BEE “COMMUNAL”

BEE Bort, the deck, the nest, Sapeda, turning” kalinya (risers) and horizontal (beds) framework hives.. Homemade design in this far from complete list of bee homes—are not uncommon. Sure: the new beehive, the author of which is repeated winner of all-Russian exhibitions of the best works of beekeepers, and (encouraging) a longtime friend of our magazine, will be greeted with interest by all interested readers.

Any hives are made in strict accordance with established requirements for these products. Wooden parts, for example, make nemolodoy pine, fir, spruce, cedar, aspen or lime. The moisture content of wood used for beehives and Ulevich framework should not exceed 15%, otherwise the finished product can warp and crack while drying. The original material is allowed to have a limited number of healthy intergrown knots (each billet can be no more than three, and the size of any should not exceed 1/5 of the width of the parts, and removal is not less than 65 mm from the end and 20 mm from the longitudinal edges). Holes of dropped-out knots, and partially accrete and not accrete the defects of wood be sure to close up inserts.

 
Primary sweep boards or beams perform sherhebelem — remove the “dirty” layer with a thickness of 3 mm. Rough handling (the chips are thinner than 2.5 mm) are single, and finish — dual plane. Final finishing of flat surfaces make the jointer.
Folds, grooves and quarters choose shaped plane. And rectangular quarters, and sharp folds — zenzubelem, folds and quarters installed size — halichoeres. Quirk used during selection of gutters, federgabel to vystragivanija median of the projections when the coupling parts in a pile and the crest (in the proposed design of the improvised hive such able, fortunately, to avoid).
 
As can be seen from the illustrations, as preparations for our hives used wooden boards from the boards. Recommended mix — in a quarter characterized by the fact that on the front side of the first Board choose a fold of a width of 10-15 mm and a depth equal to half the thickness of the future of the shield. Perform the same fold on the back side of the second Board abutting with the first.
 
Hive two bee
 
Hive two bee colonies:
 
I – bottom; II corps-riser; III case-LSAC; IV — shop, V — roof;
 
1 — door (2 W g), 2 — side panel bottom frame (2); 3 — bearing (2 PCs ); 4 — shield bottom; 5 — bracket-to-Pralaya(2pcs.); 6 — lattice Hanneman; 7 — Donna crossmember frame (2); 8 — shield housing strut, front (2 pieces); 9 — frame of a nested vertical (to 12 + 12 piece); 10 — wax 11 — short bracket (4 PCs ); 12 — shield housing-lounger, front (2); 13 — frame female horizontal arrangement (8 + 8); 14 — the shield store, a front (2 PCs.); 15 — frame store (8 + 8 PCs ); 16 — harness Crysis (with barred ventilation Windows in the sides), 17 — dig roof; 18 — roof metal; 19 — partition (two foil glass fiber, S-piece); 20 — shield shop, side (2 PCs); 21 — bracket long (2 PCs), 22 — shield housing-lounger, side (2 PCs); 23 — the shield casing-riser, side (2 PCs), 24 — a bunch of the bottom of the frame, front (2 PCs ); 25 — a bunch of the bottom of the frame, the Central; 26 — shoulder (2 pairs at each store and 3 pairs on the nesting frame), 27 — tick bars (2 PCs.)
 
 
Female frame (a) and its suspension (b) in the riser (dimensions housing - lounger in parentheses, correspond to the upper picture)

 
Female frame (a) and its suspension (b) in the riser (dimensions housing – lounger in parentheses, correspond to the upper figure).
 
Recommended methods of gluing of boards in the shield
 
Recommended ways of gluing boards to the shield:
 
1 connection in spout; 2 – connection in a groove and rail.

 
Is acceptable also another, equally strong and technologically advanced method of connection in a groove and rail. Its peculiarity is that the edges of joined boards choose equal-sized grooves. And do it in such a way that the fastening of the pair formed in the middle of the same groove into which then clog the rail thickness equal to the width of the grooves, and a width equal to the sum of the depths of the grooves of the connected boards.
 
