Honey extractor

Honey extractor

Breeding bees, this profitable branch of agriculture, recently became engaged not only the owners of plots or sudebnyh mini uchastkov, notary one can hardly place unless some hives, but even respectable farmers. In the midst of summer bloom when bees are actively collecting honey, many of the owners of the apiaries there is a problem: how to quickly release and re-use honeycomb? Because of the lack of hive space “warehousing” of honey bees simply stop working.
One of the most acceptable solutions for the beekeeper (especially if he is a lover of building) — to get a homemade centrifugal honey extractor. For example, here’s the simplest, as shown in the figure. It is designed for only two frames with honey, but compact, with manual transmission. Works reliably, quickly and silently.
 
The proposed design is simple and quite capable for making even the novice. Welding work in a pinch, you can replace soldering.
 
Tank honey extractor it is advisable to make stainless steel, “white” (but “black”) sheet. But the use of galvanized iron is contraindicated. As, however, and for remaining in contact with honey large parts of the structure.
 
Paired with the lower half shaft of the rotor of remodulates bearing and sleeve rings with clips are made of bronze or brass to reduce friction losses. Although one of the prototypes of these items were, in truth, steel.
Frame with honeycomb lay in the packages. They both consist of two frames, tightened (see Fig.) the wire of the net and connected by steel lock plates and hinges-springs. And last, having the inner diameter 14 — 15 mm, without any difficulties and is mounted on the corresponding nodes of the rotor-rematerialise. During its rotation forms a centrifugal force which both packages, just turned and are pressed n the hoops-limiters. And contained in the comb honey is thrown against the walls of the tank and accumulates at the bottom. Hence, using an output device with a clamping overshadow it, preceives through a strainer, and is discharged into appropriate containers.
 
In order to avoid imbalance during rotation of the rotor of remodulates cannot be set in the honey extractors one pas with no frame. It should also be remembered that the level going in the bath valuable product should not exceed the height of the conical bottom so as not to interfere with the rotor. Must be timely to pour the honey through the valve, which open using a clamping screw.
 
Fig. 1. Mini honey extractor
 
Fig. 1. Mini honey extractor:
I — pot with brass bearing (Steel Х8Н9Т). 2 — rotor-remoderation, 3 — cell pack (2 PCs), 4 — film-the crossbar (St3, section 80×4 mm), 5 — bevel gear hand drive (from discarded farm equipment), 6 — stand-bracket hand drive (St3, thickness 4 mm), 7 — shaft-arm (ST5), 8 — Bush ring lock (bronze or brass, 2 PCs.), 9 — bolt M10 with nut (2 PCs.) 10 — screw the M10 nut (2 PCs.)
II — the locking screw (2 PCs), 12 — drain valve

 
 
Fig. 2. Rotor-remodelate:
1 — front (Steel Х18Н9Т section 40×4 mm, 2 PCs.), 2 — the upper crossmember (Steel Х18Н9Т section 40×4 mm), 3 — driveshaft upper (Steel 45), 4 — wrap-rotation limiter cell packs (Steel Х18Н9Т), 5 — lower crossmember (Steel Х18Н9Т), 6 — lower driveshaft (Steel 45), 7 — fixing unit lower driveshaft pack (2 PCs.), 8 — node mounting the upper axle package (2 PCs).
 

Fig. 3. Pack cell (laying inside the frame with honeycombs conventionally not shown):
 
Fig. 3. Pack cell (laying inside the frame with honeycombs conventionally not shown):
1 — frame(СтальХ18Н9Т,толщина2,5mm, 2 PCs.), 2 — pad lock (Steel Х18Н9Т, thickness 2.5 mm, 4 PCs.), 3 — loop spring (3 mm Nickel-plated steel wire, 2 PCs.), 4 — stiffener weld (Steel Х18Н9Т section 20×2,5 mm, 4-piece), 5 — mesh wire chrome-plated (each of RAM).

 
For ease of operation honey extractors placed on podstava (Fig. not shown) so that the shaft arm was at the level of the elbow. About honey extractor set a special table for respective combs. Don’t forget also to take care in advance about the dishes with hot water to heat the center of the knives and the already mentioned sieve for straining honey, hang to drain from the tank, under the flap.
 
The honeycomb in the frames in the honey extractor, rotate with a small acceleration, bringing the speed up to 70-80 per minute. Moreover, to avoid damage to fragile combs, the first side partially deflate; and then the frame turned over and the second side is already fully pumped. Then flip the frame again and now it really extract the honey through.
At the end of the honey extractor thoroughly washed, steamed. Then it dried. Honey comb after the Stripping of honey put up for final clearance by the bees.
 
Well dried frame with honeycomb is used again, returning them to the hive.
 
Of course, the above illustration and description of the centrifugal honey extractor should not be seen as the only sample, but only as a proven life option that focuses on a very specific “material database”. Everyone has the same samedelman their terms. And of course, they will be forced to approach the matter creatively. To accommodate, for example, an existing conical friction gear from the broken washing machine (centrifuge) instead of the recommended gear. Maybe acceptable to some will be the production version cell packages with metal and wooden frames as the most affordable…
 
Well, creative search, a reasonable initiative is welcome. Good luck to you, zealous and inquisitive!
 
Yury POLYAKOV, the inventor with the experience, Moscow

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