Only by a miracle the pieces of Japanese aircraft not touched the Corsair.
Meanwhile, wingman, diving into the clouds, broke away from the pursuing Zero. Back in the thick of the battle Gutenkunst noted that the air is still burning two Japanese fighter. It tried pilots Jim Streig and Tom Killefer. The second group Corsair is also not lagging behind – Roger Hedrick knocked down another Zero, and then the Japanese hastily retreated.
While the F4U was going in the air to return to the base, Blackburn noticed in the distance (he estimates that the distance was about a mile away) some crazy Zero, pursuing the American P-40. Especially not relying on luck, offhand Blackburn aimed and fired a long burst in the direction of the A6M got. The Japanese began to smoke and fell into the jungle. The result of the battle – 5 A6M shot down without loss to themselves.
Every month of fighting such results became more and more. Corsair was demonstrating its superiority in the TWR and speed before the Japanese fighters. Gradually learned to fight and pilots of aircraft of the Marine corps. The main tactic F4U in air battles was the so-called Boom & zoom (the American slang “hit and run”), we it is known as “Falcon punch Pokryshkina”. In the air pilots was trying to take a position with the excess and finding the enemy swooped down on its order of battle. As a rule, the attack was sudden and in most cases effective. The exit was carried out with a sharp climb. With the huge power to weight ratio did not leave the opponent a chance to catch up with the F4U. In the horizontal maneuverable combat fighters Corsair chose not to get involved. Here the advantage were fully on the side of the Japanese.
The squadron commander of VMF-214 Gregory Boyington nicknamed “Grandfather” is considered one of the fathers of the tactic of using fighter Corsair. Possessing a sharp mind and a great sense of humor, it is often used in the air battles of unconventional techniques and even jokes.
Once Boyington built aircraft of his squadron in order of battle, characteristic for the bombers SBD Dauntless, and the air began to discuss the alleged purpose for the bombing. The Japanese sent to intercept the “defenseless” “bombers” several Zero and trapped. Well, if the fighters Corsair VMF-214 is not found in the air of the enemy, the “Father” broadcast on frequency radio stations Japanese fighters and flavoring their speech strong language, started openly to call Charlie to a fight. It’s awful annoying Japanese pilots. Once they contacted the “Grandfather” on the frequency of its radio stations and in decent English asked where he is. Boyington happy to give coordinates, but the height indicated at 1500 m below. When zero arrived to the designated area they were attacked with a Corsair fighter, shot down, according to a report of Bington, 12 cars.
The greatest number of victories in the air at this time has made the pilots of the Corsair from aircraft of the Marine corps. The first place belongs to Lieutenant Robert Hanson, who shot down 25 Japanese planes. The second major Gregory Boyington; he’s got 28 confirmed victories, including 22 – the fighter Corsair. Third place, with 20 wins, shared by Lieutenant Kenneth Walsh and captain Donald Eldridge. The record for pilots of carrier-based aircraft – 17 wins – belongs to Lieutenant Ira Kepford from squadron VF-17.
Their first Japanese planes Ira Kip-Ford was shot down 11 November 1943. In this day deck-based aircraft from three aircraft carriers CV-9 USS Essex, CV-17 “bunker hill” and CVL-22 “independence” went to strike at Rabaul, where the focus of a large Japanese force, designed to conduct antilanding operations on the island of Bougainville. Reconnaissance planes determined the location of the American fleet, then the Japanese Reinosuke Admiral kusaka ordered the airstrike. In the air has risen 27 dive bombers D3A, 14 B5N torpedo bombers, nearly two dozen basic G4M bombers and 67 fighters, the A6M Zero.
To meet this Armada of aircraft carriers up the remaining fighters on duty. In addition to these ships covered the basic Corsair. One of the American pilots found the Japanese planes screamed: “my God, millions of them”. The battle ensued. Japanese Zero spun in the carousel with the F6F Hellcat, and the strike team broke through to the carriers. The sailor with the “bunker hull” described subsequent events: “the Radar detected the bombers “Val” flying into a coherent order of battle “wedge” at a distance of over 18 miles from our ships. At 13:45 we opened fire on them before they went into a dive. Two bombers began to smoke and fell into the water. The rest went into the mode of horizontal flight.