Prepared for the Assembly of the shield parts must be located so that annual layers of boards were converted pith side out. Then glue them with subsequent compression and thorough drying. And adhesives used are only water-resistant, to ensure when spliting on the seam tensile strength of at least 20 kg/cm2. In the joints of the prefabricated elements of the hive (at the junction of bottom, body, shop, roof) gaps are not allowed.
 
The design of the hive modular, designed for 40 and 16 shortened (shop) framework. It can be quite at ease to place one bee colony from a nucleus or (in not less comfortable conditions, but with internal, illustrated by a partition), two bee colonies.
 
The two buildings of the hive can be asfaltowej and folds (13×10 mm in the upper outer part and 22×10 mm in the lower inner part of each of the shields) and have the form of boxes without bottom and lid, firmly shot down at the corners link in the quarter. The casing-riser designed to accommodate one or two nests of the bee family. It has 12+12 of the universal framework with metal shoulders rotated for vertical suspension on four short (460 mm long) brackets aluminum corner 10×10 mm.
 
Relative to the partition wall and the main notch (years Kava the gap and notches on the front shield) nest frames arranged perpendicularly. In the absence of shell-beds, but the contact with the bottom, empty and lid is a so — called warm skid, the most favorable for wintering weak families, allowing you to transfer heat to the entire club bees. In the summer, with the opening of the hole and ledovoi slit on the front shield, the air runs parallel to the cluster framework. It creates the most ventilation (the”cold drift”), is favorable for the bee colonies gaining strength day by day.
 
Well, in the lounger (which, incidentally, can be performed not only vertically partitioned box without bottom and lid, but to be a composite from two identical hulls with thin median wall) are 8 + 8 universal framework. Only the shoulder they are oriented differently: for horizontal suspension on the two long mounting brackets — aluminum corner 10×10 mm.
The bottom of the hive — detachable multi-functional, with folds in the upper inner parts of the edges selected for podstanovki to the casing-riser bottom (although it is possible that bespaleva design). In any case, the bottom includes a shield (putting in a quarter of multiple boards), the sides and the bottom crossmember of the frame, a pair of supports, the four bracket-guide (located at them two bars of Hanniman), the three lateral ligaments to tick grids and two side doors, each of which has ventilation notches. This design serves as a stable base of the hive, providing reliable protection from drafts, the infiltration of mice and birds; allows you to seamlessly move from “cold” to “warm drift” and virtually eliminates’t planned out the Queen bee out when swarming.
 
Equipment multifunctional bottom tick bars — not a fad but a necessity. Ectoparasites Varroa often fall from the body of the bees to the bottom of the hive. There they do not die and if there is no grid, you can still cling to the bees, ran along the bottom Falling through the same two-cell cellular metal or fabric mesh, the mites fall onto the pallet a sheet of heavy paper or plastic wrap (illustrations not shown) lubricated with a thin layer of vaseline. Sticking to the pallet, mites. Antiaromatase grid and the drip tray is periodically removed from the hive and clean
 
The purpose of the store (extension) — to create favorable conditions for the expansion of the volume of the nest of pchelino family. Post here frames less than the core (female), Cropped, and height of the store may have or may not have folds that partition. However, the internal dimensions of such extensions should exactly match the dimensions of the main body of the hive.
 
As the bottom, the roof of the makeshift hive is also multifunctional, with folds or without folds on the abutting part of Protecting the whole structure from rain, the roof also serves for ventilation (through the barred window in the side trim), and to embed the upper (head) winter warming in addition, the presence of the relatively high binding allows you to create a free Nakamoto the space required in the transport of bee colonies, but difficult for bees to place a feeder
 
The shield roof is nailed to the strapping with nails on Top of the usual covers all s sheet roofing steel size mm 800×630 the Edges and corners of the roof are thoroughly sealed to avoid injury during disassembly, moving, installation and covering of the hive.
 
The outer surface of the hive is processed linseed oil and painted two coats of white, blue or yellow paint.
 
Keep the hives in a dry closed by the Prosecutor or under a canopy the Primary notches (ledovyy gap) for winter covers for valve, installed on the front grille of Hanneman
 
S. KALASHNIKOV

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