Military experts, specializing in the use of armored vehicles on the battlefield, is among others one burning question. In military conflicts, in anti-terrorist operations are widely used armored personnel carriers, infantry vehicles, armored cars. Often on the March, the nomination for appointed positions, with participation in the patrol raids, reconnaissance actions on their roofs, the buildings, the sides are soldiers infantry, paratroopers, reconnaissance, preferring the roofs of armored compartments and parlors, the places inside the body. They, not without reason, believe that there is more likely to survive if the car gets into an ambush or a RAID on the mine and will start firing from all sides, or even hit from a grenade. This is especially justified if the movement occurs in an open area. But to find the enemy off the roof easier than using glass or prismatic devices, besides being in a confined space.
There is another view. Experts supporting it, insist on the need for actions of crews on the movement of Marines under the protection of armor, not way outside it. However, the weight of the APC, BA is increasing steadily due to increasing bookings, reaching many tens of tons, even comparing with the tanks.
The first view is held, for example, military experts, which implies the conduct of hostilities and operations in countries, most of which are located in the plains. This is understandable – in the plains is not difficult to see the enemy and at great distances. The crew leading, say, exploration or patrol, from may in this case cause combat units. In such operations it is possible to do without heavy armored personnel carriers, armored cars.
English Supecat company Limited (“Supacat limited” – “Supercock”) since the early 1980s, supplying its military “high-mobility vehicle – NMT (High Mobilité Tpansporter)”, as stated in the advertisement of the company, in the army of his country and other States. Since 2008, war Department buys cars company armored Supecat 400 Jackal (the Jackal), Supecat 600 Coyote (“the Coyote”) and now BA Extenda, which is the successor of the “family of similar categories and tasks SUVs NTM”, which became very successful lately. These machines are considered to be “more flexible when driving over rough terrain in a war situation” than in the service “land Rover.” A considerable significance is the possibility of transporting by air military transport helicopter CH-47 Chinook (“Chinook”).
Military armored car “the Jackal” consists of a 7.62 mm commander’s machine gun and large-caliber GPMG 12.7 mm HMG, located aft on the rotary turret, it is possible to install 40-mm grenade launcher
Armor protection BA “Ekstenda” 6×6:
1 – armor tabs ballistic protection; 2 – armored crew seats; 3 – armor plates and elements mine protection bottom
Test of the armored car on the Australian plains to the conclusion of the contract for their supply to the army of Australia, 2009.
“Coyote”, “dressed” in additional armored set
Stern of the armored car with the additional armor protection and broeksema
Armored vehicles “the Jackal”, developed in 2008, immediately began to use British military forces in Iraq and Afghanistan. Their tasks included reconnaissance, observation of the terrain, patrolling, in other words, obtaining specific information about the environment, and to inform the command. However, these armored vehicles can fire their weapons and to support fighting infantry units. They showed a good tactical vehicles, highly mobile and maneuverable, with adequate armament and payload, able to make long raids.
Design is lightly armored open-top cars, so protection from rifle and machine-gun fire is quite weak in the upper hemisphere it is non-existent. Therefore, in the army they are called “machines that open to all the winds.” More attention is paid to the protection against explosions of mines, roadside bombs, and other explosive devices. The bottom has a V-shape that reduces the impact of shock waves, the seats are equipped with armor plates, their backs equipped with armor inserts. Interestingly, a considerable advantage of this design is the possibility of rapid evacuation of the crew.
Because calling the “jackals” -“found – reported – gone”, they are relatively light – their weight of 6.7 tons, the fastest speed is up to 120 km/h on motorways and 90 km/h on rough terrain. They are the vehicles with the wheel formula 4×4. High technical quality ensures Cummins diesel turbo is 6.7 HP and power 185 HP
The crew of the armored car – three. The commander sits in the front seat on the left, to the right – the driver. In the back seat is the shooter.
