In the “M-K” is not just talked about different designs and the complexity of the tillers. They were mostly two-wheeled options. I think that the homebrew in vain underestimate the dignity of the unicycle scheme. Indeed, such a cultivator is a simple, inexpensive to manufacture and operate, lightweight, and therefore less soil sealing, maneuverable — able to work where two-wheelers do not go, and finally, it is convenient to storage — you can hang it with a bracket on the wall. On the other hand, such a scheme places high demands on the layout of units, since the position of the center of gravity of the machine in longitudinal and transverse direction determines the ease of working with it. When installing the engine over the wheel — even of small diameter — the overall center of gravity is too high. In addition, the relatively small weight of the required traction wheels with the ground a mere development of the cleats is not achieved. The solution to both problems is to shift the engine forward. This provides the minimum height of centre of gravity and at the same time, there is an allowance of force pressing the wheel down due to the balancing pressure of the operator on the handle. The extra traction helps in the cultivation front of the working body — the horizontal legs having a negative angle of attack.
The location of the working body on the frame is also essential for balancing of the layout. So, when testing with the rear linkage of the cultivator or plow the furrows for direct demanded from the operator a certain skill. Front guns changed the behavior of walking tractor: the wheel was laid on the furrow as a guide, making the beds was obtained as a ruler! Automatically maintaining a constant penetration of the working tool provided with a copying wheel, rigidly associated with the front fork and adjusting rod.
Fig: 1.General view of the walk-behind cultivation:
Requirements for engine balancing scheme is also somewhat more rigorous: in addition to providing the necessary power and cooling, it should have small weight and dimensions. On my walk-behind tractor has an engine from a moped W-5V. Forced cooling — centrifugal fan, the impeller is mounted via made in the cover plate hole to the flywheel of the engine to the place of installation of the puller. The fan casing is made of thin sheet metal, has a Central inlet and tangential outlet that connects the corrugated hose to the vent on the cylinder. The necessary cooling of the engine can provide and the system with the blower motor on the basis of a DC motor (the brand MAN 12/5) with the impeller in a metal housing. When side mounted in the edges of the head will need to drill some through holes 15 d mm Voltage to the motor terminals is supplied through the diode rectifier mounted inside the fan shroud on the textolite plate, from the winding, lighting maggino you want to rewind a wire of smaller cross section, increasing the number of turns by half.
Fig. 2. Frame:
1 — bracket, rear hitch, 2 — lug fixing screw focus control knobs. 3 — mounting plate handle, 4 — emphasis tensioner. 5 — bracket housing of the intermediate shaft 6. the upper engine mounts, 7 — place engine mounts, 8 — sleeve for front attachment of the working tool.
Frame of thick-walled steel tube ø 33 mm. of Its side arcs are welded on one side of the cut rough with the internal d 33 mm, oriented horizontally and on the opposite side in the vertical steel sleeve with outer ø 40 mm. the First is for the front installation of the working tool, and the second to be coupled to a two-wheeled trailer. Vertical steel strip 6 mm thick welded in the front part of the frame has the lugs for the engine mounts. The top engine mount welded to the vertical forms the arc of a tubular frame bracket. He also serves as a support for the installation of the fuel tank, borrowed from the bike and the ignition coil of type B-300.