Since then, the sky was dotted with planes and bombs. Bombs exploded in close proximity of each carrier. I remember one “Vee” was coming right at us, then stopped and hung over us like a planet, but continued to increase in size until the bomb was dropped. “It seems that it resets the drop tank,” said one sailor. This “drop tank” exploded near the rail, splashing dirty water standing on the deck of the aircraft with mounted bombs. Other bombers fired at us with strafing, and I cursed these flashing strobe like lights of their aircraft. While we fought with the first group of bombers coming from the nose, another group attacked us from the starboard side. With 13:54 to 14:30 we dived the whole group, then a single aircraft. Anti-aircraft fire of the ships and counter-attack of our fighters have broken the coordination of the enemy planes, and several Japanese bombers were forced to withdraw from the battle. Incredibly, the projectile 40-mm anti-aircraft guns aircraft carrier “independence”, could shoot down falling on this ship is the bomb.
Fighter pilots the Corsair was right in the midst of the battle and did everything I could. Disregarding the danger, they flew into the area of dense anti-aircraft fire and disrupted the Japanese attacks. Ira, Kepford eyes gunners “bunker hill” chased “Val”, when his tail appeared Zero. Not paying attention to fire 20-mm guns of the Japanese fighter guns and anti-aircraft carrier, Kepford brought his attack to the end. He shot down a “Val”, 900 meters from the ship, and the gunners have set fire to Zero. Coming out of the attack, Kepford noticed a six dive bombers and precise bursts destroyed three aircraft, and the rest panicked and fled. The battle lasted for over 40 minutes on the Corsair fighter of Kippford already ran out of ammunition, and the arrow of the gauge was close to zero. Kippford on the radio had asked the carrier “bunker hill” permission to sit down on his deck.
F4U-1 pilot Ira Kepford from squadron VF-17
F4U-1 pilot Ira Kepford from squadron VF-17
Aces of carrier-based aircraft flying in
Aces of carrier-based aircraft flying in “Le Corsaire”. From left to right: Roger Hedrick (9 wins), John Blackburn (11 wins), Ira, Kepford (17 victories)

Maintenance F4U-1 to the airfield
Maintenance F4U-1 on the airfield
The crew of the ship met the hero cheers. The captain of the aircraft carrier John Ballantyne invited Kepford to have a drink with him a Cup of coffee, while equipment will be put in order his F4U. In the tradition of American carrier-based aircraft, it is customary to paint the “other”, not stranded on your ship, different planes with obscene graffiti, but this was a special case. Technical team made F4U gasoline, outfitted it with ammunition and half an hour later sparkling clean Corsair went to their base. This departure of Kepford was awarded the Navy Cross, and his landing on an aircraft carrier went down in history as the first landing of a fighter the Corsair on the deck in a combat situation.
Fighter pilots the Corsair was famous not only for the destruction of the enemy in the air. They successfully smashed the enemy on the ground. 28 August 1943 Alvin Jensen of squadron VMF-124 in adverse weather conditions dropped back and fell from the clouds, appeared over the Japanese airfield Kahili on the island of Bougainville, cluttered with combat aircraft. Down, he made two passes at extremely low altitude, spraying the parked aircraft of guns on Board. Returning to base, Jensen reported the destruction of 15 enemy aircraft. The next day, aerial reconnaissance said the data proved that the Japanese lost 24 aircraft. Well, Jensen was awarded the Navy Cross.
The ability of the F4U Corsair to carry a respectable bomb load and its powerful built-in equipment allow to solve tasks for fire support of ground units. During the war they flew some 10,000 sorties. Dive on the enemy Corsair issued a sharp specific sound that emitted large air intakes in the wing roots. For this feature of Japanese infantry was nicknamed the F4U “whistling death.”
