CAR TO GIVE

CAR TO COTTAGEUnder this title in the “photo stitch” (“modelist-Konstruktor” No. 2’93) was first published information about my home — country car. Since then, the mail never ceased wearing me letters, authors were asked to elaborate on his design. Reply all, of course, I couldn’t and now am glad to be able to do it on the pages of the magazine.

The title of their country the car, I specifically did not come up, so for convenience of description I will conditionally call it the “summer people”.
 
When designing a “summer resident” I was guided by the desire to make it as easy as possible and with the least cost, bearing in mind the rule “the simpler, more reliable”, so in the course went all the materials on hand. The validity of this rule confirmed time: five years winter and summer I go to my car and very happy with them — there was no serious damage. Moreover, everywhere, wherever we stopped, “Cottager” attracts the attention of passers-by. Surprise their small size and large capacity of the machine: in the passenger version it easily carries four people and a cargo of eight or ten bags of potatoes!
This utility purpose is naturally dictated by the construction design. “Cottager” is a small two-door polyfuran with low sides and a removable canvas top. Low sides make it easy to ship weight, and a canvas awning protects occupants from rain and snow. To fit in a relatively small size was possible thanks to the use of parts and components motorized FDD.
 
The unusual layout of the “summer resident”. Usually the engine in the car include the front or the back. I have it in the middle, between the cockpit and passenger compartment. This arrangement gives some advantage. The main one is ease of use and maintenance: if something happens to crawl under the car, let alone reversing it is not necessary — all the basic components of the power plant and so accessible.
 
General view
 
General view of the “summer resident”.
 
Elements of the body and their points of connection (top view of the frame of the awning is not shown)
 
The elements of the body and their points of connection (top view of the frame of the awning is not shown):
 
A — frame of the trunk, B — cover glazing In — frame cabin, G — frame passenger compartment;
1 — M6 bolts, 2,8,9 — parts of frames (area 40x40x1), 3 — trim trunk (area 50х50х 1,5), 4 — panel cover (sheet s1), 5 — tool tray side (D-shaped profile 70x30x10x1,5,2), 6,7 — frame tent (coarse respectively and 20×2 30×2), 10 —frame cabin (tube 30×1), 11 — loop (sheet s2), a 12 — trim door (corner 15x15x1), 13 bolts M8, 14 — floor beams of the passenger compartment (area 30x25x1), 15 — crossmember (area 30x25x1), 16 — floor beams of the cabin (pipe 20×2).
 
The layout of the car (viewed from above, the body is not shown)

 
The layout of the car (viewed from above, the body is not shown):
 
1 — bumper, front 2 — wheel spare. 3 — trunk, 4 flat panel instrument cluster, 5 — cabin, 6 — compartment utility, 7 tent, 8 — fuel tank. Of 9.18 — passenger rear seat, 10 — damper, 11—rear bumper, 12 — in transmission main, 13 — frame, 14 — engine, 15 — frame chassis carrier, 16 — the driver’s seat, 17 — seat passenger front.
 
Car chassis

 
Car chassis:
 
1 —the steering mechanism, 2 — stroke limiter up front axle (rubber cord cross-section 12×12 mm), 3 — bolt M14 subframe stretch, 4—shock absorber, rear, 5 — main transmission, 6 — spring, 7 — front shock absorber (rubber cushion) 8 — axle front, 9 — frame carrier, 10 — rear wheel 11 — stretching of the engine subframe (pipe 21×2), 12 — cardan-coupling flexible.
 
Load-bearing chassis frame

 
Frame chassis:
 
1 — front cross member, 2, 4 — mounting brackets of the frame of the trunk (corners 30x30x4, 3 PCs.), 3 — bracket, left suspension spring, 5 — sleeve for installation of the reducer of the steering mechanism, 6 — loop fastener of the bottom (22 PCs), 7,10 — cross-medium (30x30x4 area), 8 — step, 9 — spar, 11 — brace (area 30x30x4, 2 PCs.), 12 — brackets front and rear sub-frame mounting, 13 — brackets front and rear mounting main gear, 14 — cross member rear 15 — front bracket-rear shock absorber, 16 — pendulum-lever rear suspension, 17 — cradle (area 25x25x2), 18 — valve (tube 42×2).
 
Upper tie rod Assembly

 
The upper tie rod Assembly.
 
Steering wheel
 
Steering wheel.
 
Steering gear
 
Steering gear:
 
1 — tube carrying frame chassis, 2 — gear reducer, the leading (z=14), 3 — camera, 4 — the steering shaft, 5 — an arm of fastening of the steering mechanism to the front panel, 6 — flange of the steering wheel 7 — gear driven gear (z=25), 8 — fry steering, 9 housing bushing reducer on a frame chassis, 10 — sleeve-bearing bronze (4 pieces).

