FLOOR UNDER THE ROOF

FLOOR UNDER THE ROOFWhen we get a country house, sometimes don’t assume that after a dozen years, the once spacious and comfortable, it will be close: first, grow up children, then grandchildren, and the house, built originally for one family, will have to radically restructure. Meanwhile, the radical alterations it is possible to avoid — after all, almost everyone has a reserve for expanding the living space: the attic space. Refitting it in the attic, you can almost double the useful area of the home, creating a completely or partially isolated “flat” for a young family.
In our present publication we would like to give the readers some tips on efficient conversion of the attic.
 
Even a small loft can become a beautiful attic. It looks like a attic summer house for one or two bedrooms (partition wall shown schematically).
Even a small loft can become a beautiful attic. It looks like a attic summer house for one or two bedrooms (partition wall shown schematically).
 
As a rule, homes that are created without regard to the use of the attic as the attic, the roof height is not too large in order to be able to get a room the same height as on the first floor. However, this should not discourage you — if the center of the attic is the distance from the floor to the ceiling is 2 m, this is enough to comfortably use the room. Indeed, when along the walls will be placed a table, sofa, bedside table and crib, almost all zone, where the sloping part of the ceiling will be occupied, so the risk of a bump on their head will be very small.
It should be noted that if the roof of your country house is covered with roofing iron, to do the attic in this case, it is not worth it — no insulation will not save you from the summer heat. Well, if your house in slate or tiles, it will be the best option for the regeneration of the attic.
 
No matter what materials you plan to use for finishing the interior, need to be mandatory to take care of insulation. While it is best to use a chemically inert and non-combustible slag wool in combination with construction paper or even plastic wrap. Of course, to undertake this work better after it is assembled to the frame of the attic, which consists of vertical posts that form the basis of walls, horizontal bars-rafter — based future ceiling and assembled from wooden bars frame the walls with door frame.
 
Usually a “standard” attic often has a tiny window, which is clearly insufficient for the dwelling. For the attic we suggest to make the window as possible area — for example, as depicted in our drawings. The frame for such a window is not so difficult to collect and own — would be bars of suitable cross-section Yes, the appropriate tool with which to choose so-called “quarter”. However, it is possible to make a simplified frame, using glue, nails, sticks and strips-layouts.
 
So, assembled the frame of the future space, linked frames, laid insulation. Now start covering the walls and ceiling. This is suitable for almost any material: boards, plywood thickness 6…10 mm, wood (wood) stove or hardboard. Of course, in the plating space the sheet material will have to strengthen the frame of the crate, placing the Board in the expansion joints of the covering. But it’s better to make the inner lining of the attic of the lining is smoothly planed boards, not too wide and preferably grooved. Such a casing will make the attic a extremely cozy area of the house, especially if the furniture is also made of light wood.
 
A very important part of the attic is a staircase. The most convenient and simple design, depicted in the diagram: it allows you to organize the entrance in the attic as the porch, and directly from the street. This design allows the ladder also equipped spacious built-in wardrobe or household details. If you have small children who are still too early to use a fairly steep stairs, it is advised to equip the lifting hatch cover which closes after the passage under the action of its own weight, or to build around the hatch wooden barrier about a meter high with a sort of gate in front of the stairs, an easy and inaccessible to the child with constipation.
 
The very same staircase can be made from two racks of boards section 50X300 mm (base of stairs) and steps out of the Board section 40Х250 mm. For connection of steps with vertical ribs on the latter to cut the grooves to a depth of about 20 mm. Fixation steps with nails and glue (casein or epoxy).
 
It should also be noted that the attic space has enormous possibilities for the development in this built-in wardrobes. Almost all free (not obstruct) the walls can be turned into wall cupboards, sideboards, open shelves or glazed depending on the needs and availability of necessary materials.
 
A few words about the fixtures for the attic. As you know, the chandelier to hang will not succeed. However, you should not confine wall sconce. In the attic is very nice to look built-in lights, flush mounted in the sloped part of the ceiling (or, if you want the walls, which, however, is the same). The basis of such a lamp, the ceiling light is square or round shapes, mounted in a convenient location in the selected under the hole in the ceiling paneling. In principle, it is possible to do a fully improvised lamp, collecting it from sheet aluminum, a pair of cartridges with lamps and frosted glass (one of the options shown in the drawing).
 
A little bit about the finishing of the attic. If the walls and ceiling of the room are sheathed with sheet materials, it is best to carefully proshpaklevat seams, paint ceiling — horizontal and inclined parts — matte light colour paint and wall plaster is not too eye-catching Wallpaper. To stand the style of the room, Wallpaper can paste over door wall cabinets and door panels. This is best done with the help of Bustilat, and after it dries to protect the Wallpaper parquet varnish. However, it will change their color, but it’s not breaking the style of the room.
 
If the walls and ceiling are sheathed with clapboard, it makes sense only to thoroughly abrade the surface with sandpaper and cover the wood first with hot linseed oil, and then, after its drying — oil varnish, and you can Pre-tinted wood stain, diluted with water brown mascara or even a solution of potassium permanganate, making, for example, wall panels are darker than the ceiling panels.
Attic out of the room and the hallway.
Attic from the room and hallway:
1 — frame with two opening Central doors, 2 — ceiling beam cross-section 80X80 mm, 3 — roof lining (lining thickness 20…25 mm), 4 — skin sloping ceiling (lining thickness 20…25 mm), 5 — a homemade built-in lamp, 6 — built-in cabinets, 7 — panelling (lining thickness 20…25 mm hardboard with a thickness of 5…6 mm), 8 — floor boards 40 mm thick, 9 — insulation (slag wool and glassine or film), 10 — the door in the wall, 11 — the partition between the hall and the room, 12 — fencing hatch (bars 40X40 mm), 13 — trim, stairwells (lining thickness 20…25 mm), 14 — door 15 — the stairs 16 — palestyny wardrobe-pantry, a 17 — door rack, 18 — stair railing.
 
According to the materials of the Bulgarian magazine “Guide yourself”

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