Pre-harvesting should be spread on the hearth at the place of installation or in another room back side up. It can pass: linoleum is equalized, stabiliziruemost in size. Only after that he laid in place.
Often in bathrooms and toilet floors are made of small ceramic tiles — as a rule, sloppy, ugly. For these areas it is better to use the so-called relin, rubber or linoleum. You don’t have to stick: elastic and heavy, it flies tight to the floor.
To preform exactly “fit” in the size and shape of the old cover, make a pre-copy-template of paper and then transfer the extracted contours to the relin.
When laying conventional linoleum mastic it also pre-incubated for about a week in the unfolded state and fold prior to coating the substrate outside roll diameter not less than 40 see End gently pressed against the floor covered with mastic and gradually turning the entire sheet, paste, carefully smoothing and leveling that under it does not remain air bags and bubbles.
Many correct “chess” decks from raznotsvetnyh polyacrylic tiles. They can be laid on old, but even coating. First lay out the tile without label, so that it exactly covered the floor, then gently lifting each tile is applied with a spatula a layer of mastic 1.5—2 mm, and immediately placed the tile back, carefully smoothing or, even better, “pripressovyvaja” wooden hammer mallet. To move laid on the mastic square is impossible. For several days until the mastic dries, the floor is better not to go, at least put on top of a few boards.
Let’s start with the clarification that the parquet flooring alike. Although on the surface these floors are similar, but used wood, technologies of their manufacture, they are very different.
Block parquet consists of separate laths of studs of different length and width. Floors of this type are of two types: “solid rail” — when at bars with one longitudinal and one lateral side is formed spines-combs, and the other two grooves, and “soft rail” grooves on all four sides. When laying the latter in the grooves insert the spikes-Reiki of soft breeds of wood, often pine. Their thickness should be such that the slats are firmly held in the grooves. It is important that the wood planks and studs were well dried, otherwise, over time, connections and joints will disperse, parquet “sing” and gets cranky. Repair of such floor is that to remove klenki of parquet can only cut tires, damaged and adjacent strips.
Parquet floor is the shields or seals square shape with a size of 400X400 or 600X600 mm, recruited from rectangular strips of length from 100 to 200 mm, a width of 20 to 45 mm and a thickness of 8 mm. Such blanks get, pasting riveting face on heavy paper. Glue is used such that after stacking sheets on the subfloor paper can easily be starred tsiklej.
Parquet Board consists of two layers: a base rack and attached with water resistant adhesive coating of the blind.
These types of flooring in different plank and repaired. A small piece is attached with nails if the subfloor is wooden, and concrete is to be bonded to the mastic. Parquet floor fits well on the paste, and the parquet Board is nailed studs to the bars or planks-joists.
Fig. 10. The designs cycle.
Fig. 11. Tsiklevanie of a parquet: cleaning of the joints of the staves.
Parquet floors are the most durable. But they will eventually require updates. If the slats start to crack, fall out or warp — the old flooring or new inserts have to shave and scrape and cracked — replace.
When replacing the cells of the parquet on nail fastening them taken out of the socket, and inserts a new beat from the front side nails with the flattened hats guiding along the fibers and utaplivaja in the thickness of the strips of 2-3 mm.
At a panel Board parquet recruited using wood glue, rivets removed, and clearing the base, put new. After two or three days the egg party level.
On the concrete base of the strap have to stick to the mastic or in a well-heated bitumen, first carefully clearing old nests.
If one had riveting on the side of the plane of the riveting and the adjacent planks, apply waterproof glue or epoxy, if an adjacent hold on the other, nail it thin nails with otkusannymi hats. Nails hammer at an angle and utaplivajut in thickness drevesiny.
Mastic, especially hot, is applied to the base layer is not more than 1-1,5 mm, so that it is not squeezed out of seams: removing it is very time consuming. If this happens, it is best to remove mastic tsiklej or chisel, but not with gasoline or other solvents: paste will soak into the wood and leave black spots neudalimye.
Renovated parquet floors, especially contaminated go rough, better re ottsiklevat. For this purpose it sweep, quickly washed and immediately start to scrape. Clean flooring, you can not myth, but be sure to wipe with a wet cloth.
The technique of scraping is. Tool take two hands, put to the floor at a 30-45° angle and push lead for themselves. But only along the stave, not across, otherwise the wood starts to ride up. Shavings to not interfere with work you should immediately rush.
Remaining on the studs to “fluff” is removed dry the floor well sharpened. and directed tsiklej.
Too big gaps between the wood slats sealed with a thin slats on glue or a specially prepared putty. For example, take by weight 20 parts of liquid were erased, 20 — fine dry sawdust and 20 dry sieved honey. For toning add dry building paints — no more than 5% by weight of chalk and sawdust. First mix the sawdust with chalk and paint. And “shut” them with liquid glass.
The same putty can be prepared in the epoxy resin.
A. SHEPELEV, civil engineer