“SWEET” AUTO-TRAIN

Not so long ago, with retirement, I seriously take up beekeeping. But our region is not rich in melliferous plants, so during the season we have to move with the whole apiary from one place to another six or seven times. To transport hives I to their pickup IZH-27151-01 produced a trailer which you can install eight buildings. This capacity is provided by the fact that for a passenger car trailer is quite unusual — it is biaxial. In the manufacture of many trailer parts and components used from the disused vehicles and agricultural equipment. Given the time developing designs and search of the necessary parts and materials trailer I did for two months.

The trailer frame structure. And both bridges have their own, separate subframes that are associated with the main, common frame. The details of these assemblies are made of rectangular steel tube section 60x40x2 mm and welded together.

Rear subframe connected to the main frame rigidly — welded via the transverse cantilever pads-spacers of the same tube.

The front subframe to the frame are connected pivotally through the turntable. This node is taken from the decommissioned agricultural forager FN-1. The circle consists of two rings (top and bottom) arranged between the balls freely roll along the paths inside of the rims. The knot is lubricated with grease. The upper rim is attached to the main frame, and the lower to the steering subframe. To do this in front of the frame and subframe welded in the middle of the two jumpers of the same rectangular tube 60x40x2. Mount the rims to the jumpers made М18хх55 bolts (with washers and nuts). The reliability of this unit during operation, no doubt, since in normal use it works in more severe conditions.

 

Two-axle trailer for car

 

Two-axle trailer for car

Two-axle trailer for a passenger car:

1 — rear subframe; 2 — absorber (4 PCs); 3 — frame; 4 — bracket (St3 sheet s3, 4x); 5 — lining; 6 — a lateral folding Board (Board s20,2); 7 — the front sub-frame; 8 — canopy (St3, strip 25×4, 9 items); 9 — longitudinal thrust (square tube 40x40x3, 2); 10 — pole (square pipe 40x40x3); 11 — tip (from the steering control of the tractor “Belarus”); 12 — spring (4 sets); 13 — the ladder (8 PCs); 14 — earring(4pcs.); 15 — the wheel (4 PCs); 16 — signal combination lamp (2 PCs); 17 — beam axle (steel steel 60x60x4,2); 18—wheel hub; 19 — axle with flange; 20 is a flange of a bridge (St3, the sheet s8); 21 — lock (UAZ-452); 22 — (12 PCs); 23 — boarding (Board s30); 24 — the cutting Board (Board s20); 25 — turntable (from forager FN-1); 26— the pin of the drawbar (St3, rod d20. 2); 27 — connector wiring rear lights;
parts 1,3,5,7 made of pipe 60x40x2; details 2,12,13,14,15,16,18,19 from the car “Moskvich-412”

Both suspensions (front and rear) wheels of a trailer made according to the type of the rear suspension of the tractor vehicle “IZH-27151-01”. So some of the details and products they used factory production car “Moskvich”: shock absorbers, springs, ladders, earrings and other.

Spring brackets made of steel sheet of 3 mm thickness and welded to the subframes in the front part thereof. In the rear part hinged earrings.

As the axes of the wheels fitted to the axles swivel arms of the front wheels of the car “Moskvich”, which cut off the upper and lower stands, and left the axle with flanges.

Beam bridges (front and rear) made of thick-walled square tube 60x60x4 mm with their ends welded steel rectangular plate with dimensions 140×80 mm thickness 8 mm. At the corners of the plate-flange drilled holes, the holes on the flanges of the axes (axles) of wheels. The flanges of the axle beam and wheel axle are connected by the same bolts as on the base car. Wheels and hubs with bearings also moskovichevskoe.

Because the hives with the bees that were to be transported on the trailer, the cargo is very delicate, the suspension of the wheels, or rather the beams of bridges to the cradle, did a soft — spring. And the trailer with cargo too was shaking on bumpy roads and offroad, the suspension mounted and dampers.

