IL-18Four-passenger aircraft Il-18 was designed at OKB Ilyushin in 1956 4 July 1957 the prototype it with TVD NK-4 first took to the sky. It was designed to carry 75 passengers. In October of the same year Moscow plant № 30 was built the first production Il-18 for 89. In March 1958 completed factory and in August of the same year joint tests in NII VVS. In September, the Il-18A was exhibited at the world exhibition in Brussels, where he received a Gold medal. In the same month, the airliner has successfully completed the state testing.

From November 1958, production was Il-18B, with a more reliable turboprop engine, AI-20. The first flight with passengers took place on 20 April 1959, from January 1960 these cars are to work on international lines.
In the subsequent mass production of passenger Il-18V (89 seats, the later 100 and 110, the later series – with TMD AI-20K), Il-18D (65 seats, with turboprop engine, AI-20M and increased range) and Il-18E (122 seats), as well as military Il-18T (120 soldiers or 69 lying wounded and two medics).
These machines for many years flown on domestic and international lines. From November 1959 they were exported; Il-18 was operated in 12 countries.
Il-18 was installed, a number of international records.
The last Il-18 was in the air force of Russia, China and North Korea prior to 2007
These Il-18D. A wing span of 37.4 m, its area is 140 m2. The length of the plane at 35.9 m. empty Weight – 35 000 kg, takeoff -64 000 kg Maximum speed – 675 km/h, cruising -625 km/h service ceiling – 9000 m, the maximum range is 6,500 km. the Crew – five men, 65 passengers.

Recommend to read

    Deformed copper or brass wire you can make a perfectly smooth and straight in just a minute. Board hammer in a few nails to pass through them the wire, as shown in the figure and stretch...
    If your stock of drills is quite diverse, it is more convenient to place them on the wide wooden bar on the principle of a grid. The advantages of such vertical storage is obvious: the...