MILL IN THE GARDEN

MILL GARDENHis first motomizu A. Migranov built in 1981. As a prototype use if they had allowed themselves the development of his friend Peter Koynova. Although much was done differently: the engine mount, rudder, installation of bearings, three-stage gear transmission and cetera.

Testing Pravda, identified gaps: the motor was overloaded due to the low gear ratio and big diameter end mills; three times to break off the angled fan blades ahmadinia cylinder head. After reduced the speed of the block cutters to 82-85 per minute and fixed other problems, the machine began to work perfectly.
Over the years, the mill was many times repeated. Only Albopicta the district now has about ten of the toe of such structures. Indeed, the unit was quite technical. Only 15— 20 parts be manufactured in the workshop. All the rest can be done at home with the use of drilling machine and welding machine. In addition, some of the details — such as the remote handset is custom drilling machines (if you have another machine tools design of pipes can be simplified).
 
Fig. 1. General view of metafrasi
Fig. 1. General view of metafrasi:
1 — mill. 2 — back support. 3 — kick, 4 — clutch lever. 5 — the lever of the gas in the fuel tank. 7 — engine 8 — silencer 9 — frame.

 
In most cases, preference is given to finished parts: toothed wheel, tap, throttle, fuel tank and many other factory nodes.
 
Many of those who took the repetition cutter, made me some trailers for the transport of goods 250. 300 kgs. They claim that on a level road and ka third gear speeds of 18-20 km/h.
 
Fig. 2. Components and parts of metafrasi
Fig. 2. Components and parts of metafrasi:
1 — washer 2 — wheel hub gear, 3 — gear, 4 — table 5 — outdoor housing top bearing. 6 — upper bearing, 7 — frame, 8 — strip steering, 9 — steering bracket with a toothed washer, 10 — top Valo-toothed wheel 11 — a closed housing upper bearing 12 — upper rear support lug, 13 — bracket, rear support, 14 — rear support 15 — knives cutters, 16 — bearing axis, 17 — cover observation window, 18 — standoffs, 10 —remote cropped sleeve, 20 — case lower bearing, 21 — lower bearing, 22 — main Valo-bevel-wheel, 23 — tightening pin, 24 — silencer, 25, 26 — of the bracket of the engine.

 
Now about the peculiarities of processing of soil. Claims by some fans that. it should be plowed well in advance of a large tractor, which is impossible mills th raw Heath, unfounded. Difficulties appear only in tall grass or when processing very caked and dried soil. But suffice it to mow and remove the grass from the plot to motorise (with quite wet soil) surely worked. Moreover, when the author recently had to dig a hole-Vodospad with a diameter of about two meters and a depth on the belt, it seven or eight times used motomizu, the earth was thrown out with a shovel. This convinced him that if left on mills only two knives (width about 4 cm), you can even dig ditches, for example, electrical cable.
 
However, motomasa did have one drawback. In the processing of dry soil sasuxnaru cooling fan sucked dust that got into the contacts, priyatama ignition, and the engine would cut out. Had to remove the shroud and fan blades and clean the contacts. It took 5 to 10 minutes.
 
Fig. 3. Frame motores
Fig. 3. Frame motoriz:
1 — the left cheek of the frame, 2 the lower ring bearing Assembly (2 pieces), 3 — prop engine mounts, 4 — cross bracket. 5 — top ring of a bearing unit (2 pieces) — eye back support, 7 — cube mounting box cover, 8 — the right cheek, 6 — wrap-around strip, 10— internal partitions.

 
The issue has been resolved with the help of a corrugated pipe-intake. Now the air flows from a height of about half a meter above the ground that prevents the ingress of dust into perinatal.
 
A few words about the engine (from a motorcycle). The cylinder is polished until the second oversize, and its working volume is thereby increased. As a result, nominal capacity has increased to approximately 4 p. s. the ignition timing on the passport had to be installed from 1.1 to 1.2 mm from the top dead center (8MT). The author also put it with the indicator, which gives an accuracy to hundredths of a millimeter finish, 1.75 mm before TDC. Then the engine began to run very steadily.
 
