For Winter has developed a new gearbox for the first time in the history of the plant she had synchronizers on second and third gear (remember that in the absence of synchromesh the driver had to change gear with double squeezing the clutch and blipping). In addition, the gear lever mounted on the steering column – this box appeared to “Win”, the 21 th Volga, and other cars produced by the plant.
Generally speaking, WINTERS became the bearer of many innovative solutions. Among them was and hypoid rear axle with a continuous sump in combination with a two-section driveshaft, which allowed the designers to lower the floor level and get rid of the tunnel under the driveshaft.
The rear suspension on two longitudinal semi-elliptic leaf springs running complete with two hydraulic double acting shock absorbers.
Each of the springs consisted of ten leaves, tightened the Central bolt and four clips.
Front suspension – coil springs, independent, on the wishbone; shock absorbers – hydraulic, double acting.
Steering-steering had, but driving a car was easy enough – helped the steering wheel of large diameter and increased to 18.2 transmission ratio of the steering gearbox.
In 1949 it was collected several running prototypes of the future Winter. It should be mentioned that the first prototypes of the sides were smooth, as on “Victory,” however, what was good for the machine in length 4665 mm, looked too monotone-5530-mm limo. The following prototypes of the car’s design was improved in the area of the rear wheels on the side were made of punch, simulating a non-existent wings.
Salon Winter were trimmed though without much luxury, but stylish and high quality. Used in the finishing of chrome and painted wood items, plastic imitating ivory, fabrics, muted shades.
Six-cylinder 95 horsepower engine GAZ-12 (ZIM)
The plumage of the GAZ-12 (ZIM)
Hood space of the car
Steel spring front suspension GAZ-12 (ZIM):
1,2 – levers of the shock absorber; 3 – absorber; 4 – upper-bumper; 5 – cross member of the frame; 6 – spring; 7 – finger; 8 – lower control arm; 9 – the bearing Cup; 10 – a bolt; 11 – rack; 12 – lower buffer stop
Spring rear suspension
The rear seat of the Winter. One of the seats of strapontins removed, the other tilted
Executive GAZ-12 (ZIM)
Basic dimensions of the cabin Winter
The ambulance GAZ-12B
The car was equipped with a radio, f-4, which was chistianity a superheterodyne with push-button range switch. There were three ranges – long wave, medium wave and shortwave. Telescopic whip receiver antenna was located on the left front fender. The power tube of the receiver was carried out from an onboard network of the circuit of the filament of each pair of lamps connected in series and energized from her directly, and the anode circuit from the vibrator, which produces a current with a voltage of about 200 V. When operating this receiver consumes the current in the 3 to 4 And, therefore, when the engine is off are not recommended to use more than five hours.
On 7 November 1949 the first prototype of GAZ-12 ZIM took part in the festive demonstration in Gorky. And after three months the car was shown at the Moscow Kremlin Stalin and his entourage. According to eyewitnesses, a car like the manual, and even Stalin praised WINTERS. Having ascertained, however, that the car was designed by A. A. Lipgart, which, in his opinion, lay the blame for the halt in production of “Victory”, Stalin was grim and asked the Minister of the automotive industry: “Why ne punished?” The words of the leader fell on manured soil in December, 1951 A. A. Liphart was deprived of the post of chief designer of Gas, and in 1952 was sent to the city of Miass, an engineer at the Ural automotive plant.
It should be noted that in Miass designer gift of time is not lost – according to his proposals and his involvement was modernized Ural truck ZIS-5. In 1953, after Stalin’s death, the designer was transferred to Moscow, where he headed the Department of “Cars” in Bauman. Bauman. At the same time A. A. Lipgart has worked as Chief designer in the US.
In October 1950, was collected by the first industrial batch of GAZ-12 (ZIM), and a year later held the state tests three cars with a full load – each run was about 21 000 km.
In addition to the seven-seat Executive sedan ZIM produced in the GAS-12A (taxi) and GAZ-12B (ambulance). At this sanitary ZIM had a glass partition behind the front sofa, two located one behind the other folding chair and a stretcher, sadogashima into the cabin through the cover of the former trunk. The car was painted in a light beige color. Taxi was no different, Executive Winter, mainly by the presence of the taximeter and upholstery – instead of velour or cloth was used for her artificial skin.
In just ten years, mass production was made on 21 527 cars WINTERS. Since 1957, in the name of the Gorky automobile plant named after Molotov was abolished, the name fell into disgrace, Minister of foreign Affairs Vyacheslav Molotov, respectively, and WINTERS turn into a GAZ-12…