“TEREMOK” BITTER

Houses of this design are popular with gardeners, they are simple and affordable to build; a set of materials required for each, cheap enough; moreover, this two-storey cottage has a very original and attractive appearance.

Garden house “Teremok” consists of two rooms and a kitchen; furthermore, a veranda, a loggia, pantry. It was built from abundant building materials. The Windows in the rooms are wide, offering plenty of light and give a good overview of the garden.
 
Garden house
The figures in the picture marked with:
1 — lifting the veranda, 2 — overhang, a 3 — fencing the loggia, 4 — roof, 5 — a ridge Board, 6 — fencing the hatch in the floor of the attic, 7 — door, 8 — staircase 9 — wall pantry, 10 — loggia, 11 — fencing of the veranda.
The first floor has a room of 15 m2, kitchen of 4 m2 and stairs to the loft area of 12 m2; there is a small storage room (2 m2) formed by the wall of the hallway and the roof. The entrance to it can be done from the hallway and outside, with veranda.
 
Foundation. Its design depends on the terrain and properties of soil. The “Teremok” the Foundation is made of columnar type. For its production can be applied to a variety of materials: annealed or tarred wooden posts, bricks, concrete, rubble stone, metal pipe, asbestos-cement pipe with a filler, etc.
 
In our version used the old sewer pipe Ø 100 mm and a length of 1200-1500 mm.
 
Selected for the Foundation of the station is marked according to figure 1. In scheduled areas under the supports and wells are drilled to a depth of 700-800 mm (hand auger Ø 100 mm can be bought in hardware stores).
 
At the perimeter of the Foundation pegs are driven, and the level stretches a cord at a height of 300 mm from the ground (if the site is on a slope, then count from the highest place). In the prepared holes down the pipe and aligned in a horizontal plane with the bedding gravel.
 
After alignment of all pipes being prepared and concrete poured into them by 300-400 mm (3-4 shovels of concrete in each tube) to increase the area of support.
 
As support beams in our case, used pipe Ø 100 mm, which are attached to the posts three-millimeter annealed steel wire.
 
Pier Foundation of the garden shed.
Pier Foundation garden shed:
1 — pillars (rough Ø 100 mm), 2 — bearing girders (steel pipe Ø 100 mm), 3 — concrete M100, 4 — masonry, 5 — waterproofing (two layers of roofing material), 6 — a mortgage item, 7 — bearing girder (wooden beam section 50h150 mm).
 
If the Foundation is made of concrete pillows, they are laid in columns of red brick, and the top — waterproofing of two layers of roofing material, which is impregnated bearing girders are placed 150 mm in height — there will be based on the frame of the house.
 
The frame is made of bars section 150X50 and a length of up to 4.5 m Of them collect seven frames constituting the frame of the house. In the three frames that form the facade, reinforcing bars, which are attached to window and door frames. The other four have the same design. Each frame is collected at the land pattern.
 
The next operation is the Assembly house. Prepare the material for the sheathing of side walls and choosing windless weather (which is important), on the supporting girders are set the first frame in a vertical position and temporarily attach it using the props. Then similarly install the other at the same distance from each other; they are aligned and fastened together in the ridge Board.
 
The next step is to obreshetina frame cottages. Crates can be used unedged boards that are nailed to the planks of the framework. Boards nailed with a space from each other in 200-300 mm, which does not affect the strength of the structure and is convenient when using, as the crate will act as a ladder.
 
Board sheathing released over the last frame of not less than 300 mm. Then the overhangs sheathing nailed bars of the same thickness used for attaching the decorative lining; it closes with the lower (visible) side of the Board sheathing. The lining must be performed from customized computer boards or slats.
 
Detail of the staircase and the kitchen.
Detail of the staircase and the kitchen:
1 — divider kitchen, 2 stairs, 3 — fencing the hatch.
 
The frame of a garden small house.
Frame of garden house:
1 — the load-bearing beams, 2 — beam sloping walls, the 3 — bars Windows, 4 — floor beam first floor, 5 — floor beam attic, 6 — rafters, 7 — blocks and door blocks, 8 — lower beam of the frame, 9 — a ridge Board.
I — frame of the main facade II — model intermediate frame III frame the facade of the loggia, IV — frame of the rear facade.
Garden house.
Garden house (A — layout. B — facade 1-4):
a — living room b — kitchen, — pantry, g — room in the attic, d — loggia (2 m2).

 
You can then proceed to the roof.
 

Roof. The roof and walls of the villas in our case, covered with slate, but can be applied with a variety of roofing material: black or galvanized steel sheets, tiles, planks etc.

