The frame of the snowmobile – dimensional, welded from steel pipes of rectangular, square and circular cross-sections.
The base of the frame two pair of tubular side member – upper and lower. The top side member of each pair is made of a tube section 20×20 mm. Of the same pipe and most of the auxiliary components such as intermediate cross-members, struts, and even the rear frame of the Luggage area. The lower side members – of the tube section 28×25 mm is the thickest tube in the frame construction. From the same pipe and the front cross member, front crossmember, and console sub range.
I must say that the tube frame – cross section small and even not thick. But because in places where drilled holes in them inserted into the sleeve and welded in a circle.
The superstructure of the frame (pillars, arc) made of round pipe with a diameter of 20 mm, from old chairs, thin-walled, but strong enough. That’s just welding them was quite difficult, but if it is done by the apparatus-semi-automatic process much easier. The frame of the trunk under the seat, like the frame of the middle part of the site, from angle 15-mm area. Between these frames I put long stuff like skis. Column steering shaft – diameter tubing 32 mm – integrated in the front part of the superstructure. Sleeve swivel pins cut from Bicycle frames and welded to the ends of the beam. The frame is also integrated (welded to the rear ends of the lower spars) brackets nodes of track tension. These brackets and serve as attachment sites to the frame bearing balance shaft belt. In addition to the elements of the frame is welded of numerous lugs, lugs for mounting the power unit, fuel tank, seats, shock absorbers etc.
The extension cable is the secondary (output) shaft of the engine (weldment):
1 – extension; 2 – tip for attachment to the shaft; 3 – a tip for drive gear
Fig. 4. Crawler unit:
1 caterpillar; 2 – drive gear caterpillar (2); 3 – node of the drive shaft of the caterpillar; 4 – spring (2 PCs); 5 – bracket, balancer unit (2); 6 – pendulum tension axis (2); 7 – a tension gear wheel caterpillar (2); 8 – support roller (10 PCs); 9 – extreme truck (2 PCs); 10 – medium truck; 11 – axis balance unit; 12 – support the ice rink (2); 13 – housing with the bearing axis balance unit (2); 14 – the bracket springs to the axle beam block (2 PCs.)
The balance wheel of the crawler block
Crawler unit (more precisely its longitudinal half) is borrowed from the old industrial snowmobile “Buran”. Why half? Yes, because, first, it is easier. The second-lower costs and simpler design. And thirdly, it was suggested not to ride on the virgin snow, and the traces of the “pioneers”.
However, in combination with a pair of fairly wide ski snowmobile confidently overcomes and deep drifts, and fresh “pulaki”.
Extreme truck redone spring removed and the sleeve are welded to each other, as the truck balance themselves, sitting on its axis at the ends of the springs.
Redone and a host of track tension. The front ends of its pendulum levers sit on a common axis with a spring balancer node, and the rear is suspended on a homemade spring-loaded shock absorbers to the frame.
Propulsion of the snowmobile rubber tracks with a width of 380 mm (in the “Buran” these are two). The caterpillar drive is provided from the drive shaft through a pair of 9-toothed “buranovskiye” nylon wheels. Drive shaft – tubular. As noted earlier, it is made of the rear crawler “buranovskie” axis, is mounted in bearings 80205, which is attached directly to the upper frame rails. The tension of the caterpillars is the tensioning axis of the gear wheels (same as drive) through a pair of idler levers mounted on the axis of the tandem (moving the bearings along the frame rails). Tensioning shaft of the caterpillar (or rather – axis, since this item does not transfer torque) with gears – too “buranovskie”. Contact with the road tracks in length – slightly more than a meter.
Previously, the propeller was built with a support ski by means of. They are good for “chubby” snow and snowdrifts, but very sensitive to hard bumps in the road. From them – not only transmitted to the driver discomfort, but there are breakdowns of the trucks and even the by means of. So this time I decided to make a mover with rubber tracks and road wheels, since it is expected to go on the thumb snow and even ice.
Transmission of a snowmobile, that is, it can’t be easier, though not without highlights. It consists of a single-stage chain transmission from a motorcycle “IZH” with a step 15,875 mm with a pair of stars: presenter has 15 teeth, driven – 21, that is, the gear ratio is 1.6. Secondary (output) shaft of the power unit is extended by a tube with internal splines on placed on the shaft end and slotted ferrule at the other. The free end of the extension tube is mounted in the bearing 80205, the housing of which is secured to l-shaped bracket welded to the frame. On the tip through the adaptor with internal and external splines planted sprocket chain transmission. Sprocket driven planted (also via splined adapters), the splined tip of the drive shaft of the caterpillar. Adapters have been made of gears: annealed, bored through, offreserve. Thanks to the splined adapters sprocket (and hence the gear ratio) is easy to change even in the field under road conditions (more precisely, the density and depth of snow cover).