Fig. 4. Assembly is frame
Fig. 4. The Assembly of the box frame:
1 — housing lower bearing,2 — cheek frame, 3 — ring bottom bearing unit, 4 mounting sleeve (about the bearing), 5 — mounting stud, 6 — plate. 7 — wrap-around strip.

 
Transmission bearings to work in Grease, as, indeed, the very chain. The fire stoked 400-500 g of conventional grease and pour it into the chain box frame. Until it thickens, chain, crank a few times to lubricate its whole length.
 
The cutters are easy to operate, does not require great physical effort. Not to trample on the treated soil. The operator goes to the side, holding the unit with one hand. Performance cars about this: in the vineyard area of five acres spent 35-40 minutes at a milling depth of 15-20 cm, the fuel is about 1.2 liters per hour.
 
Fig. 5. Assembly steering
Fig. 5. Steering Assembly:
1 toothed washer, 2 — strip, 3 — mounting bolt 4 — pipe

 
The ratio of petrol and oil in it 20 : 1. Slightly increased the oil content in the mixture is quite acceptable for two-stroke engines. Coupled with good cooling, this allows the Clock to run in the August heat without overheating the engine.
 
And now about the design of individual components and parts of metafrasi about how and what they are made. Let’s start with the frame. Both Shaki her cut from steel sheet of thickness 4 mm. Rectangular viewing window done only on the left of them. Then both cheeks baited — connected multiple point welding with encircling band, and then processed together. Openings with specified dimensions, machined with a boring tool.
 
Fig. 6. Remote sleeve
Fig. 6. Remote bushing:
1 — pin. 2 — remote handset. 3 — strap.
 
The upper and lower rings of the bearing assemblies are welded to the corresponding holes using the guide washers and the mounting studs M18. One set is designed for mounting lower rings, one for the top. Once cooled the welds, studs, And washers were removed, the edges of the holes machined sharpened triangular Faber to the bearing housings freely have their place. Gap between them of the order of 0.10—0.12 mm. this Operation is time-consuming and required special care.
 
All rings are cut with a gas burner of sheet steel 8 mm thick and machined on a lathe. Bolt holes drilled in them before welding, and then is threaded. Moreover, the housing upper bearings with their rings reamed simultaneously to ensure alignment of all 24 holes. Bolts М8х20 entered into them freely and easily are screwed. All they Needed 24 pieces.
 
Fig. 7. Drilling holes for pins
Fig. 7. Drill holes for the pins:
1 — push, 2 — remote handset, 3 — conductor. 4 — stud.
 
Welding frame. The rings of the upper bearing assemblies are mounted in the same way as the bottom, with the only difference that the mounting sleeve is kept not one internal, two external pins and two U-shaped profiles, since the housing of the left bearing had no Central hole.
 
All stud two upper and one lower) are tightened to failure, cheek belted stripe steel, of a width 34 and a thickness of 5 mm and connected by spot welding with a step of 50 mm for its entire length. Then began the final Assembly of the frame, and after applying the seam with a length of 60-80 mm, the welding is interrupted and a similar seam superimposed on the opposite side of cheeks. This is done to ensure that all the frame has not warped and the labor is not in vain.
 
After the metal Ostap, sepici and bolts were unscrewed, and the bearing housings are removed. But not before because when welding the holes in the rings under them were deformed, and then again it would take subranie.
 
Mounting sleeve (about the bearing) is used when assembling the frame in order to obtain full alignment of bearing shells as the lower Valo-gears, and upper. Without them, the cheeks of the frame when welding warp — twist.
 
The end surface and outer diameters of the bushings are machined in a single setup in the spindle of a lathe wall right and left incisors. Therefore, for the lower bushing in advance in a thick-walled pipe welded two straps with
 
sretraline holes d of 16.1 mm. From precision machining about buildings to a large extent depended on the quality of the frame.
 
Next to the box was welded a cross bracket and support the engine mount. The notches in the bracket done finger cutter d 10 mm. Bearing is welded from strips of steel 30X4 mm.
 
