Mushrooms began to grow in Russia not less than two hundred years ago. In the early nineteenth century these mushrooms were successfully cultivated, the gardeners of St. Petersburg, a pioneer among which is considered peasant Osinin, a native of Yaroslavl province. Famous dynasties mushroom from Moscow, Novgorod, Tver and other cities, used for the cultivation of their products specialized greenhouses (Fig. A).
A great contribution to the development of domestic mushroom production introduced Efim Andreevich Grachev is the author of the first Russian manual On “cultivation of mushrooms”. He also designed a sophisticated agricultural techniques of growing mushrooms. Moreover, designed the original zamifenacin (emigrado) champignons greenhouse (Fig. B) well-proven for a century and a half and did not lost its relevance for today’s farmers. Grachev was able to organize its own exemplary mushroom production, which gave 4 tons of mushrooms per year, which amounted to one-third of the total production of mushrooms in St. Petersburg. When sent to market the mushrooms were laid out in wicker baskets with six pieces in each of These baskets on the farm Grachev annually produces up to one million.
The art of cultivation of mushrooms in Grachev is to prepare the soil. They need to have sufficient warmth and humidity. In addition to specialized greenhouses can be used as additional space where you can maintain a steady temperature (winter is not below + 8 °C) and provide fresh air. Preference is given to greenhouses, storage cellars. However, it is not recommended to grow mushrooms in the basement of residential houses, high humidity, separation of ammonia with soil, frequent disinfection of the soil causes premature wear of these structures.