The entire drive mechanism is located on one side of the wheels, the pedals rotate in the same direction as the wheel. All this gave the possibility of a relatively easy to construct dvuhmestnoe wheel: one side has a planetary drive with the levers and the pedals rotating on the center wheel, and on the other side of the sprocket with a chain drive. While both drives are independent from each other (even working on one wheel) as though the Central gear of the planetary drive sprocket of the chain drive and the wheel hub sitting on the same axis, but are connected through overrunning clutches. Wheel hub, in this case the Cams on both ends.
By the way, this drive can be equipped with rear wheel. Then we get Trehprudny triple two-wheeled bike called “Russian Troika”. The speed of the “Troika” is likely to be more than “Friend”. The rear wheel of the “Troika” should be a solid (e.g., moped) as the load on it will be more. The mass of the tandem will amount to 30-35 lbs. Rear seat when it is better to make sliding on the two telescopic uprights.
The gear ratios of all drives (as well as the diameters of the wheels) may differ from each other, but it was not a big difference, because one of the riders will have to pedal fast and the other much slower. But to maintain a good speed need friendly and well-coordinated operation, as in the work on the oars.
Planetary drive needs to be well lubricated, adjusted for free and smooth rotation; the pins overrunning clutch should work smoothly. The whole mechanism must be close to dirt and dust protective cover of thin sheet metal. The casing is attached to the arm and rotates with it.
A few words about the advantages and disadvantages of the proposed actuator. From the point of view of the designer, our scheme has a number of advantages: the gear is reliable, has high efficiency of about 0.95, which is slightly higher than a chain; it is simple in design and has a small number of main parts and to the whole of such actuator can be easily assembled and disassembled.
The disadvantages of the actuator must be attributed primarily to the presence of a weak and unreliable link — freewheel with its pin and spring. Besides, “planetary” poorly protected from dirt, sand, moisture, which, unfortunately, can easily penetrate inside the mechanism.
And the last one. Of course, the drive or journey on the “Russian Troika” or “Other” fun, but require a good understanding and interaction between the crew members in order to maintain balance, teamwork, tracking the road and traffic conditions. Special responsibility for traffic safety lies with the steering. Conventional brakes, drum, control of the hand on the wheel (like racing bikes).
In conclusion, it should be noted that the combination of “planetary” wheel could be a universal drive for a variety of vehicles with a pedal — bikes, velomobiles, bicycles. Universal module, we think, will help many enthusiasts musculoides in the creation of new economical and speedy crews.
V. BUTURLIN, O. VAKHARLOVSKY,