In the spring of 1944 the Navy had removed all restrictions on the basing of the F4U Corsair on aircraft carriers. Re-started the carrier-based squadrons of the new aircraft, and by 1945 the ships were based have 10 squadrons of Corsair.
During this period, Japan had already lost the initiative in the war in the Pacific. Gradually, the Japanese Navy began to affect the lack of combat aircraft and qualified pilots. One of the ways to counter the growing military power of the Americans was to organize a suicidal ramming strikes combat aircraft of American ships. Subsequently, the Japanese pilots suicide bombers called “kamikaze” (Japanese – “wind of the gods”).
The first massive use of the tactics of “kamikaze” recorded during the battle of the Philippine Islands (10.1944 -09.1945 G. G.), when the Americans lost 132 of the ship. The main aim of the attacks of the kamikazes were aircraft carriers, but their strong defense is not always allowed to break to the desired goal, then the pilot of the bomber chose a less protected vehicle. Particularly suffered from the “kamikaze” destroyer radar picket, which the Americans had put away from the order of the main forces for the early detection of the Japanese planes.
The closer the American forces to the Japanese home Islands resistance and fanaticism of the enemy increased. The end of the war expected no earlier than 1946, and projected losses from the United States during the landing in Japan has millions of soldiers. In addition to these disappointing forecasts, the specific concern was intelligence reports on the development of enemy missiles, bombers upravlyaemykh.
It was about the aircraft-missile “Oka” (Japanese “cherry blossom”) of the powder with three engines and a warhead weighing 1200 kg. To the launch site, within a 50 – 80 km from the target, “oku” has taken в4М bomber “Betty”. At an altitude of about 8000 m Oka separated from the carrier and the pilot of the bomber, including engines, were closer to the target. In the range of 4 to 5 miles to the pilot translated “oku” into a dive and fell on purpose. To intercept flying “oku” was virtually impossible.
To counter the “kamikaze” the us Navy needed a interceptor that is optimized for action at low altitudes, with great speed and rate of climb.
The development of new aircraft required a lot of time, and in the Bureau of aviation of the fleet decided to choose the characteristics of any fighter of an already built experimental aircraft. The choice of the military stayed on the modification of the fighter Corsair – F4U-1WM with the Pratt & Whitney engine XR4360, representing the four “star” with a capacity of 3000 p. S. the Resulting excess power of 800 HP, compared to the production Corsair, promised unprecedented flight characteristics.
The first prototype aircraft was transferred to Goodyear Akron (Ohio) for testing and future production. The contract provided for the construction of 418 aircraft in two versions: F2G-1-for the marine corps and F2G-2 for carrier-based aircraft. Production aircraft firm Goodyear was to deliver before the end of 1944 .
Doodlebug “Eye” for suicide pilots
F2G-1 SuperCorsair
F2G-1 SuperCorsair
Fighter F4U-4B from squadron VF-884 fly over the aircraft carrier CV-Wahag. The war in Korea, 1951
Fighter F4U-4B from squadron VF-884 fly over the aircraft carrier CV-Wahag. The war in Korea, 1951
F4U-4B on the deck of the aircraft carrier CV-45 Valley Forge. Winter, 1951
F4U-4B on the deck of the aircraft carrier CV-45 Valley Forge. Winter 1951
Difficulties with fine-tuning and production of the engine on the R4360 Pratt & Whitney arrested the flight of the first prototype of the XF2G-1 until the end of summer 1944. Only on 26 August 1944, test pilot don Armstrong flew on the first experimental sample XF2G-1. The pilot struck a power plant, but large changes in the design of the BOW worsened directional stability, especially at low speeds. The designers managed to partially overcome the problem by increasing the height of the keel of 305 mm and to installing in the resulting gap between the bottom of the rudder and a fuselage the additional section of the rudder. A new section has started to operate simultaneously with the release of the flaps when landing. But these improvements were only pre-production aircraft and the first prototype flew with the usual keel of the F4U.
During the tests the car has received the informal name – SuperCorsair.
