ACTIVATOR FOR SEEDLINGS

ACTIVATOR FOR SEEDLINGSIt would seem that there is nothing more habitual than water, and yet nothing is more mysterious than she is. Remember: from the spring to the ocean — the forms of its existence in the liquid state; the trickle of steam from the kettle and clouds in the sky — she is in a gaseous; fluffy snow and solid ice all the same water; and the physicists know that even the so-called heavy water, which promises a substantial contribution to future energy. It was always known that frozen water breaks pipes and vessels. And suddenly the mystery: in capillaries thinner than a hair and it stays in the cold liquid. How many more secrets in it?
In recent years, another mystery and a new clash of opinions around the unusual properties of the same plain water, but subjected to a current. However, this effect was observed before, during electrolysis, but as a temporary measure: when a current is passed between lowered into the water by the electrodes, one (anode) was formed by an acid environment, and the other (cathode) — base; but after switching off the current, the liquid was again equally neutral. Introduction between the electrodes of a dense semi-permeable partitions are allowed, without violating the effect, to prevent back mixing generated under the current environments, to two different liquid — anolyte and catholyte. Their research led to the discovery of new active unusual properties of water: they oxidative anolyte, catholyte and recovery. The study of their industry institutes and laboratories of Tashkent, Kazan, Moscow, Kiev, Leningrad and some other cities showed a wide range of possible applications of these properties from industrial to household. Of workers in the food industries, for example, are interested that acidic soda is able to increase the shelf life of perishable foods, medical that it stops inflammation and are suitable therefore for treatment of scratches and wounds, and wiping them then the crack water accelerates healing. Interesting results were obtained by experiments with plants. One group was watered with plain water, the other alkaline (catholyte), the third is acidic (anolyte). Compared with the first plants of the second group developed significantly faster, and the third shoots were not there. But when this third phase then began to pour alkaline water — plants not only sprouted, but quickly overtook both of the first group.
 
For those who would like to experience the properties of activated water when growing or “treatment” plants, the germination of seeds or harvesting of seedlings of vegetable crops, we offer a description of a simple apparatus, made by our reader, honored inventor of the RSFSR by V. Hakulinen.
Making a homemade electrolysis for obtaining activated water is carried out mainly according to the following scheme: glass jar with water in it also lowered the water-filled canvas bag, and in both of these tanks entered the electrodes of stainless steel sheet, one of which is included in the network directly and the other through diode And 5-10 (e.g., type Д242). The activation process takes a few minutes (when tightening it, the water may boil).Such devices are unsafe and are not without drawbacks. Especially the manufacturers of such activators have forgotten the first law of Faraday, which does not need to strive to apply “big amps”: with the same success it is possible to do and Mas, respectively, extending the session impact at small currents is not threatened by overheating. Do not need a powerful and expensive diode is replaced by a more simple penny value, calculated on the maximum of the rectified current of about 0.3 A (for example, type Д7Ж or any other letter at the end). For greater reliability can be included in the circuit parallel to the two diodes.
 
Activator with working on milliamps is much safer: the device can stay on for long, and the water in it, just poeples at first, then not heated, as the activation current becomes smaller than the initial values by 2-4 times. The final results of the activation procedure will be completely equal with the “big” amps: they are the same, go through the device current to 5 A for 5 min (300 s), or 0.05 And 500 min (30, 000 s): 5 * 300 = 0,05 * 30 000 = 1500. The final number is the number of units of electric charge (coulombs), passed through the water in both modes of activation.
 
Fig. 1. The activator and key details.
Fig. 1. The activator and its main parts:
1 — canister, 2 — tray, 3 — Cup, 4 — sides (Whatman), 5 — thread, 6 — pen stand, 7 — wire suspension, 8 — plug connector, 9 electrodes, 10 — pins-limiters.
 