Arms “Jackal” is very powerful. The commander has a 7.62 mm GPMG machine gun, the shooter is firing from large-caliber 12.7-mm HMG, located aft on the rotating turret – is it can be installed small-caliber automatic cannon or 40mm grenade launcher. In addition, the crew, if necessary, uses smoke grenades, missile launchers which are located on the case front and back.
For communication with the command and the possibility of transmission of emergency information, the armored car is equipped with equipment tactical communications BOWMAN. Equipped with fire protection system.
Load capacity of armored vehicles-about 1.5 MT, which allows them to carry ammo, extra fuel tanks, and other equipment. On one filling of the fuel tank, the car can go 600 to 800 km.
According to press reports, the unit cost of BA “the Jackal” is about 500 thousand dollars.
Using the chassis Supecat 400 Jackal by the same company “Supacat limited” releases its enlarged version – the armored Supecat 600 Coyote (“Coyote”), This machine is of the same purpose, has a similar structure. However, has improved driving characteristics – the wheel formula 6×6. Significantly increased load capacity. Although “addition” of another rear axle cost mass increases to 10.5 T.
“Coyote” can be equipped with various special equipment, different combat units, communications equipment, observation devices.
Armored car-“transformer” “Supacat of Ekstenda” in variants with the wheel formula 4×4 and 6×6. Machine configuration transformered by adding or removing modular Autonomous construction of the third bridge
Armored car HTM 600 “Coyote”, created on the basis of the NTM 400 “Jackal”. The support columns. Afghanistan, 2011
Machine “Ekstenda” can be transported by air military transport helicopter CH-47 Chinook (Chinook)
The armored car “Ekstenda” 4×4. Weight – 6700 kg, load capacity 2100 kg, the crew-3 people. Suspension allows you to change the ground clearance from 180 to 485 mm
The armored vehicle Supacat Extenda 6×6 British army
Armored patrol 400 Supacat Jackal 2A. British base “camp Bastion”, Helmand province, Afghanistan, 2008
The following representative and successor of the ruler of NMT was the armored car Extenda (“Ekstenda”). Note that the “extend to” matter “to stretch, to lengthen,” loosely translated as”transformed”. Although its basic version is also not set, but this set, protected from exposure to small arms fire, artillery shell splinters and mines developed. It includes armor plates protect the underbody kit side shields, armored seats. All of this can be installed together or separate parts according to the customer’s request.
The crew of the armored car is increased to four. However, the composition of weapons and equipment is not modified: 7.62-mm and 12.7-mm machine gun, grenade launcher, smoke grenades.
BA “Ekstenda” available in 4×4 or 6×6, and transformirovalsya configuration by adding or removing modular Autonomous construction of the third bridge. This quick bridge subject to heavy loads or movement through difficult terrain is used in conjunction with its various nodes. For brakes, electrical systems, suspension used quick mounting. On the contrary, if you need maneuverability, a maximum speed, it is easy to dismantle.
Another significant advantage of the machine is that the suspension allows you to change the ground clearance from 180 to 485 mm, which is very important when driving both on flat and rugged terrain.
TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CAR HTM EXTENDA
The 4×4 model has a capacity of about 2.1 tons, adding a third axis allows to increase it to 3.9 t Increased the reserve from 700 to 800 km.
The company’s products Supecat widely used in the British army. In 2008 – 2009 she was put into service parts armored NTM 400 Jackal 4×4, 2009-2010 – NTM 600 4×4 Coyote, and now the troops will get and HTM Extenda 4×4 and 6×6. About 1,000 machines are already available in army units.
According to the document “Transforming the British army 2020”, drawn up in 2013, these armored vehicles will be the main light in the regular reconnaissance regiments.
Interest in the armored car was expressed by the USA, Belgium, Finland, Denmark. The military command of Australia has already signed a contract to supply its army with new BA Extenda. On the vast plains of this country there are great opportunities to use light and fast car-transformer.
TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ARMORED CAR HTM 400.
Engine power, HP…………………..185
Speed on highway, km/h…………………..120
Speed on country road, km/h…………………90
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