RENEWAL FOR WALLS

RENEWAL FOR WALLSAn increasing number of people would be able to apply Wallpaper in your apartment or room, saving the money and not be restricted by the presence of outsiders -masters. Indeed, it is not hard work, it can be done yourself, but it requires patience, accuracy and some preparation. The lack of expertise here kompensiruet high accuracy and sensitivity.

Tools

At pasting of walls in addition to fixtures, typically used in the preparation of the surface, you would need more, directly to the Wallpaper: a thick soft brush, rubber roller, plumb, sharp knife, ruler, wide flat brush, sponge. To work, you can also use some kitchen utensils. Be sure to purchase or rent a stable ladder. A wide table greatly facilitates the preparation process of gluing Wallpaper on the wall. Instead of a table you can also use off its hinges and laid on the chairs smooth door.

 

 

Fig. 1. The old paint washed off and is removed before the plaster

Fig. 1. The old paint washed off and is removed before the plaster
 

Fig. 2. Defective places of the walls are filled with plaster

Fig. 2. Defective places of the walls are filled with plaster

 

Does not interfere with the care and protection of floor coverings. The easiest way in several layers to lay on the floor, old Newspapers. If you have carpeting, from contact with the adhesive, primer, water floors can protect a synthetic film. Varnished parquet you can, of course, after the wash, but even in this case, the dried drops of glue are difficult to remove. In any case, the surface of the floor around the operating table is better cover with wrapping paper or Newspapers.

Preparation of walls

The easiest way glued Wallpaper on the concrete with a smooth and even surface. If the old wall covering only contaminated and wiped, they do not have to remove. If in some places the Wallpaper was broken or behind the walls, then after wetting them, you need to remove.

Much more work is required for processing of the walls with old whitewash. Sing paint carefully removed (Fig. 1), and to plaster. Then walls are: the pores are filled with plaster (Fig. 2) and polished (Fig. 3) a large skin to become smooth. Edge damp stains impregnated with the diluted pack. Moldy areas of the walls are cleaned and processed linseed oil, then covered with a mixture of Wallpaper paste with a solution of copper sulfate (Fig. 4).

For filling it is advisable to use commercially available mixtures (Fig. 5). Gypsum is usually filled in small holes. If this material is mixed with 20% of cement, they can fill large recesses and damage on the wall.

 

Fig. 3. Body-filled areas of the walls are sanded with sandpaper or wire confusion

Fig. 3. Body-filled areas of the walls are sanded with sandpaper or wire confusion
 

Fig. 4. Moldy areas of the walls are treated with linseed oil, then apply Wallpaper paste sing

Fig. 4. Moldy areas of the walls are treated with linseed oil, then apply Wallpaper paste sing

 

Fig. 5. For plastering of walls used ready mixes, which can be applied by roller

Fig. 5. For plastering of walls used ready mixes, which can be applied with roller

 

Fig. 6. With a dense putty work a wide spatula

Fig. 6. With a dense putty work a wide spatula

 

After drying of the walls (depending on the weather and temperature this time ranges from 6-18 hours) can begin the actual putty. Even if the putty mixture will seem thick, dilute it should not be much, just add a little water, up to 4 – 5%. You need to work wide (250 – 450 mm) with a spatula. On the surface of the spatula trowel to smooth plaster layer is applied and then is transferred to the wall. Applying and leveling are performed first in direction from floor to ceiling, and then Vice versa. Angles are pre-treated with a wet brush.

After approximately 24 hours after puttying the surface is dry, then it is processed with sandpaper. The smoothness of the walls is checked by eye in reflected light.

Treatment of the ceiling

Preparing the walls, you should assess the condition of ceiling: its process better to stickers Wallpaper. Usually the old whitewash blur to the ground. After drying, the ceiling can be treated with linseed oil to better hold the new coating. Now the ceiling is often not Belitsa, and covered with latex paint. It has an eggshell, but with the help of toning Supplement it can give color to your liking. If the ceiling cover do not brush and sputtering, his rougher surface will not attract the attention of its irregularities and defects or uneven coverage.

Gives good results and the traditional method of “whitewashing”. For this purpose a mixture of 20% gypsum, 10% white and 70% chalk, which is diluted with water. The Cretaceous cover is better placed on the surface of the ceiling, if it is pre-treated with linseed oil or a water solution of glue: in five liters of water boil about one kilogram of glue.

There is another upgrade of the ceiling. Now he’s popular – sticker on it Wallpaper. Typical devices are shown in the figures. Surface preparation ceiling is the same as the walls. The only difficulty here is the need to work with their hands.

