In early July 1942, the Nazi command ordered the withdrawal from Alten Fiord in the sea a squadron composed of the battleship “Tirpitz” (the newest and most powerful ship in the Nazi Navy), three heavy cruisers (including the heavy cruiser “Admiral Scheer”) and 12 destroyers to intercept and destroy allied convoy PQ-17, published in late June from Iceland to Murmansk.
PQ-17 consisted of 34 transports and 21 escorts. In addition to them, the wiring of the convoy was led by two strong ships of the far cover of the English and American navies, which included an aircraft carrier, two battleships and destroyers.
At the latitude of Bear island in escorted convoy PQ-17 was to join the fighting ships of the Soviet Northern fleet. However, after the British Admiralty became aware of the sea of the German squadron, it ordered the force commander to escort the convoy to leave it and follow to link up with groups of ships of the far cover.
As a result, the transports had to break to Murmansk independently. Endless attacks of airplanes and submarines, the Nazis destroyed many defenseless ships. The treacherous order of the British Admiralty have caused the deaths of hundreds of sailors, the loss of over 120 thousand tons of military cargo, which needed our country; including 3350 vehicles, 430 tanks, 210 aircraft.
Not to allow the German squadron to convoy PQ-17, the command of the Northern fleet sent in advance to the areas of the exits from the fiords of Northern Norway a few submarines. Among them were K-21. July 5, 1942, she was discovered by the German squadron and began maneuvering to exit the torpedo attack on “Tirpitz”.
It was a difficult operation; the enemy ships were anti-submarine zigzag, changing course. Had to attack the “Tirpitz” stern torpedo tubes, chetyrekhtomnym gulp. He heard two explosions. The boat sank, waiting for a Nazi attack escort ships. But it was not followed. “Tirpitz” with the squadron was forced to return to the fiords of Northern Norway and in the hostilities of participation is no longer accepted.
After this campaign, K-21 and again went to the torpedo attack, lay mines, landed troops. In October 1942, she was awarded the order of red banner. Fighting the way the boat is finished under the command of Z. M. Aranova.
“Your boat section of the fascist body!”
K-22 came from the Baltic to the North in the autumn of 1941. Two weeks out to sea. On Board was the brigade commander submarine captain first rank N. And. Vinogradov. Putting a few jars of mine, the boat began a search of enemy ships in the area of Hammerfest. Its artillery sank an enemy transport boat and oil barge. Later, while in a submerged position, K-22 found standing at anchor transport and attacked with torpedoes. The boat surfaced and the divers saw the second transport. Opening artillery fire, K-22 sank both, and at the same time and soon patrol boat. As reported by exploration, on one of the transports was more than 30 thousand coats intended for Rangers operating in the Murmansk area of the German mountain corps “Norway”.
– Well done! Good fight! – praised the actions of the commander of the submarine commander of the Northern fleet Vice-Admiral A. G. Golovko. Is your boat in the literal sense of the word section of the German fascist body! Essentially, it was thwarted by the onset of the housing main grouping of fascists in the polar region.
Among the many feats of To-22 – the salvation of its crew of the submarine U-421, which, with 8 enemy ships sunk in April 1942 hit a mine and drifted, losing speed, 8 miles North of Cape Nord-KAP.
The submarine K-22 was awarded guards status. In February 1943, it came in his eighth campaign in conjunction with K-3. On the fifth day of the trek K-22 has stopped responding to the signals after dark from leaking out. Searches in what have not resulted…
K-23 came to the Northern fleet from the Baltic in October 1941, went on his first military campaign. She put a few minefields in the Varanger Fiord, the entrance to Beckford, and on the outskirts of Kirkenes sank two enemy transport: one artillery, the other torpedoes. The following hikes To the-23 put to the bottom of several transport ships and a minesweeper of the enemy.