Cover the viewing window is cut from steel sheet of thickness 2 mm and Attached to the frame with four bolts М4Х6, seal with sealant — it can be removed once a year to check the status of the main chain.
 
In the last turn welded to two steel cube with a side of 10 mm | mm from the upper edge of the main square. They are drilled and tapped for screws М6х6 cover through which skipped the main goal and
 
About the main Valo-toothed wheel. It is of steel 40X with subsequent heat treatment. The teeth are in number of 15 pieces — with the same step n in main chain (19,05 mm). You can use ready gear if I can find the right.
 
The holes in the ends of the Valo-toothed wheel d 7.5 mm drilled with the use of a conductor. It does need to used when making a remote mounting from all parts of metafrasi are subjected to the greatest loads. All openings d 7.5 mm drill with one sharpening of the drill. When drilling remained a center marking points below the pins, one bushing freely entered into holes of the other. The ends of the sleeves are perpendicular to their longitudinal axes.
When planting pins used fixture the gasket. The depth of the center hole in it to exactly 12 mm — this is especially important during installation. The device is not quenched.
 
It is also important that the tolerance on the left side pins designed within the specified limits.
 
Strap distance sleeves (six PCs) of steel 3 thickness: 5 mm Hole, the distance between which is 73 mm, drilled to the tolerances specified in the drawing. Otherwise it would be impossible to achieve interchangeability of blade cutters.
 
The Assembly sequence of each spacer sleeves as follows: first was pressed on the pins of the left ends. Then welded a strip of 10 mm from the edge of the sleeve and only then drilled holes in the right side.
 
Bracket engine mount is made of steel strip 30X10 mm. All dimensions are designed for sure: the axis of the holes had to cope with the axes of the welded nuts.
 
The muffler made from a cut length of about 200 mm from the body of the muffler of the motorcycle “Balkan-50”. Doña his cut from steel sheet of thickness 1 mm. Remote partition |of the same thickness and diameter by 9 mm smaller than the inner diameter of the housing of the muffler) riveted to the bottom outlet three special rods arranged at an angle 120° to each other. And only then welded a bottom in the housing of the gas go-turnip. With this silencer the noise motores no more than a chainsaw “Friendship 4”.
 
Material hub gears — steel 45. Axle top Valo-toothed wheel is firmly in the hole of the hub. The radial runout of the hole d 28 mm and 60 mm and lateral runout of the front surface-side d 60 mm is minimal as the author worked them on a lathe for a single installation; hole ø 8 mm drilled simultaneously with hole-
STEMI in a large toothed wheel with 45 teeth.
 
Fig. 8. Fixture-gasket
Fig. 8. Fixture-gasket.
 
The upper bearing soaked cast iron. In them is hidden one of the tricks of construction: the bearing seats machined with a 10-millimetrovykh offset relative to the Central axis that allows you to adjust the chain tension.
 
Here it is necessary to pay attention to the following points: for the most accurate alignment of the axes of the holes in the housings and the same precise drilling 24 holes in the top rings of the box frame. It was necessary that the bearing housings could be installed in increments of 15° in the circumferential direction (to change the tension of the primary chain).
 
The material of the Valo-toothed wheels steel 40X. The wheel is heat treated by the method of quenching in oil when heated to 633° and tempering to HRC = 45 to 47.
 
Top prosipa frame consists of a sleeve (steel 45), the strips 20 x 6 mm and the ribs of steel sheet of thickness 4 mm. When connecting the eyelets to the frame is necessary to remember that the axis of the hole d 18 mm must be perpendicular to the horizontal traverse.
 
All the details of the back support is made of steel 45 with the exception of the axis, which is made of steel grade X12 or 35HGS followed by heat treatment.
 
The original part of the steering wheel — two lock washers, three pipes thick power lines-inches and the strap 30 X 30 mm Mounting bolt M12, shown, used for welding one of the washers with a strap. The second washer is welded to the corner bracket, vyfrezerovkami from a piece of steel 45. Welding is carried out using the same mounting bolt.
 
United М12Х65 bolt, washer and included engagement with each other and allow you to adjust the handlebar height depending on the height of the operator.

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