Managed the skis of the snowmobile – a self-made, length 900 mm (blank – 1000 mm) and a width of 200 mm, Made of steel sheet 2 mm thick. the Rails are forged: in the middle of the triangular groove, and the edges – flanging-undercuts, curved upwards in front (the contact surface with the snow – 800 mm). On top of the skids welded to the longitudinal ribs of U-shaped cross section, curved from the same sheet steel, and to them ears and eyes for the attachment of suspension units, and in front a bow of steel 10 mm rod.
Each ski has suspension consisting of a shock absorber (scooter “Tula”) and a makeshift arm out of square tube 20×20 mm.
Steering – mixed type. The drive – motor lever, and the rest – like a car. Steering shaft – the “tipping point” with u-joint and even a kind of steering. “The turning point” it was because he did not enter in parallel with the pivot bushings (and in fact, the straight shaft better). It is necessary to pay attention that the lower end of the shaft constructively came in ahead of the swivel levers and rods, and fry directed backwards. In this situation when turning right the wheel you have to turn left, and Vice versa, contrary to common sense. So I had to enter the steering mechanism that serves for the coordination of the steering and direction of the skis. The mechanism comprises a pair of identical gears in the housing. Pinion gear by a spline connection impaled on the end of the steering shaft, and the shaft the spur gear is connected (welded, although this node is reasonable and it is easy to do is also collapsible) with T-shaped bipod. From the Pitman arm through tie rods and knuckles is the simultaneous rotation of the skis are now in the same direction, which turn the steering wheel.
Equipment. The fuel tank is welded from two tanks on a moped “Riga”.
Seat – a motorcycle “Minsk” mounted on racks with the skin of duralumin sheet. Under the seat is a tool box, and between box and floor is a niche with a hole in the back. It is laid in need of skis, shovel and other long items. The hood – to redraw the front part of the stroller (side of trailer) of a motorcycle “Java-350”. Electrical equipment staff. Headlight – a motorcycle “Minsk”.
1 – skids; 2 – amplifier; 3 – shackle; 4 – eyelet of the shock absorber; 5 – eyelet lever
1 – wheel (Bicycle); 2 – the upper knee of the steering shaft; 3 – bracket support upper joint of the steering shaft (furnished); 4 – universal joint; 5 – steering wheel; 6 – lower knee of the steering shaft; 7 – a collar splined joint the bottom knee and the pinion shaft; 8, the leading gear shaft; 9 – driven gear shaft; 10 – fry; 11 – axis of Pitman arm and steering rods; 12 – tie-rod (2 PCs.); 13 – the tip of the adjustable length tie rod (2); 14 – nut 15 – steering arm (2 PCs); 16 – axis thrust and the lever (2 PCs); 17 – steering knuckle (2 PCs.)
The schema of the muffler:
1 – suction inlet; 2 – body; 3 – damper; 4 – outlet
Sled trailer for a snowmobile:
1 – pole; 2 – tappet; 3 – bracket-lug (2 PCs); 4 – thrust (2); 5 – ski (2); 6 – body; 7 – (10 PCs)
The Assembly of the snowmobile on the “slipway”
Sledge-trailer – homemade. I think it’s better to have a small sled, the trunk of a snowmobile: if somewhere stuck, the sled can be released, the path to tread and re-attach. The body was once the case side of the trailer a motorcycle “Java-350”, or rather what is left of it after the hood to the snowmobile. It was shortened, cutting out about 200 mm in the middle. Then riveted the front and rear portions by means of rivets. Under body has placed some of the cross members of the rectangular tube 40×20 mm, one of the broad walls of which are left as Ushkov at both ends. Lugs attached to the side of the body by means of rivets.
The body is on the slopes of the aluminum panels electrogenerated through the tubular uprights of square section 20×20 mm. at the top of the Rack is welded to the cross members with ears and down to the “heels” – square steel plates with a thickness of 2 mm. the “Heel” riveted to the runners of the skis all the same by means of rivets.
I note that the drawings are non-working and study: some indicated not all dimensions (e.g., frames), where something may not be the same as the drawings were made on existing designs.
But in fact, I believe that the production of construction drawings – it is production, not creativity.
V. SMIRNOV, p. Syava, Nizhny Novgorod region. Recommend to read MEET DISCS In the old days, when required to perform switching in the electric circuits when the voltage rises to a certain threshold, resorted to the use of polarized electromagnetic relay.... A WATER TOWER WITH A… SAFETY NET The words of the comic song "Without water — and neither the amplitude and no syudy" actually turn out to be quite a serious statement. Where there is water — less and hassle. Where it...