1 – guessto; 2 – Jack; 3 – deck antenna input; 4 – bale strap; 5 – rail rack; 6 bollards; 7 spike; 8 – guard rails; 9, 10 – side scuppers; 11 – 100-mm guns; 12-45 mm semi-automatic; 13 – stand periscopes; 14 – scuppers tunnel to lift the boat; 15 – signal mast; 16-Flagstaff; 17-Vympel; 18-Minna-loading hatch; 19-scuppers; 20 – lantern Wakefield fire; 21 – lanyard; 22 – feed the flagpole; 23 – red banner naval flag; 24 – lantern gambertoglio-fire; 25 – stem; the 26 – breakwaters caps of torpedo tubes; 27 – Stanovoy anchor; 28 – nasal horizontal wheels; 29 – deck scuppers; 30 removable sheets torpedo-loading hatches; 31 – lifebuoy; 32 – fenders first shots; 33 Serena; 34 – the platform observer, signaller; 35 – and-site, 36 – lights on-Board lights; 37 spotlight; 38 – propeller shaft; 39 – bracket propeller shaft; 40 – thruster; 41 – enclosure aft horizontal rudders; 42 – aft horizontal rudders; 43 – vertical wheel; 44 – brackets-ladder; 45 – door add-ins; 46 – hermetic optical binnacle (GON); 47 – lamp of the navigation light; 48 – anti-aircraft periscope, 49 – commander’s periscope; 50 – cable suspension of the radio antenna; 51 – antenna; 52 – insulators radio antenna; 53 – fencing weapon; 54 is rotating the platform 100-mm guns; 55 – chopping Luke; 56 – ladder; 57 – emblem (star with the numeral indicating the number of won victories)
In may 1942 she went to sea in another military campaign with the commander of a battalion M. I. Hajiyev on Board. On 12 may she had received a radiogram: “Are damaged”.
That day To is 23, found and attacked an enemy convoy of two cargo ships and five anti-submarine ships. After the attack, the boat has undergone a lengthy pursuit of the enemy. Probably as this has happened, close the gaps of depth charges damaged the fuel tank, and float on the surface of the sea solyar marked the course of the ship. This prompted M. I. Hajiyev, commander of the boat by L. Potapov, and the Commissar D. M. Galkin to give the command to emerge, to engage in an artillery battle with the enemy ships
and taking advantage of a large surface speed, try to break away from persecution.
In this battle, K-23, apparently got a new injury and was forced to dive when attacked by enemy aircraft. But it still gave an oily trail of diesel fuel: Nazi anti-submarine ships and aircraft continued to shower her with depth charges. On base K-23 did not return. Lost all her heroic crew, and the commander of the division, M. I. Gadzhiyev, a famous North sea diver, who was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.
Of the six submarines that fought in the North, K-22 was awarded guards status and K-21 was awarded with the order of the red banner and became the red banner. This submarine, extant, decided to put on a pedestal in the CE-miramarska as a memorial, so she always reminds the descendants about the combat deeds of heroes-submariners who fought for the Motherland not sparing his life.
No less valiantly fought the submarines and the Baltic. The outbreak of hostilities in 1944, in the closing period of the war, they have made a considerable contribution to the victory over the enemy. K-51, K-52, K-53 K-56 included in the second division brigade of submarines of KBF.
In the Baltic boats of the “K” mine tanks were converted to take the additional supply of diesel fuel, which increased endurance. Some of them instead of complanation “Mars” set sonar “Dragon”, and torpedoes are equipped with devices MO-3, which allowed to give the torpedo salvo “fan”. None of the Baltic supply-tion of the cruisers did not return from a hike, not sinking the enemy vessel.
Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet brigade of submarines of the Baltic fleet was awarded the order of red banner.
In conclusion, we recall that during the great Patriotic war, Soviet submariners destroyed 87 warships and 322 transport of the enemy. Their total tonnage amounted to almost one million tons.
E. ZHOLKOVSKY, former co-driver of the red banner submarine K-52
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