The only drawback of the classic fighter is the Corsair, which the designers managed to eliminate completely is a bad view from the cockpit. Starting with the third prototype XF2G-1 on the machine began to put a canopy of the fighter P-47D Thunderbolt. Total built four prototypes SuperCorsair.
The first production aircraft F2G-1 out of the Assembly shop July 15, 1945. But the Navy lost interest in the fighter. The effectiveness of kamikaze decreased, and the most dangerous flying bombs of the type “Eye” was seldom used – the Japanese did not have enough carriers. Even if G4M and flying, they are usually intercepted before the launch of “cherry flowers”. The Navy has reduced its order for F2G first to 63 and then to 18 fighters. In may 1945 year contract with Goodyear was completely removed – it was only built 10 aircraft.
After the Second world war in America is gradually beginning to stabilise. People went back to their normal peaceful activities and entertainment. The organizers of the National air races Thompson also decided to resume the competitions and have planned for them in Cleveland in 1946. During the war none of the former participants in these races (and the race was held in Cleveland in 1929) the special aircraft has been developed. The participants decided to use conventional military fighters. Withdrawals of weapons reservation, formirovalis engines and improved aerodynamics.
On the first post-war race the honor of the Navy defended a former pilot of deck aircraft of cook Cleland. He was flying a fighter FG-1D Corsair with the hull number 92. Unfortunately, he got only the sixth place. The prize was taken by the test pilot of Bell Alvin Johnston to disperse his Aircobra to 600,2 km/h.
Frustrated American Admiral Halsey, the legendary commander of the 7th fleet in the Pacific, asked Cleland: “What do you want to win?” Cook replied very briefly: “F2G, sir.”
No wonder Admiral Halsey received during the war, the nickname “Buffalo”, for his perseverance and ability to achieve goals. After a few days at the disposal of Cleland sent three fighter F2G. Pilots of two other SuperCorsair became test pilot of the Navy dick Becker and the pilot of the Navy reserve Tony Janazzo. To increase the maximum flight speed machines carefully plastered and zapolirovat the joints and skin, and fixed the flaps in the retracted position.
The next races in 1947 the immense power of the R4360 engines installed on the aircraft did their job. On the Cleland F2G-2 with hull number 74 won the race, showing the speed 637,2 km/h. dick Becker’s F2G on-1, number 94 took second place. Unfortunately, the joy of this victory was marred by the death of Tony Janazzo. His fighter with the number 84 flew for more than half of the program suddenly crashed into the ground. The true cause of the tragedy to install and failed. All the experts were of the opinion that the pilot was poisoned with exhaust gases of the engine and lost consciousness.
For the race the following year Cleland was planning a new, more impressive win. He wanted to win all three prizes. While the main emphasis is on the new fuel F2G – triptan.
Triptan, or trimethylbutane (first name appeared only in 1943) were obtained in Belgium in 1922, but in large quantity it was to make a Shell just after the war. This fuel can truly be considered unique. Tests have shown the increase of power operating on tryptone engine almost in half. New fuel, is absolutely not prone to detonation, you can compare with gasoline, the octane number reaches 300 units. Only a broad introduction to aircraft jet engines stopped using triptan as the primary fuel for aviation piston engines.
But triptan not helped SuperCorsair to win the coveted victory – Cleland and Becker had to retire due to problems with engine cooling. And this time the prize was taken by the pilot of the air force Anson Johnson a fighter plane Mustang.
In 1949, Cleland again took to the stage and his team again, there was a third pilot on a private F2G-1 was the test pilot of the Navy Ron Puckett. All three machines have shown excellent results. Cook Cleland on the plane with the number 94 ranked first (speed muah 638.8 km/h), Ron Phuket (tail number of his plane 18) received second and third place went to Ben Mckillen the fighter F2G with the number 57. Thus, cook Cleland became the first post-war pilot, winning races at Thompson twice. His plane with the number 94 was in the Cleveland airport until the Museum in Crawford bought it the engine and propeller. After that, the glider salopeta gave the fire brigade of airport for training. Fire it burned and melted remnants of the plane buried in the dump of the airport. In 1950, the next race was postponed and then cancelled due to the outbreak of the Korean war.
