the Main opponents of the American “new order” at sea the fleet of the Soviet Union, naturally could not stay away from the “missile mode”. Especially as its had a good “platform”: just built or still under construction cruisers of project 68, and 68 bis. In fact, shortly after the death of Stalin along with him departed, and plans to create much-beloved, large ocean-going fleet in his artillery. The existing situation demanded a more flexible approach. Undoubtedly a very significant role in the development of new concepts belonged to the commander of the Navy N. G. Kuznetsov. Committed to a balanced fleet, he was forced to battle on two fronts, not only in competition with the “potential enemy”, but in combat is not always reasonable ideas of the new leaders of the state. In mid-1954, under his patronage started to be developed a comprehensive plan for the harmonious development of all types of ships – not only submarines, which are “laid eyes” the Presidium of the Central Committee and First Secretary N. With. Khrushchev and surface. Found the place and the cruisers, part of which had now become the rocket.
An updated version of the “Sverdlov” (the series is far from complete!), launched in life in the same 1954, received the designation “Project 67”. It was envisaged to remove built (and not set to under construction) all four towers of the main caliber and part of the anti-aircraft artillery. The artillery was released for the new weapons – attack missile. It is curious that the weapons did not exist, but this fact designers and strategists not stopped. As they say, “for speed” had to borrow some practices from strategic aviation. That is where we have used the first samples of weapons, which through the decades called “cruise missiles” and has become an important component of Maritime power. But then, in the first postwar decade, the weapon of this kind was clearly struggling “grudnichkovye age.” Suffice it to recall the American “Regulus”, which was supposed to be installed on many ships, but really placed on only four cruisers, and not for long: the product of overseas firms was not successful.
Not just evolved, and the fate of our aircraft shells, as is quite rightly designated, then the shock of the ship firstborn. Indeed, according to the scheme they is very reminiscent of a good jet fighters MiG-15, of course, without a cabin for the pilot and conventional flight equipment, which were replaced by powerful charge receivers and management tools. These systems first entered service in the forces of coastal defence (S-2 in the complex “Sopka”), Now had to rework the design so that a plane could be launched from special launchers from the ship’s deck. For this, first of all, it had to be the wing and stabiliser folding, at least partially, otherwise the new weapon would be too big for confined spaces, even quite large cruisers.
As a result of intensive work of the ground plane-missile-2 and a half years “hatched” sea cruise missile “Arrow”. Created especially for her twin missile launcher was a very original and perfect for that time: solid construction even had a stabilization system that compensates for pitching of a ship at the start. Two such plants would have to take their places in the bow and stern in place of the lower towers of the main fire. It is worth noting that they were a truly cyclopean structures, as the length of the plane-projectile reached almost 9 m, and the height and wingspan with the combined consoles exceeded 2 meters. To the obvious “childhood diseases” of new weapons can be attributed to a relatively small range, significant preparation time to start and longer intervals between subsequent runs. In order to “shoot” all the ammunition, which constituted 19 “arrows” on both installations were required to watch that in the conditions expected when the nuclear war was “a luxury”. Although there were undoubted advantages in only recent the most devastating in the history of the war the country managed to create quite an effective system of control of shock missiles.