The towing device consists of two longitudinal rods, drawbar and tip.

Longitudinal traction is made from 40x40x3 square tube and welded the bottom to the pivoting frame. The pole is a structure welded from the crossmember (steel area No. 7) comprising the drawbar (steel square tube 40x40x3) and the body of the damper (a hollow cylinder with holes in end walls). The damper allows you to soften the shock load from the trailer to the body and drivetrain of the car, especially when pulling away and braking.

 

Frame and frame

Frame and subframes:

a — frame; b — front subframe — rear subframe, parts of frames and subframes made of pipe 60x40x2;
items marked with* from the pipe 40x40x3

The cross member of the drawbar at the ends of the horizontal shelf is cut off, and the remaining portion of the vertical shelves are bent back at 90° to form the lugs. In the ears and front ends of the rods drilled the corresponding holes, and the parts are connected pivotally by means of a cylindrical steel fingers.

The damper is a rod with a flange in the middle, on either side of which are wearing normally stretched spring, and all these items are placed in the body. I have a welded hull design not folding — I think that is not great, so the picture here is only the principle of operation of the device.

The outer end of the rod through a cylindrical adapter is connected with the perpendicular tip. Tip taken from the steering mechanism of the tractor “Belarus”. It is a conical pin with thread on the more subtle end. Before transporting the trailer, the tip is inserted into a tapered hole Kron-Stein-parcopa by car.

To ensure traffic safety on the rear of the trailer are mounted two combined lantern with marker, rotating, stop-signal, and backup lamps. Wiring to the lanterns skipped inside one of the middle longitudinal tubes of the main frame. Connects wiring to the electrical system through multi-pin connector stickery.

On the body frame is made of decking, grooved boards with a thickness of 30 mm Boards pressed in the front and rear platform parts steel strips with a cross-section 25×4 mm, which are attached to the frame by bolts М6х75 every 300 mm.

 

Trailer with wooden sides of the grooved boards with 20 mm thick Boards boards attached to the posts (three on Board) with bolts М6х30. Front Board — rigid. It stands welded to the front crossmember of the frame. The rest of the side flip; their racks are mounted to the frame with a canopy made of steel strip 25×4 mm. In the raised (closed) position of the fixed side locks, taken from the old truck UAZ.

The scheme of fastening of hives on the trailer and in the back of a pickup truck shown in the picture. Auto body made of removable wood flooring, recruited from the boards of 30 mm thickness by two parallel bars. The height of the flooring equal to the projections of the wheel housings above the floor of the body. Flooring allows you to place in the back four hives and all beekeeping equipment. The hive in the back secured with nylon rope.

 

The scheme of fastening of hives on the trailer and in the back of the car

The scheme of fastening of hives on the trailer and in the back of the car “IZH-27151-01”:

1 — vehicle; 2 — the hive by car (4 PCs); 3 — strands of nylon rope (4 pieces); 4 — deck body (Board s30); 5 — clip (St3, the sheet s4, 6 PCs); 6 — tightening the rod (rod d12, 6 PCs); 7—clamping strip (Board s30, 2); 8 — coupling with nut M12 and washer (6 PCs); 9 — hive on the trailer (8 PCs.)

 

The trailer can freely fit eight hives. Since the point (the site of long-term Parking for the purpose of collecting a bribe of bees) of the hive with the trailer are not removed, their attachment here is a more thorough — using Reiki and tightening steel rods. Rods with a hook at one end, engages with the hole in the bracket. Brackets bolted to the deck of the trailer. The other end of the rod is inserted into the hole in the rail and tightened the top nut.

In the Parking lot of the trailer sides recline. The area of the platform allows you the freedom to maintain the hives directly on the trailer.

It is clear without comments and the fact that the trailer can carry any other goods, by the piece and in bulk.

I. SHEVCHENKO, the village of Staraya Poltavka, Volgograd region

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