Device activator at low currents it is clear from the figure. In a small plastic canister with the top cut off are two common thin glass, the walls are extended from sides of the paper. All three of these containers filled with water in glasses down the electrodes — the device is ready to connect. The water in the canister will be the transmission medium for the current, and the anolyte and catholyte will get glasses.
Fig. 2. The circuitry of the activator.
Fig. 2. The circuitry of the activator.
 
Fig. 3. Diagram current change in the activator (without a bulb).
Fig. 3. Diagram current change in the activator (without light bulb):
first, the current increases due to the occurring immediately after switching of alkalinity and acidity around the electrodes, but soon decreases due to the deterioration of the conditions of ionization of water molecules due to saturation of the electrolyte ions already formed. As the activation current is steadily decreasing, indicating the proximity of the end of the active part of the session and the occurrence of “maintenance” mode (about 20% of the initial current), and thus do not further increase the activation of water.
 
Solid line — circuit without the bulb; dashed line — with light; both modes are almost similar in their results, differing only in duration.

 
To make the cups easier to remove at the end of the process, from a sheet of polystyrene made a simple tray with racks and jumper-handle, which are mounted male connector and wire hooks for hanging electrodes (as is customary in electroplating).
 
Shell to build of cups cut from the sheet of drawing paper 110X500 mm, pre-boiled to remove paper glue technology. The resulting workpiece is tightly wound on the top of the glasses and fixed the thread.
 
On the supply circuit of the activator is depicted lamp for 220 V 40 watts. A simple switch allows to short-circuit it when it is desirable to speed up the process. The lamp plays the role of fuse for diode. In addition, the change in the degree of intensity of its threads to judge the stage of activation: at the end of the process it burns dimmer.
 
The shape, size and mutual arrangement of the electrodes mean little, and another thing — the choice of the material itself. Even corrosion-resistant stainless steel during electrolysis even in miniscule amounts, but soluble in the anolyte, and most of those varieties that are more sensitive to the magnet. Therefore attracted to the magnet material is not good: electrode out of it after a short use becomes rough, its weight decreases the active dissolution. Good electrodes are obtained from the Cutlery with the words “Stainless steel.”, and the skewers (without any change of shape).
 
Because tap water always has impurities chlorine, fluorine, iron, and various salts on the paper shells are formed of spots, and on the electrodes (especially the cathode) — matte patina. The latter is easily removed with a cotton swab moistened with vinegar; you can also change the electrodes in some places, plaque will disappear. And shell might also have to upgrade.
 
Preparation work starts with the completion of it (starting with the glasses that does not pop up) with water to the same level at 15-20 mm below the edges of the shells. Then drop into the glasses and hung on the hooks of the electrodes, the plug connector cord is connected, and the device included in the network. About the successful activation will testify one interesting sign: the emergence of a significant difference of water levels in all three tanks due to so-called osmosis. Acidic water (in the glass electrode whose plug through the diode) will lower your level compared to neutral water in the canister, and alkaline, on the contrary, increase it by the same amount (about 3-6 mm).
The degree of acidity and alkalinity is usually estimated so-called hydrogen index pH value measured practically unavailable in the home with the device “Ionomer”. In his testimony to have plain water pH = 7, the catholyte rises to more than 10, the anolyte is 2.5 or less.
 
At home the received liquid can be tested by litmus test. However, the accessible sample phenolphthalein, which are sold in pharmacies (sometimes called “Snowstorm”). Dissolve the tablet in a spoonful of water, and another scoop the catholyte and sprinkle it with phenolphthalein: the catholyte will become immediately red (after two weeks of snore reddens slowly). If you now painted the catholyte to drop in a sample of the anolyte will be the discoloration that shows sufficient activity of the anolyte.
 
In conclusion, the duration of conservation of the properties of activated water. But to my observations, the anolyte remains active and a month or two (it is possible that persists longer). The catholyte is the same in a week lose at least a quarter of its original strongholds is weakening.
 
V. KHAKHALIN, Dolgoprudny

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