 
Front axle
 
Front axle:
 
1 — ball joint 2 clamp stopper up the front axle with bolts M8 (4 PCs), 3 — lugs mounting leaf springs (4 PCs.), 4 — stud M14 mounting leaf springs (2 PCs), 5 — bottom pull steering, 6 — axles, 7 — swivel plug, 8 — pull steering top, 9 — rib, 10 — lever steering, 11 — beam rear, 12 — the bridge 13 — beam front.

 
The body “summer resident” — not a bearing, made in the form of a two-door poluvagona covered with tarpaulins. Structurally, it consists of four parts (A, B, C and d) connected with the carrier frame by bolts. Each part is a frame, welded from thin-walled steel parts and tubes (B — more from the steel sheet), which screws M5 flat head screws fastened the covering from sheet aluminum 1.5 mm thick.
From the same sheets of aluminum made the bottom protects frame cabin floor, hood, engine cover and niche wheels. Cover for heat and sound insulation covered with a layer of batting with a thickness of 15 — 20 mm and a leatherette and niche wheels to protect against road stones and sand — rubber aprons. To prevent electrolytic destruction of the dural covering, the motor is isolated from the frame, i.e. the frame and the body in the diagram are not “mass”.
 
In the body design used a bit cropped from the bottom door of the tractor “Belarus”. Glazing with rubber edging from the same tractor (rear and side glass). The vents from the car GAS-53, castles from GAZ-69.
 
The driver’s cab and passenger compartment (cabin), where the power plant is located and two passenger seats,
 
separated by a canvas wall with two Windows. On all sides the closed cabin tent khaki. It remains closed only on Parking. The movement of one or both side of the canopy removable for removal of warm air from the engine.
 
Technical data of the car:
 
Mass in running order
state, kg……………….400
Load capacity, kg…………500
The number of seats
(including the driver)…………….4
Engine power, HP……….18
Maximum speed, km/h…….80
Fuel tank capacity, l…………..12
The least turning radius, m………………..2,5
 
As for the seats, the front wheels borrowed from the GAZ-69, rear (cushions without backs) — the GAZ-66.
 
As already mentioned, the power plant is located in the middle of the car — in the passenger compartment. In the engine compartment is arranged in the trunk with the spare wheel, tool box and other necessary things.
 
Engine “summer resident” working volume of the cylinder 350 cm3, from motorized FDD. From the serial it differs in that it has ignition system with magneto “Katsch” and is run manually from the cab by the kick starter. So battery and starter are missing.
 
The engine is mounted on a special subframe and held against lateral displacement by the tubular stretching (right). To prevent excessive vibration, the subframe is fastened to the brackets of the frame with dampers — rubber bushes.
 
Cooled powerplant in the following way. Cold air is drawn through side louvers and warm through a special slit in the engine cover appears in salon, open on the sides, and then to the atmosphere.
 
Exhaust gases are vented through a homemade silencer active type.
 
Transmission “summer resident” such motorolano. Torque from the power unit is transmitted to the stub-roller chain back to the main transmission consisting of a differential and gear into reverse, and then axle shafts with elastic gimbal couplings on the ends to the rear wheels.
 
The control mechanism of the car consists of a “donut”, shaft, gearbox and the steering Pitman arm. It is installed in a special sleeve that is welded to the side rail of the supporting frame on the left. “Bagel” is connected to the shaft with three bolts M6 shaft with a leading gear — cardan shaft GAZ-66. As the driving and driven gears taken from the gear sidecar FDD.
 
The hinges of the lower rod end is made of sleeves with tapered bores of the segments of rubber hose with a diameter of 20×10 mm and screws M10.
From dirt and dust reducer protected: lower rubber cover on top of the dural floor of the cab.
 
Spring-hydraulic shock absorbers — motor type: hydraulic cylinders taken from the “Ural”, springs with an outer diameter of 75 mm from the seats of farm machinery.
 
The carrying frame is welded mainly of thin-walled steel pipes and corners. The front cross member carries brackets of springs and body shell; the rear — suspension brackets of wheels and shock towers; a bypass pipe brackets, main gear, engine cradle, and the cradle the rear of the body frame.
 
Front axle is welded from water pipes of different diameter. Spring — from wheelchair motorcycle “Ural”. Steering knuckles, plugs and ball joints — motorized FDD.
 
The bridge is attached (using rubber mounts) to the rear ends of the springs (they drilled holes with a diameter of 16 mm) stud M14.
 
M. DRUZHININ,
Vologda

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