DOORS FOR EVERY TASTE

A DOOR FOR EVERY TASTEThe houses built on model design, mainly have a relatively comfortable layout. And yet it is impossible to consider the needs of each individual family, its growth and development. Have children, and the apartment is getting crowded, we have to consider every square meter. But it turns out that there are untapped reserves of residential space, for example, near the doors. To open them, you need to have a place. And if you replace swing doors on sliding, for example vertically or horizontally? It is possible to obtain additional space in the room.

Like many examples in the practice of the equipment home. So, in the German Democratic Republic used hinged instead of sliding doors, partition walls between the hallway and kitchen, kitchen and dining room, the kitchen and dining room, for example, to combine in one room.
 
Interesting experience of interior landscapes offers our Northern neighbor — Finland. Various options for doors and sliding doors are of high quality and performance, make the apartment or house is very convenient for rest, sleep and work. For example, firm “Harjavallan Kichidi” produces sliding door type “katwa” is not only the wooden elements, but also from a soft thick fabric, leather, felt, other materials.
On the basis of proven options in residential apartments or houses to create a hanging sliding door (Fig. 1). The carrier portion of the Assembly must be made of steel or aluminum angles and placed above the doorway. For the movement of the door to pick up the guides. Depending on the type of suspension they can be made of two parts, area and 2-shaped profile, pipe or box rail. The latter is attached to the wall with dowels. From room to it is screwed a decorative wooden Board, or particle Board, which is glued veneer, simulating the texture of wood surfaces.
 
1. Compartment option sliding door: easy Stripping aside, it frees a fairly wide aisle.
 
1. Compartment option sliding door: easy Stripping aside, it frees a fairly wide aisle.
 
2. These doors are arranged as in electric trains: two narrow doors and in closed and in open position takes up very little space.
 
2. These doors are arranged as in electric trains: two narrow doors and in closed and in open position takes up very little space.
 
3. The door-wall, folding like an accordion, versatility. It is decorated with colored sash inserted in stained glass.
 
3. The door-wall, folding like an accordion, versatility. It is decorated with a sash inserted in the colored stained glass.
 
4. Combined version: the door at the same time can rotate and move in the direction along the guide rails in the floor and the lintel. So with a rather large width it does not clutter room.
 
4. Combined version: the door at the same time can rotate and move in the direction along the guide rails in the floor and the lintel. So with a rather large width it does not clutter room.
 
5. Is to push the latch, and the door-curtain to close under the action of cargo-balances go up.
 
5. Is to push the latch, and the door-curtain to close under the action of cargo-balances go up.
 
To move along the guide uses nylon rollers. The rollers on the metal holders (staples, hooks, rods) suspended door.
 
It consists of wooden panels with voids that greatly reduces weight. The hollow shield has a frame made of the frame perimeter, the outer “shirts” made of plywood, hardboard, veneer or laminated plastic, SOT of and paper strips between them.
To increase sound insulation qualities of the void in the doors are filled with glass-fiber plates, mineral wool, polystyrene with additives sawdust, or strips of hardboard.
 
The width of the door must be 100 mm to block the aperture. To the ends of her nail flexible lining is made of soft fabric and rubber layer which eliminate the gaps between the door and the frame and serve as a good sound insulator (Fig. 2). It is desirable that the color of the lining matches the color of the door.
 
R and S. 1. Sliding door and options for its charms (And odnoralova and B — on two-roller bogies)
 
R and S. 1. Sliding door and options for its charms (And odnoralova and B — on two-roller bogies):
 
1 — decorative Board, 2 — door, 3 — bars frame, 4 — rollers-compactors, 5 — veneer lintels, 6 — hook suspension, 7 — mounts, 8 rollers, 9 — brackets-rails.

 
Fig. 2. Door trim flexible moldings
 
Fig. 2. Door trim flexible moldings:
 
1 — door, 2 — hooks of the suspension, 3 — flexible lining.

 
R and p. 3. Sliding doors
 
R and S. 3. Sliding doors:
 
1 — plywood, 2 — filler, 3 — wooden block frame, 4 magnetic seal (fridge), 5 metal rim.
 
In the living room furniture trying to put the walls. So to find 90 cm of free space at the wall is not easy. In this case, the door can be made from two halves (Fig. 3). If indoors is no place for open doors, you should use the design shown in figure 4. Its peculiarity is that the fixed center of the door leaf is rotated to the right and left, plus moves to the side. To keep the door swinging, it must be strengthened at two points: at the top — rolling carriage supported on the slide and the bottom metal rail, recessed into the floor. Along the rail moving the rollers on the door. At the ends of the fabric reinforced soft strips of fabric and rubber. Thanks to them, the space between the box and the door closed.
In the living room of the apartment, you can use overhead doors, consisting of several dozen horizontal slats. They are attached to a thick fabric (tarpaulin, synthetic leather, and so on) and form a single curtain (Fig. 5). For lifting and lowering it above the opening is mounted a box drum on it the curtain is wound. The drum is mounted on the pipe resting on two metal angle-brackets. Two sides to the drum suspended loads-balances (10-15 kgs) — thanks to them, the curtain is easily raised.
 
R and p. 4. Swivel door
 
R and S. 4. Pivot door (the door is open, B — semi-closed door):
 
1 — wall, 2 — lintel, 3 — guide, 4 — roller trolley 5 — door frame 6 — foot with rollers, 7 — rail 8 — floor covering.
 
R and p. 5. Door curtain
 
R and S. 5. Door curtain:
 
1 — decorative Board, 2 — drum, 3 — bracket, 4 — pulley, 5 — string, 6 — the load-counterweight, 7, 9 — guiding box, 8 — curtain, 10 — bolt, 11 — rail, 12 — fabric curtain, 13 — mounting bolt.

 
R and p. 6. Folding door
 
R and S. 6. Folding door:
 
1 — connecting bars 2 — hooks to suspension rollers, 3 — loop, 4 — color glass 5 — profile-groove for the rollers, 6 — fold door

 
On the latest model guaranteed (right and left) mounted latches — latches that can be used both inside and outside of the curtain. Is to push back the latch, and as the curtain goes up.
 
For door gap of more than one and a half meters expedient to apply a sliding partition (Fig. 6), consisting of separate links (was delivered in the “M-K”No. 11 in 1974). Using the same design and connections, it is possible to give the sliding doors a modern and original look. Its wooden parts are made through cuts, where you put colored or frosted glass. This decision will greatly enrich the colors of the room. Sound insulating quality sliding door it does not worsen.
 
Similarly equipped apartments in the towns and villages of Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia. Abroad also has interesting experience in the landscaping of single-family homes. In Finland, for example, the firm “Theotetos” extensively uses colored glass with a fluted surface, the stained-glass Windows with geometric or oval pattern.
 
V. STRASHNOV, architect

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