 

Slate has a number of advantages — they are durable, cheap, not too hot in the sun, it can be easily obtained. Each slope of the roof of the house covered with slate in a row.

 

Below the junction of roof and wall in winter, blew snow, the upper part of the house covered by plastic film for greenhouses. The tape can be mounted ordinary stationery buttons. On top of the film and fit the slate. Slate is attached with nails with big heads (slate nails) if there are none, then you can ordinary, washers and rubber gaskets.

 

Wall. Their slate veneer can be produced in two ways — vrazbezhku, when the longitudinal edges are in different places, or overlapping edges along the entire length. The last coating is considered to be more beautiful.

 

When covered vrazbezhku sheets are placed in the following sequence. At a distance of 60-70 mm below sheathing laid horizontally strengthen the Board, allowing you to style the first row. The sheets are placed with an overlap of one wave and then attach the slate nails, pre-drilled in the slate under them apertures. Similarly fit the remaining rows. You must calculate the layout of the roof, in this case, the gap junction will be minimal.

 

Coating with a combination of longitudinal edges requires the mandatory preparation of the sheets, consisting in cutting off angles. Depending on the magnitude of overlap sheets is determined, and the dimensions of the shear angles. A specific example of stacking overlapping longitudinal edges shown in the figure. The prepared sheets are placed in the following sequence. Exactly the cord, put a sheet marked with the number 1, and beat it with the left hand; then it successively stacked sheets, labeled number 2. These leaves should overlap the edge of the underlying sheet with all your cut angle. Next, stack the second row, starting from worksheet 3, etc.

 

Preparation and layout of corrugated asbestos-cement sheets for covering.

Preparation and layout of corrugated asbestos-cement sheets for covering (A preparation of leaves with cut corners, the B order of stacking):

1 horizontal direction 2 vertical direction.

 

The Windows and doors. After the house covered, proceed to mounting and fitting Windows and doors. They can be ordered in the carpentry shop for you have prepared sketches or, if you have skills in carpentry work, to make yourself. The size of the Windows and doors shown on the drawings.

 

Floor and from drevesnostruzhechnoj plates (DSP) first grade. To do this, pre-manufactured subfloor made of boards of equal thickness, which attaches to the bases of the frames. Black floor boards are placed with a gap of 100-150 mm. Then it stacked chipboard (pre-prooliflennye) and are attached to the black carpet nails.

 

It is possible to make floors from shpuntovannyh boards or planks sexual. The floor planks can be coated hardboard fiberboard that gives it after painting the solidity.

 

Stairs to the loft. Then proceed to the manufacturing steps. Methods of manufacture and design many times were published in the journal “modelist-Konstruktor” (see # 5 in 1987).

The ladder rests on the beam overlap of the fourth frame. In a beam overlap of the third frame to cut part of the timber to the width of the stairs and nail the two beams of the same section between the middle beams of the second and fourth frame; they also fasten the cut ends of the third beams of the frame forming the hatch on the second floor.

 

The top floor is made similarly to the floor of the first floor. The loggia floor is spreading from TES. It needs to be executed with a slight slope outwards to drain rain water. On top of the boards in our case made the cover of the loggia galvanized roofing iron. The edges of roofing iron are folded for 50 mm and nailed to the walls of the loggia.

 

Now you need to make it a fence. It can be as wood and metal. After that, customized boards, sew up the side walls and ceiling of the loggia.

 

The ceiling first and second floor are made of sheets of plywood or fiberboard. The leaves sweep across the ceiling so that their joints were in I-beam frame.

 

Finish. Partitions made of particleboard second grade. At the junction of sheets delivered bruski section 50X50 mm. the Septum can be performed from boards, but it is more time consuming.

 

Padding the walls. Here you can apply different materials: chipboard, fiberboard, plywood, boards, drywall, etc. Fit and trim these materials, but in this case it will be necessary to additionally install bars 50X50 mm and by them to mount the trimming of the cladding material.

 

Before painting the walls pre-shpaklyuyut. If you want to use Wallpaper, all of the surface before paste over with paper.

 

The floor and ceiling at the perimeter of the upholstered skirting boards, and door and window frames.

 

Interior finish and painting may be performed for every taste. But if the floor is made of particle Board or fiberboard upholstered, it is better to use for painting oil paint, previously well proolifiv leaves the floor.

 

A porch can be both stationary and in the form of the lift platform. The latter is made in the form of a trapezoid, the shape of the facade to the second floor. Fastening to the wall of the house hinged on large hinges. The fence and stairs in this case are removable.

 

A. and B. GRYAZNOVA, M. KOROBKOV, I. BLATOV, Kstovo, Gorky region.

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