The construction of the cellars starts with the Foundation. To do this, the perimeter of digging a trench with a depth of 30— 40 cm and a width of 70-80 cm On the outer side of the trenches set the plate of foam with a height of 30-40 cm If only packing foam, its pre-wrapped with roofing material. Installing such plates are pursuing two goals: prevent the freezing floor of the cellar in the winter and penetration of rodents. After the installation of the insulation trench is filled with sand to 10-15 cm above ground level. Then, on the surface, a few larger cellars, on the sand put a waterproofing from two or three layers of plastic film or roofing material. Top waterproofing is also filled with sand and a surface level.
As supports of the basement cellar use side stones, pieces of piles, any of the standard blocks with sufficient strength. Number of supports depends on a beam put in the lower harness of the cellar, but the distance between supports should not exceed 70 cm Gaps between the pillars are filled with foam (Fig. 2).
The frame is assembled from wooden boards section 100×50 mm., Three cellar walls do slant, and only the front where the entrance is vertical. The roof are in the form of a truncated pyramid.
This form helps to hold snow on the roof of the cellar that makes it easier to keep warm under it (Fig. 6).
The walls are double, the distance from the outer to the inner trim panel is 60 cm the Space between them filled with insulation — industrial waste albastru-zechnich plates. The choice of this type of insulation is that it does not infest insects and it retains heat quite well. As insulator can be used and other materials such as foam, glass wool, hardboard and others. In a pinch, you can fill up the cellar walls simple sawdust, pre-treating them from rotting by kreazota, or other suitable means.