Another war for fighters Corsair began at 6.00 am on 3 July 1950. 16 fighter F4U-4 squadron VF-54 in the strike group aircraft carrier “valley forge” attacked Pyongyang airfield. Being in the second wave of attack, fighter Corsair approached the airfield when the hangar, and the runway has already been destroyed. Their blow fell on the surviving enemy planes. In the reports of the pilots returning to the aircraft carriers, reported the destruction and damage 38 27 aircraft of various types. A little less North Korean trucks destroyed fighters from the English aircraft carrier “Triumph”, which finished “processing” the airfield at Haeju at 8.15 am.
Thus, for three hours, the aircraft of North Korea, there are about 110 aircraft, ceased to exist. Due to strikes of carrier-based aircraft, the Americans lossless gained complete supremacy in the air and held it before the advent of the MiG-15. During July, the F4U flew at the call of the land forces, restraining the advancing of the enemy.
A typical set of weapons fighter Corsair in such departures were 800 shells to the guns, one 450-kg bombs and eight 12-mm HVAR rockets. These weapons were successfully used to strike at clusters of manpower, human settlements and transport, but against T-34 tanks, they were powerless. “Thirty” was “too tough” even to ground units. The main antitank weapon of the infantry – 60-mm grenade “Bazooka” – did not break through tank armor. And only after adopting the aircraft fleet 165-mm NUR RAM with heat warhead naval aircraft to fight effectively against tanks. All modifications on the Corsair hung on eight new missiles.
F4U-4B from squadron VF-113 landing on the deck of the aircraft carrier CV-47 Philippine Sea
F4U-4B from squadron VF-113 landing on the deck of the aircraft carrier CV-47 Philippine Sea
In early August 1950 over the Korean Peninsula appeared a Corsair fighters belonging to the squadron VMF-214 and VMF-232 aircraft of the marine Corps. At that time Americans did not have land-based airfields, and planes flying from escort carriers, the “Sicily” and “Badoing Straight”.
The most productive day for the pilots of the Corsair began on August 10. On this day, the vanguard of Marines overtook a column of the retreating enemy. Advanced air controllers called Corsair fighters and two passes F4U destroyed 20 trucks and scattered the enemy infantry. The suitable parts of the marine corps captured serviceable vehicles and other equipment of Koreans.
28 days Aug fighter Corsair made 1359 sorties. The effectiveness of their strikes was so high that North Korean troops almost completely abandoned actions in the daytime. The retreating columns of troops began to move only at night. To achieve such results helped clear interaction between the ground forces and pilots. Targeting the aircraft was carried out by advanced group guidance, personally trained pilots. In each marine infantry battalion there was one such group. During the fighting often happened so that the two squadrons of F4U (48 machines) supported by one of the advancing battalion! For comparison we can recall that during the Second world war approximately the same number of airplanes had one division fighting in Europe.
Such a concentration of forces of aviation is fully consistent with the views of the Navy command for close air support of ground troops. In this position of the sailors was very different from the views of representatives of the air force, which made a major bet on a strategic air strikes on the enemy’s infrastructure. And if the aircraft and provided direct support, fighter-bombers struck at targets located a few kilometres from the front line, while “dogs” and “Skyraider” Navy destroyed targets in 50 – 200 m from the front edge of his troops. So the army more than willingly cooperated with naval aviation, than with the air force.
During the Korean war aircraft of the marine corps has experienced persistent difficulties in the supply of fuel and ammunition, so fighters sometimes had to function as a transport aircraft.
After the capture of Wonsan from Japan to the nearby airfield relocated 12 group aircraft of the marine corps. Sea port were mined and transport aircraft C-119 is engaged in transportation of property and fuel. So bombs and rockets had to be transported by hanging them under the night fighter F4U-5N. This method was used for 12 days, while there was a clearance port.
