Throughout the military conflict in the Persian Gulf (operation “desert Storm”) in most of the media’s constant attention was paid to the action of the American missile defense system “Patriot”. Its successful use against Iraqi “Scud” (see “M-K” № 8’92) launched on the civilian facilities of Israel and Saudi Arabia, was rightly described as a triumph of modern military equipment.
Although after the first launch of “Patriot” against “Scud” January 23, 1991, Iraqi attempts by terrorist attacks and has not stopped, whenever possible, they were suppressed. During operation “desert Storm” missiles “patriot” destroyed 39 of 62 launched the “Scud”. Against the rest of the “patriots” were unaffected, as computing the air defense system was determined by theoretical unattainable goal. In fairness it should be noted that many of the “Scud” due to various reasons and faults in most cases they themselves exploded over the desert.
The development of a new anti-aircraft missile system (ADMS) designed to replace the long-range SAM “Nike-Hercules” and the middle of the action “Improved hawk” started in the USA in the early 70-ies. In 1976 he was awarded the title “Patriot”. The first launches of the same name the surface to air missile the target was held in 1976, and moving in 1977.
It should be noted that the system “Patriot” originally never intended as a tactical anti-missile capabilities and was designed exclusively against aircraft. The possibility of its use in a new role appeared only after the next jump in the development of computers and technology. (For information in improving the original “Patriot” initial 200 electronic modules included in the control system of the rocket, in the end was replaced by the 13 “chips”!). A significant change in the algorithms of the program, enabling the radar beam of the system “homing” (why they put quotation marks, you will understand when you learn more about the guidance system) tracking ballistic target trajectory, helped to redesign the modification of RAS-2 n for the destruction of the missiles.