ROWING – SAILING!

ROWING - SAILING!

To acquire a sailboat—even the most simple!—one desire is not enough. You have to go to the cost, sometimes completely devastating for the family budget. And the time to construct such a vessel takes a lot. However, there is a way—readily available and inexpensive. It is to install on a rented pleasure craft rowing boat (for example, type “Mullet” or “Trout”) a simple improvised sailing arms. Do not, of course, be expected from such a “yacht” high speed and Lavrovich qualities. This is possible only if a radical change in the structure of the boat and improved its facilities, including a retractable centerboard or verzemi.
Now, however, we will focus on sailing the weapons easier. The main part and 4.5-metre mast, which is mounted on a special support (steps) at a distance of 1200-1400 mm from the nose of the boat and raskreplenija guys and stays.
 
Sail the boat consists of a mainsail and headsail. The grotto — like “swift”, it is fixed with mast pocket, raised the mainsail-halyard thrown through the bracket at the top of the mast, and stretched boom. Operated by the sail boom-sheet.
The kit includes one sail — staysail. Typical, the forestay it is not attached — it greatly accelerates its setting and cleaning. Rises the sail-staysail-halyard, passed through a block at the top of the mast and is controlled by the jib sheets, missing on both sides of the mast through the piles. After raising the sails up all the loose ends are fixed to the ducks.
 
Tie the knot sailboat — plug-in. It is hung on the bracket mounted on the transom of the boat.
 
The mast of the boat-a three-assembled from a thin-walled duralumin tubes. In the upper and lower fixed knee brace: on top of the t – axis of the vane, made from Bicycle spokes, bottom — pins-pins.
On the lower knee of the mast screws M5 fixed duck. The drawings depict the mast of minimum size, however it can lengthen with wood inserts (I = 250…300 mm) in the knee of the mast to a depth of 150 mm.
 
The boom consists of two aluminum tubes at the front are fixed the so-called “whiskers” encompassing the mast and allow to fix it to the boom. If you find two tubes fail, the rear of the boom it is possible to make wood such as spruce.
 
The knock boom (rear end) installed in the two rings through the first and through the ring sheet angle turns are skipped grotto grotto-sheet, forming a kind of soft lanyard, which you can use to adjust the “belly” of the grotto, enlarging it to full courses and reducing acute and when the wind picks up. This is done by moving the stopper up or down the mainsail the mainsheet. Three times through the ring at the rear of the boom is ignored ghica-sheet and is fixed on kolcu, kotoroe can move freely on the chase — the steel cable that stretched from side to side in the stern of the boat.
 
The shrouds and forestay are arranged almost identically, and represent the nylon ropes with fire (loops) on the ends.
 
The mast shrouds are fixed on the earring fastened to the mast by a bolt and nut, and shtag — on the top bracket. The shrouds and forestay stuffed soft lanyards: each of them is formed by several coils of nylon rope passed through the lower fire and the earring bent from a steel wire in diameter of 3…4 mm. Earrings, in turn, fixed to three worthwhile on-sea, privernutyh to the sides and Fortuny boats, and fixed from below cotter. To do not lost, each of them tied a nylon startcom. The mount guys and the forestay allows for a few seconds to “disarm” ladno: enough to pull a guy or down the forestay and pull cvcu and the mast can be disassembled.
 
Equipment rowing boats rigging
 
Equipment rowing boats rigging:
1 — mast, 2 — lower brace (a rod with a diameter of 8… 10 mm or pipe with a diameter of 12 mm), 3 — mount cables, 4 — the jib sheets (a nylon rope with a diameter of 6…8 mm), 5 — stacks stack-SEL-Scots (a steel ring with a diameter of 40…50 mm), 6 — geek
7 — boom-mainsheet (nylon canag diameter 10-12 mm), 8 — steering unit, 9 — Grot, 10 — upper brace (a rod with a diameter of 8… 10 mm or pipe with a diameter of 12 mm), 11 — cap, 12 — Grot-tether (nylon rope diameter 6…8 mm), 13 — block the jib halyard, 14 — staysail-halyard (nylon rope diameter 6…8 mm), 15 stays, 16 — staysail, 17 — the lanyard (nylon rope diameter 3…4 mm) 18 — duck (metal stripe cross-section 2 x 12 mm), 19 — steps 20 — bolt M8 with washer and wing nut 21 — earring (sheet aluminum, 2 mm thick), 22 — quick release pin-the pin (a steel wire of diameter 1 mm), 23 — lanyard (nylon rope with a diameter of 3…4 mm), 24 — Grot-sheet (nylon cable diameter 4…6 mm) 25 — corner stopper (dural “area” 2х25х25мм), 26 — clamp (sheet aluminum, 2 mm thick), 27 — ring of the mainsail-mainsheet (steel wire with a diameter of 3…4 mm), 28 — ring NOC geek, 29 — epaulet ghica-sheet (steel cable with a diameter of 2-2,5 mm).
 

 
Mast
 
Mast:
1 — lower knee of the mast (duralumin tube diameter 40×2 mm), 2 – pivot pin (steel wire with a diameter of 5 mm), 3 — medium knee mast (duralumin pipe with a diameter 45×2 mm), 4 – upper knee of the mast (duralumin tube diameter 40×2 mm).
 