Carrier-based Corsair took an active part, strongly assisting minesweepers in their risky work. One day, loitering in the Bay area, a pair of F4U saved from certain death two trawlers that came too close to shore and were in the zone of fire of the shore batteries. Cooking the North Koreans was out their guns out of the cave, said the observers. Immediately alerted F4U covered the exit with rockets HVAR. The destruction of the guns took 2-3 minutes, and minesweepers quietly continued to work.
After entering the war, China’s status of us troops has sharply deteriorated. On the night of 27 November 1950 the 1st marine division encircled six Chinese divisions. Command ignored reports of pilots who saw “a thousand footprints in the snow” to the North and West of the advancing division of Marines. 30 Nov Corsair fighters of the 1st wing of the ILC saved surrounded, preventing the powerful attack of the enemy. Time seeing about 2,000 Chinese soldiers, planes, dive bombs pelted them with bombs and tanks of Napalm. But the surviving Chinese again went on the attack. Then four F4UB Corsair dropped a Napalm on them, hitting straight into the ranks of the attackers. The second approach F4U-4B forced the enemy randomly fled breaks 20-mm shells.
In early December surrounded by Marines decided to make my way to the sea. They had to go through fighting more than 100 km Over the column of Marines was constantly 40 to 60 aircraft from the aircraft carriers “Sicily”, “Badoing Straight” “leute” and “Philippines sea”. For precision guidance of aircraft and ensure uninterrupted radio contact with the convoy in a mountainous area used converted into the headquarters of the transport aircraft C-54 Skimaster October 6, he began to escort columns of troops, while maintaining the connection of the shock aircraft, becoming the prototype of modern aircraft command and control guidance.
A few hours after the appearance in the air is 54, the column ran into an ambush of mortar. Flying on specified land area, the crew of the C-54 has determined the coordinates of the target and sent her 18 F4U Corsair and 8 Skirrfider from the aircraft carrier “Leyte First link F4U was hit by enemy R katami and bombs. Second, saving ammunition, swooped down from the height of 2,700 m, firing guns and fighting alternating visits to the target idle speed is psychological. Action F4U was given to the Marines to gather forces, and they responded with mortar fire. Using the fact that the Corsair fighter planes swooped down in the direction of the target, Mortar used the tail Assembly of an airplane as a point of pickup. Mina had time to fly out of the barrel before the next Corsair, and its trajectory passed over the aircraft out of the dive. After a few hours the column moved on.
In the most critical day – December 4, naval aircraft made 239 sorties, of which 111 – F4U Corsair. The evening of 9 December advanced parts saved of the column I went to the sea and began loading on ships.
All summer 1951 F4U Corsair was hunting for cars in the area of the 38th parallel. Day fighters worked in the daytime, and after sunset flew night fighter F4U-5N that was discovered convoys of the enemy, using his radar.
Hunting for cars was a dangerous job. Very often the pilots ambushed the Korean anti-aircraft gunners, “buying” different kinds of bait. First was the radio transmitting broadcast distress signals or false information. But become careful when American pilots started to request the radio operators call sign, the Koreans stopped using this technique. An inexperienced pilot could easily catch on hung on trees, the American parachute more experienced were often two layouts of warehouses, clusters of machines, etc. In two months using these techniques, the Koreans managed to shoot down F4U 39.
With each passing month of the war the air defense of North Korean troops increased and the loss of American aircraft grew.
The MiG-15 is rarely found in the air with the F4U Corsair. But if that happened, then the outcome of the battle was not a foregone conclusion. So, on 10 September 1952, a couple of F4U-5N was intercepted by five MiG-15. Flying at low altitude, the pilots noticed “MiGs”. Radakovici, they imposed on the fight to them on the bends. Captain Jesse Folmar, going into a sharp turn, shot out of cannons the nearest MiG, but lost sight of his friend, who, trying to break away from persecution, came under fire of another MiG-15 and exploded.
