After the great Patriotic war, the project of the destroyer “Fire” has been revised with accumulated experience of war. On the ship have greatly increased anti-aircraft armament, a more powerful turbo – and diesel generators and radar equipment. Turned out great ships!
In practice it happens very rarely, when a complex Assembly or structure, especially of the class of modern warship, it turns out, as they say, “with drawing”. And construction of destroyers of the type “Fire” can be safely attributed to the number of such happy occasions. It’s hard to remember at least one example of deviations from the project, some problems in testing vehicles of this series or claims processors.
However, until a series of “Fire” was completed, the designers have begun to upgrade the ship. Weapons and equipment remained almost unchanged, the changes have been primarily in housing and construction technologies. Before the war our ship builders very carefully, even cautiously, approached the use of welding. Welded construction was used then only on light superstructures of warships. The experience of the war stimulated the use of welding on a large scale not only in shipbuilding but in all branches of the military industry, especially in tank.
The case of destroyers of the type “Fire” redesigned for the welding, and instead exploded Assembly on the slipway, “sheet” was the technique of building the hull sections and, later on, from blocks that were produced in the shops. Old technology from the slipway down to the empty hull of a ship, loading and installation of machinery, equipment and weapons produced for the fitting-out quay, which was fraught with great expenditures of time and labor. Now the ship was withdrawn from the shed on the trigger or descended from the slipway is ready. After the descent to the water immediately begins mooring trials, loading supplies, spare parts and equipment.
The head ship of this series was named “Bold”. It was at that time the most advanced and powerful weapons, and the fastest ship in this class in the world. Tactical and technical data, it compared favorably with the best destroyers type Fletcher, built during the second world war. Although the American ships of this type possessed high reliability mechanical installations, are inferior to our ship at the speed and power of the guns of the main caliber and range. After the war, in 1945, I had to work in the inventory Commission on the German ships surrendered in the Western hemisphere, and explore the German destroyer Z type No. 36 — one of the last ships of this series.
Mechanically this vehicle was in poor condition. All piping, valves, covers, condensers, etc., made of steel, literally rusted to holes. Almost all the DC motors in machinery spaces, boiler rooms out of service due to unacceptably high temperature. During the inspection caused by the ship’s former chief engineer said that the operation of mechanical installations has always been associated with permanent problems and that during the service of the ship he never could develop the full capacity of the plant. As a result of studying the documentation of this ship managed to establish that in comparison with the destroyer, No. 22 of his turbine has been altered: the frequency of rotation of the propeller is changed from 475 to 390 rpm. Z a Former mechanic No. 36 said that it was the only way to avoid catastrophic failure of the blades of the propeller from cavitation.
Destroyer type “Bold” is in the history of the domestic Shipbuilding is an outstanding project. It can be assumed that many connoisseurs and lovers of Navy will like the sleek hull lines and a slender silhouette of this magnificent ship. His detailed drawings published for the first time, will allow modelers to build accurate models of this destroyer and to perform successfully in competitions.
Ball color: breakwater, turret, view, mooring ropes, felling, vent head, commanding post, Pelorus gyro, directional magnetic compass, searchlight post, control of torpedo firing, range-finding post, fore-mast, funnels, davits, covers, skylights, torpedo tubes, emergency command post, the mainmast, ladders, stern post, anti-aircraft machine, view electric cables, ladder beams, mine cockpit compartment, deactivator, the gaff rig the foremast, tanks deactivation, doors, sectionally Yal barkaz, fenders first shots of the 37-mm guns, cabinets-room Telegraph, remote indicator of the circular review, remote control torpedo shooting, steering column.
Black color: tow Proclus, wall anchors, anchor hawse holes, Silovye strap, anchor windlass, bollards, rod antenna, lights, radar antenna, spark arrestors, mooring capstan, mortars, racks for depth charges, divafutura, post dropping depth charges, all stoppers of the anchor-chain, universal viewfinder, speaker, speakerphone, Silovye strap.
White: Jack of stock, half of each lifebuoys, lights all of the lights, frame direction finders, radio antenna whip, gaff, all the hand rails of the rack, aft Flagstaff, liferaft.
Red: the emblem (five-pointed star), Jack, half of each lifeline, lamp left side distinguishing the fire, fire axes and hooks (half), fire extinguishers, pennant.
Brown: the rudder fairings propeller shafts, side keels, the focus brackets Paravan guardian, mine rails, feed ramps, the rostra.
Green: lantern of the right side of distinctive fire.
Blue: all glass Windows, all glass skylights.
Yellow: tackle rigging.
Lacquered wood: fence ladder (partially), furniture.
Polishing metal: propellers (bronze).