It is no accident XII-IX century BC historians call the “dark ages”. During this period, the tribes inhabiting the Northern and Eastern coast of the Mediterranean sea, meeting face-to-face, marked the beginning of numerous clashes peoples. Ancient States were dissolved in the mass of the conquerors, and the free lands of the new colony. Art, and knowledge fell into decay, was perfected as a weapon. In the center of these events was Phoenicia, a city which has turned into a different camp. But not only the fear carried with them the conquerors, has never had the Phoenicians faced with a variety of designs and decoration of ships that washed up on their shores. This was the impetus for the development of shipbuilding. In the main shipyard in the Middle East actively adopt foreign experience, adapted it to new conditions.
In these troubled times most popular in the fleets were long warships, fitted with rams for the Cretan type. In an effort to make them bigger, ship master increased the length of the vessels, but in this case almost all the space inside the ship occupied the main “engine” of the time — rowers, whose number on the ships of this type were, apparently, about 50 people. Accordingly, it is not possible to increase the number of soldiers in the boarding team. In addition, the long ships compared to the short, was less maneuverable and less durable.
In the same period, warships began to grow in height and they had towers for the gunners, with the result that the crews of the enemy suffered heavy losses among their rowers.
Truly revolutionary invention that made it possible to resolve all these contradictions, has become the equipment of the ships second deck or canopy above the rowers. This increased width and increased significantly the stability of ships, which allowed them to be equipped with a mast with a sail, and numerous boarding team and steering could be located on the upper deck.