Of course, in combat with a jet fighter F4U pilots find it difficult to exercise their advantage in maneuver, but when meeting with piston aircraft Corsair demonstrated a complete superiority. Especially distinguished in these air battles Lieutenant guy P. Bordelon flew the night fighter F4U-5N Corsair. Just a couple of weeks he privates of the Navy pilot turned into the ACE of naval aviation in the Korean war. Squadron VC-3, where he arrived in Korea, flying from the aircraft carrier Princeton. This ship was designated by the Navy for actions only at night.
In their night raids the Chinese and North Koreans used the Soviet Yak-11, Yak-18 and Po-2, La-9 and La-11. The main protection of these machines was their low speed. Jet interceptors often do not have time to slow down and aim. The pilots of the F4U Corsair was in a much better position and the chance to win the battle with slow-moving enemy, it was, on the night of June 29, 1953, Bordelon, using on-Board radar detected a North Korean Yak-18 and shot him. Over the next two weeks he managed to shoot down two Yak-18 and two La-9.
The successful operation of the naval aviation called the representatives of the United States air force a genuine interest in tactics that use marine pilots. Moreover, frequent cases of dumping bombs on their own troops with planes the air force has undermined the confidence of the high command in the capacity of staff of the air army control in the air with their planes. Specifically for members of the force were organized demonstration of carrier-based aircraft attack on targets in the vicinity of one of the settlements. 22 November 1952 and Skiraider Corsair from aircraft carriers “Essex” and the “Kearsarge” in the presence of air force generals put 90 percent of the bombs exactly at the target located a few hundred meters of the American positions. Planes destroyed 7 guns, 10 of the 25 bunkers and dugouts of the enemy.
In the final months of the war aircraft Corsair continued to “bother” the front line of defense precise and sudden attacks. Continued raids on industrial facilities. Their last combat missions F4U Corsair, made may 27, 1953.
The Corsair fighters were the most mass combat aircraft naval forces of the United States in the Korean war. Only carrier-based aircraft, there were 26 squadrons in four different versions, while “Skyraider” was picked only 14 squadrons. Even the Panther was inferior to the jet fighters Corsair in numbers.
Night fighter F4U-5N
Night fighter F4U-5N
Forced use of the F4U fighter in an attack aircraft showed the presence of the machine of many hidden structural reserves, which were used by the engineers improve the aircraft during the Korean war. Giving the fighter features specific to the attack (increased bookings, a large number of suspension units, appropriate equipment, etc.) adversely affected the flight characteristics of the aircraft. But despite this “Corsair-attack” demonstrated higher efficiency than the attack aircraft of the air force of North Korea – a Soviet plane Il-10.
In subsequent years, aircraft Corsair occasionally took part in the fighting.
In the fall of 1953 24 of the Corsair attack aircraft squadron VMA-211 was delivered to French troops who fought in Vietnam. Most of these cars are in a failed state. 18 APR 1954 American attack planes were unloaded at the port of Annam. Two days of hard work the technical staff managed to put into operation only 16 aircraft. On 25 April they began to perform combat missions, supporting the defenders of Dien bien Phu. Despite the heroic efforts of the pilots, on 7 March, the French garrison surrendered. But the air operation continued until March 20. The intensity of the use of the French Corsair attack aircraft can be judged by the statistics of the sorties. Over the 11 weeks of fighting these machines flew 1235 hours, dropping 700 tons of bombs, fired 300 NUR HVAR and 70,000 rounds. Six aircraft were lost, killing two pilots.
In October 1956, the French used their F4U-7 Corsair for attacks on ground targets during the Suez crisis.
Until 1962, F4U-7 was used in Algeria. They are assigned the task of supporting troops with air support of helicopters during landing and search-and-rescue operations. In the autumn of 1964 Corsair fighters started to withdraw from service. In their place came a jet machine F-8FN Crusader and Etendard IVM. The last flight French F4U-7Corsair was held on 28 September 1964.
In 1969, the Corsair was used during the “two week war” between El Salvador and Honduras. The last combat Corsair flew in the air force of El Salvador. In 1971 they were replaced by jet fighters F-86 Sabre.

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