“MAIL” FOR THE WALLS

Laying tile without assistance. Those who build a new home or apartment equips with modern conveniences, it is necessary to take care of tiling. Work on tile laying with the use of modern bonding materials really is not something extraordinary that requires the intervention of external forces. However, installation of tiles with a pattern, requires not only skill, but patience. But this last quality, as a rule, with the plethora of individuals is working.

 
The choice of material and its quantity. When the cladding material is defined tile, it remains to choose a different stores a desirable variant. However, you should buy a sink, tub and toilet, and then match it with the tile, and not necessarily of the same color.
 
But even a few stacked in a row of tiles is difficult to imagine how they will be perceived on the bathroom wall. Therefore it is best to choose the tile in the shop. There and the range is richer, and the purchaser shall have the opportunity to see a variety of already laid tiles of the walls of the bathroom. Simple tile usually costs less print — more expensive.
Needless to say, everyone has different tastes, but you must ensure that tiles fit in color and pattern to each other, as well as to the bathroom. It is undesirable in the same room to use tiles with different patterns. If the floor is patterned, the walls to do better, plain.
 
Bathrooms in prefabricated homes always have artificial lighting, so the tile here, a preferable light shades, pastel shades. In the bathrooms of private homes with large Windows can be safely used darker tile. Better not to do the entire bathroom in only dark or only bright. Color sink and bathtub can be balanced by lighter tiles.
 
Fig. 1. Methods of laying tile And
 
Fig. 1. Methods of laying tile:
 
A—”network”; B—”viscous”

 
Fig. 2. Vertical rows of tiles are checked by plumb
 
Fig. 2. Vertical rows of tiles are checked by plumb
 
Fig. 3. Using the carpenter's level is marked with a horizontal laying of tiles
 
Fig. 3. Using the carpenter’s level is marked with a horizontal laying tiles
 
Fig. 4. Before you start laying tile is laid out the top and the bottom row
 
Fig. 4. Before you start laying tile is laid out the top and the bottom row
 
Fig. 5. Tiles are reduced in size (or narrower) stacked compensation due to the width of the joint
 
Fig. 5. Tiles are reduced in size (or narrower) stacked compensation due to the width of the joint
 
The typical size of a tile 150×150 mm, but certain deviations may occur as with a number of them in one box. Usually it is 44 tiles of the specified size that is sufficient for the cladding 1 m2 of the wall. Based on these data, we can calculate the number of tiles required to clad an entire building, and to increase this number by 10%: I’m sure some tiles will break, if not during delivery, during the tile work. Also counted number of not only basic tiles, but a narrow side and edge, with a concave or convex middle or rounded edges.
 
Can’t hurt to check and the color tiles in the same batch of tiles, can get a box with a different shade.
 
While browsing the options of tile pattern should be especially careful: if tile sertalinesumycin pattern, the full pattern is obtained only by combining the two tiles. In such boxes it is necessary to verify the presence of the paired tiles.
 
Pasting. When the tiles are already purchased, it remains to find a suitable solution. If the wall surface is smooth, flat and solid, then this task is easier — you can use glue “Bustilat.” It as well sticks to concrete and to plaster, gypsum panel walls. However, tiles can fall off together with the layer of the wall, if that old cracked. Industry produces speckle CMC in powder form in packages. This powder should be dipped in the water (8.5 is part of the glue by volume is 3 parts water). Leave the mass for 30 minutes and from time to time to stir it. Glue can be used for 8 hours. If the wall surface is dry, without dust and grease, the tiles stick for 1 — 2 minutes. If the tile has been pre-soaked (as long as its surface does not pop up air bubbles) or even just soaked in water, the tiles stick to the surface for 5 — 10 minutes.
 
Not necessarily cover solution entire tile, just spread it in the corners and in the middle. Even in this case, the tile is fastened securely. For finishing 1 m2 of a concrete wall requires 0.5 kg of solution, and plastered — in 2 times more.
 
