Long-awaited summer, and with it the time of descent of your windsurfer on the water. But how to start it moving on the water surface? How to rotate? And it is at first, and perhaps most importantly, to get back to shore?
Let it be a warm day with even a mild wind. A workout space should be away from waterways.
A prerequisite of the first way — blowing toward the shore the wind: it will help you to return to the land. The water in the day needs to be warm to during the inevitable falls you are cold.
So the windsurfer on the water. Fully armed the sail is on the shore, and you, of course, do not forget to wear a life jacket and sneakers. First of all, go along with the Board-float at such a depth that the Centerboard does not reach to the bottom. Now safely stand on the Board upright (Fig. 1A), placing the feet parallel to the mooring structure.
Try to keep the balance. In five minutes you will know what to do this is not difficult. Rock the float feet from port to starboard several times, turn around, step over, shifting weight from one foot to the other, and you will see stability Board (Fig. 1B).
If you have a slight paddle is of sufficient length to row standing up, then grab it and swim for some time (Fig. 1B). This exercise will allow you to get used to the float, make sure it stability, agility and that move through the water you can stand. All this is necessary so in the future when working with a sail problem maintain balance, not distracted.
Soon you will feel known ease, the float will be comfortable and familiar: it means that it is necessary to approach the shore and begin the next stage of training — with a sail.
The sail should be put in the water on the leeward side of the float. Put it in water and insert the key steps of the mast into the slot on the float (Fig. 2). Take a seat on the Board should be back to the wind, and the face of the sail, the feet must be on both sides of the mast in the middle of the float.
Using the start-sheet carefully lift the sail out of the water (Fig. 3). When the mast is upright, hold her hand, dropping the sail in the wind like a weather vane. He will show you the direction of the wind. Depending on this you will be able to choose the course and the reference point towards which to move.
Now place your hands on hicok stand in a way to be Back and sideways to the wind, and the foot should be as shown in figure 4. Tilt the mast forward until you feel that the windsurfer began to move, and then gradually return the mast to a vertical position. Note that during the lift the sail from the water, the bobber can turn nose to the wind. To return it to its original position, you need to use the sail as shown in figure 5, and only after that start moving.
But then came speed! Now you need to ensure that the position of the sail relative to the wind direction at the selected rate was optimal. Here pertinently to remember how to work the sail under the action of aerodynamic forces of the wind
The sail of the windsurfer, as you already know (“M-K”, n 1, 1977), not only generates thrust but also plays the role of helm. How to use this traction to maneuver? You hold hicok a mast with a sail, the feel in the hands of its elastic rod (the total aerodynamic force) and by tilting the mast forward or backward can create the required moment of forces that deploy to the rider when maneuvering or to save the selected course.
For maximum traction on all courses, except pure gybe (the wind is blowing strongly in the stern), it is necessary to keep the sail at this angle to the wind that its front edge was on the verge of zapalskiene. If the sail is moved, dramatically increases the drift, and the thrust is reduced; if the sail paddles (that is, he is gleaning), it will not develop full thrust. Optimal is the position of the sails when the wind is directed along the tangent to the front edge.
So, you go to the course and the sail is working optimally. But it is time to rotate. Windsurfer, like any other sailing ship, able to make two types of turns: a tack is when the bow crosses the wind, and the wind — when the wind crosses the feed line.
Tacking is done if you move, “rising on the wind” (Fig. 6). To run, tilt the mast back and move up until the nose of the windsurfer does not cross the wind line. During this time you must have time to go around the front of the mast, leaving the sail to its original position as long as the nose of the surfer does not “indicate” the direction of the new tack. Having completed the turn, start to move with tilt of mast forward as described above.
Fig. 9. The core courses of a sailboat relative to the wind.
If you are “down under the wind” and there is a need to change tack, then you rotate the wind (Fig. 7). Tilt the mast into the wind, gradually turning the float stern to the wind, and his hands moving closer to the mast. Then grab hold of the mast and pull it back a little: the sail will be situated along the float skotovi angle forward, but the stern crosses the wind line. Remains perehvatit for hicok on the other side of the sail and gradually fill it with wind. The position of the Tepa during a turn remains unchanged.
For training try often to change tacks and go in different courses.
Well, if you want to take part in competitions, then you have to learn how to round the marks (buoys). The simplest race distance for competitions in Windsurfing is given in figure 8.
From workout to workout will grow and your ability to walk on a windsurfer. The time will come, and strong gusty wind will make your surfer glissirovat, slide on the crest of the waves. How can you do? With moderate and strong wind it is necessary to change the counter, one foot should rest on the steps of the mast and the other for drift boats to put the well closer to the windward Board. Hands on the gig must be positioned so that the mast can be tilted to keep the wind; it is necessary to squat and to deflect the wind so that the sail was not hard to keep. The stronger the wind, the more boldly to meet him otkrenivat sail and perform all the maneuvers faster and sharper.
The pleasure you will receive from the rapid slide through the waves in a strong wind, worth and many fall during training, and the deadly fatigue of the first days departed on the “curbing” of the windsurfer.
So, good luck!