 

Fig. 7. Before pasting the ceiling carry out the layout for the first Wallpaper with a ruler or a padding cord with the dye powder

 

Fig. 7. Before pasting the ceiling carry out the layout for the first Wallpaper with a ruler or a padding cord with the dye powder

Fig. 7. Before pasting the ceiling carry out the layout for the first Wallpaper with a ruler or a padding cord with the dye powder
 

Fig. 8. Spread Wallpaper glue on the table

Fig. 8. Spread Wallpaper glue on the table

 

Fig. 9. Painting with glue is going to

Fig. 9. Painting with glue is going to “Accordion” with the hanging end and the rod is transferred to the place of gluing

 

Fig. 10. Papering the ceiling is better to carry out with the assistant

Fig. 10. Papering the ceiling is better to comply with the assistant

 

Fig. 11. The pressing cloth is conducted from the middle to the edges

Fig. 11. The pressing cloth is conducted from the middle to the edges

 

Fig. 12. Places where the sheets additionally promazyvaetsya glue

Fig. 12. Places where the sheets additionally promazyvaetsya glue

 

Fig. 13. In the corners to jump to the left wall of the inlet end of the canvas

Fig. 13. In the corners to jump to the left wall of the inlet end of the canvas

 

Fig. 14. On the outskirts of the chandelier in the canvas is prepared (in a place) the hole for its suspension,

 

Fig. 14. On the outskirts of the chandelier in the canvas is prepared (in a place) the hole for its suspension,

Fig. 14. On the outskirts of the chandelier in the canvas is prepared (in a place) the hole for its suspension

 

When cutting the Wallpaper, you need to keep in mind that the strips should be perpendicular to the window. It is difficult to control standing on a ladder. The task is greatly facilitated if the location of the edge of the first sheet will be pre-marked (Fig. 7). From the wall measured the distance and made 3-4 mark. By means of a cord, covered with graphite or other coloring substances, beats on the ceiling straight line.

The prepared strip of Wallpaper adhesive plasters on the table (Fig. 8). You must then wait 4-5 minutes so that the glue is absorbed (if the Wallpaper is thick – a bit longer). Then the band going into an accordion; the length of one of the folds should be about 1 m and may droop when thus folded strip is superimposed on a scrap wooden rod, a plastic pipe or a kitchen rolling pin. Then, standing on the stepladder, attached to the ceiling and pressed the first meter of the Wallpaper (Fig. 9). The procedure is significantly simplified if there is a helper: he will be crushed and leveled strip is applied with a brush or rag. And the movements are performed from the middle to the edge of the sheet that allows you to remove air bubbles.

For sticking the next cloth is not required to recapture the cord line. However, care must be taken that each next strip is superimposed is strictly parallel to the previous one. In the case of wallpapering in place chandelier pendants, they cut a hole, and the wiring is de-energized. When all strips are glued, you need to trim the excess ends until the glue dries.

The basis of the Wallpaper

After the wall surface is dried and sanded smooth with sandpaper, it is necessary to remove dust. Before wallpapering the walls are primed, the glue, which later will be used for wallpapering. According to the instructions, the prepared adhesive is applied on the wall even, thin layer. For this purpose roller (Fig. 15). The walls are coated with paint based on synthetic, are treated with a solution of casein glue. The solution should not be too thick. Otherwise, the wall surface roughness produced, which will later be visible under the Wallpaper.

Wall-papering the walls

Sticker Wallpaper on the walls compared to the ceiling more simple. The work starts from the window and conducted in such a way that the edge of the glued overlap of Wallpaper were always drawn against the light. When cutting Wallpaper should monitor the convergence of image. Top and bottom should be a margin of a few centimeters.

On the strip, laid on the table, is applied to the adhesive (Fig. 17), and it folds two-thirds of the length from the lower side, and a third length on the other that will be riding. In this case, the whole is covered with glue, the surface will be closed, which is convenient for carrying and climbing a ladder.

While the glue is absorbed into plastered Wallpaper, you can relax a bit. With the help of plumb line marks the labels first band. Now climb the ladder, unfold the folded third edge of the strip and affixed to the upper edge of the wall (Fig. 18). Then gently unfold the remainder and apply it to the wall, then smooth it with a brush from the top down and from the middle to the edges (Fig. 19). Every time you get to the corner of the room for stickers next band used a plumb.

After acquired some experience, you can spread the adhesive a few bands, but only enough to time to process for 15 minutes. Wallpaper paste is better in a cool room; however, at the time of operation and subsequent drying is necessary to close the vents and doors to avoid drafts.