Glue for a tile with the old, cracked or brick walls. In these cases using traditional solution made of 10 parts sand, 3.5 parts of lime pulp, 2 parts 350 th cement and an appropriate amount of water. The wall surface should be clean and sprinkled with water immediately before application of the tile, which should also be soaked.
 
Formed ranks. The tiles are stacked in various combinations between them are left small gaps. The size of the gaps depends on how smooth edges of the tiles. A wider gap does not spoil the overall impression of the wall, which is not on unevenly laid tiles. There are two traditional method of laying tile — “network” and “binding”.
 
Tiles laid by “network” (1, A), must exactly be placed under each other, so this method requires great efforts and skills. But the end result more effective. Stacked “viscous” (1, B) series look less beautiful, but this method allows you to hide some mistakes in laying tile is to hide the difference of sizes of plates. You need to strive to the rows of tiles were exactly located both in vertical and in horizontal direction (2).
With the help of stretched twine, and a level meter (3, 4) it is necessary to mark a place on the wall and the bottom of the first vertical row. A horizontal row is marked so that he was at a distance of tiles from the lowest point of the floor. From the tiles of this series need to cut extra pieces so that when laying edge (top) dealt with horizontal lines marked with string.
 
When cutting tiles, you must take into account the dimensions of the joint (5). For education the same stitches you can use standard plastic crestomanci or a spacer, for example, glass pieces in the thickness 1,5 — 3 mm or wood, plastic, rubber. When laying tile spacers are invested from the bottom and sides of the tiles (2). Those that capture vertical seam, you can remove immediately after tile installation; horizontal need to leave before full drying of a solution (the adhesive dries in 1 — 2 minutes, while the traditional solution for 24 hours).
 
Before labels of the tiles at both ends of range fit in one tile (4), and smooth placket. It controls the evenness of gluing each tile, which is regulated by tapping on it from the top down or from the bottom up, until then, until it is just below the strap.
 
Fig. 6. Notched glass cutter tile is easy to fracture placed under her on the web (e.g. pencil)
 
Fig. 6. Notched glass cutter tile is easy to fracture placed under her on the web (e.g. pencil)
 
Fig. 7. The grouting mortar using a rubber spatula
 
Fig. 7. The grouting mortar using a rubber spatula
 
Fig. 8. For replacement tiles, you must carefully remove the old layer of the solution
 
Fig. 8. For replacement tiles, you must carefully remove the old mortar
 
Fig. 9. When applying the
 
Fig. 9. When applying the “patch” solution is applied simultaneously on the wall and the tile
 
The biggest difficulty is cropping tiles. To do this, use a special cutter or a glass cutter with a ruler. The tile overlaps the line, marked the line of the cut and then the cutter cut through the tile glaze. Several times to spend them on tiles, and then put it under a cut line lying on the table the pencil: just a small effort to make sure the tile has broken on the planned line (6).
 
A much more difficult task is cutting tile in a semicircle or circle. In this case, you need to cut tiles on both sides and then, working carefully with a hammer or tongs, to bite off small pieces.
 
Pasted tile if necessary, you can drill the drill (on the low speed) with a carbide drill, but to start drilling quite difficult: you first need to identify the core point and a little to deepen it so that the drill bit does not slip during the work.
 
Finishing seams. When the adhesive or mortar has hardened, you can remove from the joints of the strut and begin to fill them. This liquid is prepared grout consisting of 2 parts sand and 1 part cement mixed with water. She applied a special (7) rubber band (with a spatula) on a tiled surface, filling the seams. For the “whitening” of joints, you can use white cement. After drying this solution it is necessary to prepare a liquid cement mass, to apply it on the entire surface of the tile, then half the wet mass to remove.
 
If you are using colored tiles, in the solution to fill the gaps, you can add paint or paint cracks after drying of the filler.
 
After work excess tiles removed for storage: they will be useful later, for replacing broken or cracked.
 
The restoration of these tiles is simple. First with a sharp knife vykovyrivat putty from the cracks and gently pulled out the tile. Then removed the remnants of the solution (8), this place is filled with a new solution. On soaked in water tile is also placed in the solution and it is attached in place of the old (9).

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