 
The mount guys
 
The mount guys:
1 — the guy (steel wire rope or piano wire with a diameter of 2…2.5 mm), 2 — thimble (copper or aluminum tube), 3 — soft lanyard (nylon rope with a diameter of 4-6 mm), 4 — earring vant-Potenza (steel wire with a diameter of 3…4 mm), 5 — safety startek (a nylon rope with a diameter of 3-4 mm), 6 — vant-Putins (dural “area” 2,5x40x40 mm) 7 — check (steel wire with a diameter of About 3-4 mm).

 
Sails — mainsail (A) and staysail (B)
 
Sails — mainsail (A) and staysail (B):
1 — cloth sails (Mylar or nylon fabric), 2 — reinforcing tape (Mylar or nylon tapes, of a width of 15…20 mm), 3 — mast pocket of the grotto, 4, 6 — joints of type “zigzag”, 5 — reinforcing tape (nylon or Dacron braid with a width of 8…12 mm), 7 — pocket headsail (nylon or Mylar tape with a width of 50 to 60 mm), 8 — Lectro, 9 — loop (nylon tapes, of a width of 15…20 mm) 10 — the lanyard (nylon rope with a diameter of 3…4 mm), II is the bottom of the fire litros, 12, 13 — booty (Mylar or nylon fabric).

 
 
 
Geek
 
Geek:
1 – back knee geek (duralumin pipe with a diameter 28×1,5 mm), 2 — pivot pin (steel wire ø 3,5×5 mm), 3 — front knee geek (duralumin pipe with a diameter 32×1,5 mm), 4 — screws M5, 5 — plate (dural band 4x40x110 mm).

 
Steering gear
 
Steering gear:
1 — rudder (sheet aluminum with a thickness of 4…6 mm), 2 —ballerina box (aluminum sheet thickness 3…4 mm), 3 — axis pen (steel bolt MB with nut and washers), 4 — Sorlin (a nylon rope with a diameter of 4…5 mm), 5 — liner (sheet aluminum with a thickness of 4…6 mm), 6 — (pine), 7 — a bunch of Carlina (dural strip 2×12 mm) 8 — M5 bolt with nut and washers, 9 — tiller (duralumin tube diameter 18×2 mm) 10 — safety startek (a nylon rope with a diameter of 3…4 mm) 11 — pin (steel wire with a diameter of 5…6 mm), 12 — bracket (steel strip with a thickness of 3 mm), 13 — rivet.

 
Cap
 
The cap:
1 — cloth (nylon fabric or color of the polymer Film), 2 — frame (OVS wire diameter 0.6… 1 mm), 3 — axis vane (Bicycle spoke), 4 — washer (polyethylene, polystyrene) 5 — washer (rubber).

 
The scheme of installation of the rigging.
 
The scheme of installation of the rigging.
 
Piles the jib of the Scots is made in the form of rings attached to the sides.
 
The steering unit consists of dural pen mounted on the axis in the shaft-Noi box, bent from sheet aluminum. Riveted to the box liner to which the three screws attached wooden stand with the tiller. The length of the lever tiller can be adjusted: it drilled some holes to mount the tiller to the rack.
 
The tiller is equipped with an extension cord connected to the arm elastic hinge. The use of extension greatly facilitates the control of the boat. To lift the steering of the pen used sorlini, the free end of which is defined by a duck.
 
Sails is perhaps the most important and complex part of the arms. They need to pick up a thin, durable and windproof fabric. Most suitable weight Dacron 110…130 g/sqm is a Bit worse —kalron (150…180 g/sq m). And finally, worst of all cotton fabric weight 150…200 g/sq m — it is blown and does not hold shape when wet.
When cutting cloth fabric should be placed parallel to the bottom scato-Rin sails. They sostragivajut the sewing machine seam “zigzag”, using nylon (No. 60/3) or cotton reinforced (No. 45) of thread. To the front katarinam sails prostrachivajut pockets. The ends of the pocket of the grotto bowed and sheathed each of two lengths of braid, the NAC is shown on one of the drawings of the sail. The same braid is sheathed and cut on Grot under the heel of a hin.
 
Slightly higher cut, to the junction of the sail and the pocket sewn loop of webbing: it is fixed the heel of the boom, which it does not slide down. You can pin the boom and sling — a thin nylon cord with fire at one end, passed in the mast pocket to the loop attachment of the mainsail is the halyard.
 
Back and bottom of foot are enhanced with braid angles — reinforcing-netname-botami from the same cloth. To skotovi the corners of the sail with a durable sewn braid steel ring.
 
Jarman headsail is constituted by a strip of fabric width of about 60 mm, inside pockets, skips litres, which pre-be filled with the lower fire. The upper fire is closed up after pulling litros through the pocket and attached with a thick nylon thread to bout head points (top) angle of the headsail.
 
Galbavy (front lower) corner of the enclosing for loop there is connected a soft lanyard with a bottom fire, which, when the headsail is attached to lifting shackle or snap hook to the earring of Potenza the forestay. The value of the “belly” of the sail can be adjusted with a soft lanyard.
 
In conclusion, it should be noted that rowing boat in the sailing version behaves on the water even better than normal: moves smoothly and quietly, easily climbs the wave, not sprinkles the crew. However, beginners are recommended to learn to sail near
 
the shore, not too deep seat and moderate winds. Due to sudden strengthen to deploy the boat’s nose to the wind (become leventin) and shorten sail, since the sail.
 
If sailing long, take care of the equipment crew life jackets, waterproof suits and hermetic packaging of products and items, awnings for tents, and similar equipment used by lovers of water tourism.
 
Yuri KUZHEL

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