Over length 2 – 5 cm should be cut along the ruler until the glue dries. Reaching the sill, you need to crop the Wallpapers in the contour of the protruding parts.

It is impossible to make the junction of the two lanes on the outer corner. In this case the Wallpaper does not keep long. If we come across protruding above the plane of the wall, for example, receptacle, switch, you should disconnect the grid of the room, Unscrew and remove the cover from the outlet, and on the wall to make the cross-slot. Extra pieces of Wallpaper trim, the edges of the slot tightly rolled with a roller. Cap is put into place and the Wallpaper is again smoothed with a brush.

 

Fig. 15. For sticker Wallpaper on the wall previously applied layer of adhesive. It is easy to do with a roller

Fig. 15. For sticker Wallpaper on the wall previously applied layer of adhesive. It is easy to do with a roller
 

Fig. 16. The scheme of cross-motion roller when applying the glue on the wall

Fig. 16. The scheme of cross-motion roller when applying the glue on the wall

 

Fig. 17. The sequence of smearing the Wallpaper with a brush

Fig. 17. The sequence of smearing the Wallpaper with a brush

 

Fig. 18. Sticking the blade begins from the top edge

Fig. 18. Sticking the blade begins from the top edge

 

Fig. 19. Spread the cloth on the wall brush from the middle to the edges

Fig. 19. Spread the cloth on the wall brush from the middle to the edges

 

Fig. 20. It is important to carefully laminating roller joint panels

Fig. 20. It is important to carefully laminating roller joint panels

 

As a rule, is sufficient to smooth the Wallpaper with a brush, but if they lay down enough or evenly under them there are too many air bubbles, you can use a rag or a rubber roller.

 

Seams (joints) definitely rolled with a roller (Fig. 20). After drying, the extruded adhesive forms are often opaque layer. So after a smooth speaking at the joints, the glue should immediately wipe with a dry, clean cloth.

After the Wallpaper will be fully affixed to the wall before drying should be cut at ceiling and floor.

At the junction of walls and ceiling is sometimes edged plank, with a rectangular or semicircular cross section, painted or varnished. Such straps can be made manually, for example, of cardboard, covered with Wallpaper. However, the easiest way to buy straps at stores. Lath nailed with small nails or stick. Instead, they often used the paper tape. It is glued directly onto the Wallpaper, fast-drying glue.

If stickers Wallpaper was removed plinths after completion of works they are put in place and at this time not to damage the Wallpaper, between the baseboard and the wall is placed a strip of cardboard.

If the apartment has plastic skirting boards, then after drying they are glued with glue of type “Moment” directly on the wall, the floor is left not covered with a strip width of 20 to 30 mm.

Repair of walls

Great work on updating the walls have to perform not too often. What can be said about the elimination of small damages and minor defects.

For example, the most common variant – the peeling Wallpapers. If it happened at the junction of paintings, repair is easy. Quite carefully peel back the departed the edge of the cloth and just gently brush them with glue and then pressed with a roller or clean rag.

 

Fig. 21. Exfoliated the junction of Wallpaper carefully greased with a small brush with glue and laminating roller

Fig. 21. Exfoliated the junction of Wallpaper carefully greased with a small brush with glue and laminating roller
 

Fig. 22. Swelling of the leaf cut up with a cutter blade after the glue is rolled using a roller

Fig. 22. Swelling of the leaf cut up with a cutter blade after the glue is rolled using a roller

 

Fig. 23. The option of eliminating the air bubble in the Wallpaper, for example, a syringe with glue

Fig. 23. The option of eliminating the air bubble in the Wallpaper, for example, a syringe with glue

 

Fig. 24. The sequence of manufacturing and gluing patches on Wallpaper

Fig. 24. The sequence of manufacturing and gluing patches on Wallpaper

 

Appeared swelling of the area of the Wallpaper can be eliminated in two ways. First the easiest: the site of the cloth should be cut crosswise with a sharp blade (e.g., razor), I get the petals to bend and lubricate the inside with glue, then roll with a roller. The second method is “jewelry”: the bubble is punctured with a syringe with glue, and if the plot is lengthy -syringe connected to a soft plastic with spray adhesive, which is extruded the required amount of it, and the cloth is then again pressed against the wall (roller sponge).

If the damage is separate Wallpaper can be closed with a patch from the spare roll of the same pattern. Prepared for this large flap is superimposed on the “wound” paintings, cut with a sharp knife together with the Wallpaper to the wall, and then the resulting panel smeared with glue and carefully aligned with the edges of the cut out section of the Wallpaper.

 

Listed both ways give a good cosmetic result: the repair is almost never seen.

B. VLADIMIROV, drawings N. KIRSANOVA

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